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Using theory and evidence

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This task is designed to give you further insight into the process of problem analysis by modelling how theory, evidence, and commentary can be combined.

Read the following two student samples which discuss problems of motivation among the WPC staff. See if you can identify which stage (Introduction, Case Evidence, Commentary, Conclusion) each sentence belongs to.

Sample 1

[1] There are three major motivators which stimulate better work (Robbins, 2000, pg. 555). [2] The girls in the WPC need to experience achievement. [3] They do this with their data entry and word processing, but perhaps the girls have a stronger need to succeed through harder and more demanding tasks. [4] They need to experience power. [5] The ability to make someone act in a different way or to be in control of someone is a big motivator. [6] They need to feel a sense of affiliation with other employees, they need to develop interpersonal relations with other staff (Robbins, 2000, pg. 555).

Complete the following table, trying to identify which sentence numbers belong to the four stages.

Stage Sentence number(s)
  1. Introduction






  1. Case Evidence






  1. Commentary






  1. Conclusion






Check your answers


Sample 2

[1] Carlopio et al. (1997, pp.232). . . observe that the result of being egalitarian and flexible in communication is two-way communication. [2] This concept has not been able to evolve in the firm of Lawton, Langbridge, Lypton, and Lawless Solicitors, since the WPC staff are not consulted about any issues at the firm. [3] For example, one reason that may explain errors made in written reports could be that solicitors have not taken the time to explain tasks in enough detail. [4] They assume that the staff know exactly what they are doing . . . [5] As no two-way discussion has taken place at the firm, agreement, the final attribute and by-product of discussion, cannot be reached. [6] Having said all this, it becomes obvious that communication at the firm is extremely poor.

Complete the following table, trying to identify which sentence numbers belong to the four stages.

Stage Sentence number(s)
  1. Introduction






  1. Case Evidence






  1. Commentary






  1. Conclusion






Which is better - sample 1 or sample 2?

Check your answers

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