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Referencing and plagiarism

Referencing or citing refers to acknowledging the various sources of information you've gathered in your research and used in your essay or report. When students fail to reference accurately they can be accused of plagiarising. This occurs when a student claims ownership of words, ideas or visual work which is not the result of their own academic or creative study.

Referencing of sources in written work generally occurs in the body of the text as either in-text citations or footnotes, and at the end of the text in the form of a reference list or bibliography.

We reference for a variety of reasons but primarily it:

  • gives appropriate recognition to the original authors or researchers whose ideas, words and research have been used
  • gives strength to ideas by using well documented research that supports an argument
  • avoids plagiarism and the subsequent university disciplinary action
  • enables a reader to locate the sources of your information
  • provides evidence of your wide reading.

In Art & Design, plagiarism can apply to the inappropriate use of another student's visual material. It is your responsibility to take all reasonable precautions to protect your own visual work, as you can be held responsible if another student plagiarises your material. Do not leave materials unprotected on public access computers.

University policies on plagiarism are outlined in Student Academic Integrity Policy Opens in a new window and Student Academic Integrity: Managing Plagiarism and Collusion Procedures Opens in a new window

The Handbook for Studying in the Department of Theory of Art & Design Opens in a new window also has some helpful information about referencing and plagiarism. Additional guidelines can be found by searching the Language and Learning Resource Finder under headings such as:
  • Why do we reference?
  • Analysing citations
  • Citing previous research

Finally, the Monash Library citing and referencing Opens in a new window site gives information on a range of referencing styles including Turabian and Harvard.

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