Disability is a normal part of human diversity. Disability may be permanent, temporary or fluctuating, and may have a minimal or substantial impact on a person's life. Disability may impact mobility, learning or communication and can result from accident, illness or genetic conditions.
Disability does not just refer to a person's health or wellbeing. It involves the interaction between the unique features and functions of a person's body and mind and the environment and socio-political context in which they live.
Disability does not equate to inability to achieve. People with disability have the same right as everyone else to make decisions for their own lives and to be active members of society.
Disability forms only a part of an individual's identity. While some people identify strongly with their disability, others may see it as just another part of what makes them unique.
There is no definitive classification system for disability. Disability is a normal part of human diversity. Disability may be permanent, temporary or fluctuating, and may have a minimal or substantial impact on a person's life. Disability may include:
- physical impairments
- medical conditions
- intellectual disabilities
- learning disabilities
- mental health conditions
- neurological conditions
- vision impairments
- hearing impairments
- mobility impairments.
Disability is not always visible or singular, for example, an individual who has cerebral palsy may also experience a mental health condition such as anxiety or someone with vision impairment may also have a learning disability.