Monash University Accident Research Centre - Report #111 - 1997
Authors: B. Corben, H. Deery, N. Mullan & D. Dyte
Vehicles crashing into fixed roadside objects, such as trees, poles and embankments, continue to create substantial trauma and costs for individuals and society. These crashes tend to be severe in nature, accounting for about one-quarter of all serious road casualties in Victoria. This study aimed to evaluate treatments implemented to address the problem of crashes into fixed roadside objects, in terms of casualty crash occurrence, costs, and economic worth. The results may help set priorities to further improve the return on future road safety investments.
Over 250 countermeasures for crashes into fixed roadside objects, undertaken in Victoria since 1989, were evaluated. Analyses were divided into several distinct levels to provide a comprehensive evaluation of various treatment types, both individually and when aggregated.
For the sample of treatments evaluated, casualty crashes and costs were reduced by 9% and 16%, respectively, and a Benefit/Cost Ratio of 4.1 was achieved. Changes to horizontal road geometry reduced casualty crashes by 44%, while large-scale shoulder sealing reduced casualty crashes and costs by 32% and 37%, respectively. Several other results approached statistical reliability and should therefore be considered indicative only at this stage.
These results have both immediate and medium-term implications for existing strategies for roadside safety. They suggest existing strategies should give increased emphasis to the highly effective treatments, such as shoulder sealing, improved horizontal road alignment and skid resistant pavements. Further critical assessment of selected other treatments is recommended before they form a significant part of future roadside safety strategies. A number of opportunities for further strategic improvements are also recommended.
Sponsoring Organisation: Baseline Research Program - Department of Justice, Transport Accident Commission, Royal Automobile Club of Victoria (RACV) Ltd, VicRoads