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Background

Clearly and consistently classifying our OHS records allows focused action to reduce our exposure to risks. Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) related classifications are applied to reports to code various aspects in a consistent fashion. OHS related procedures that utilize these classifications include:

It is important to classify OHS data consistently so that reporting can identify:

  1. Trends within areas of particular hazards.
  2. Areas of concern.
  3. Produce data that can be compared between organizations.

Where relevant, Monash University has aligned with the Type of Occurrence Classification System (TOOCS). TOOCS was selected because it:

  1. Provides a consistent set of classifications that work for Monash University.
  2. Provides a thorough depth of classification if/when required.
  3. Has had significant uptake from other Victorian Organizations.

OH&S welcomes any feedback you may have on these classifications. Should any hazard or incident prove difficult to classify, please either:

  1. Call the OHS Helpline on 990 20222.
  2. Email the OHS Helpline.
  3. Contact your OHS Consultant or Advisor for further assistance.

Definitions

Activity

The activity, task or process being undertaken at the; time the incident occurred, or, of which an assessment is being made of. It should be noted that Occupational Health and Safety is described as any time employer is in control of the workplace (and corresponding activities being undertaken). The complete list of activities can be found below.

For example this could be office work, even if the person was currently on placement, if the activity at the time was specifically office based activities.

Agency of Injury

Agency of injury is the specific object, item, substance, material, or structure that was directly or principally involved in, or most closely associated with, the point at which things started to go wrong and which ultimately led to the most serious injury or disease.

For example this can include a knife in the case of being cut, or fire and smoke in the case of smoke inhalation. The complete list of agencies can be found below.

Mechanism of Injury

Mechanism of injury is how an injury was or may have been sustained. This is the general action, exposure or event that best describes the circumstances that did or may have resulted in the most serious injury or disease.

For example this can include getting trapped between two things, falling down from somewhere, or being poisoned by something. The complete list of mechanisms can be found below.

Nature of Injury

This is the type of injury or disease that was sustained as a result of the incident, or the most serious injury or disease sustained or suffered by the worker. The injury or disease suffered is generally physical although the classification includes categories for psychosocial harm.

Classification Category

Activity

Research in laboratories

Classification: Research in laboratories
Type: Activity
Code: N/A
Description: Activities designed to be undertaken only in controlled laboratories where the aim is to find and understand novel problems.
Includes:
  • Exploration of science undertaken in a designed laboratory space
  • Use of laboratory equipment
  • Tours and visits to laboratories

Research in studios

Classification: Research in studios
Type: Activity
Code: N/A
Description: Activities designed to be undertaken only in studio spaces.
Includes:
  • Participation in theatrical and musical performances
  • Model making

Research in the field

Classification: Research in the field
Type: Activity
Code: N/A
Description: Activities involving excursion to specific locations to find and understand novel problems.An excursion to specific location/s to collect data and/or research and learn about the area
Includes:
  • Remote research activities
  • Site visits and home visits for research purposes
  • Collecting primary data off-campus for research

Lectures, tutorials and use of the library

Classification: Lectures, tutorials and use of the library
Type: Activity
Code: N/A
Description: Activities undertaken during regular teaching activities that do not include practical work.
Includes:
  • Lectures
  • Tutorials
  • Use of computer laboratories
  • Use of the library and study spaces

Practice-based learning (labs, studios, fieldwork)

Classification: Practice-based learning (labs, studios, fieldwork)
Type: Activity
Code: N/A
Description: Activities undertaken during regular teaching activities that include practical work. This does not include placements and work experience.
Includes:
  • Hands on scenario-based learning activities
  • Tours and visits to laboratories, factories, galleries

Placement and work experience

Classification: Placement and work experience
Type: Activity
Code: N/A
Description: The temporary posting of someone in a workplace to enable them to gain work experience
Includes:
  • Hospital placement for medical students
  • Industry based learning

Events or Functions

Classification: Events or Functions
Type: Activity
Code: N/A
Description: A planned public, private or social occasion involving a few or many people. This includes activities to set-up or pack down any materials and equipment directly associated with the event or function.A planned public or social occasion involving a few or many people.
Includes:
  • Open Day
  • O-week
  • Conferences
  • Winterfest, Summerfest or Uni-games
  • Market day
  • Special guest presenters

Office based work

Classification: Office based work
Type: Activity
Code: N/A
Description: Activities, processes and/or procedures undertaken in the provided office space
Includes:
  • Report writing & data entry activities
  • Meetings
  • Work in open plan, cubicle and individual offices

Travelling on duty (on campus or off campus)

Classification: Travelling on duty (on campus or off campus)
Type: Activity
Code: N/A
Description: The use of any mode of travel to egress between work locations.
Includes:
  • Travelling between campuses
  • Travelling on campus
  • Travelling to other organisations or locations
  • Travelling interstate or overseas
  • Travelling by Road, Rail, Air, Sea, Walking

Construction and renovation works

Classification: Construction and renovation works
Type: Activity
Code: N/A
Description: Construction is defined as any work performed in connection with the construction, alteration, conversion, fitting out, commissioning, renovation, refurbishment, decommissioning, or demolition of any building or structure, or any similar activity.
Includes:
  • New building works
  • Renovation and refurbishment of existing buildings

Equipment provision & construction

Classification: Equipment provision & construction
Type: Activity
Code: N/A
Description: The installation and maintenance of equipment.
Includes:
  • Trades services
  • Repair, replacement and routine maintenance
  • Emergency works (e.g. burst pipe)
  • Equipment install and maintenance (except during construction works)
  • Grounds keeping

Service provision

Classification: Service provision
Type: Activity
Code: N/A
Description: Work undertaken by trained service providers to support Monash University activities.
Includes:
  • University health services
  • Food vendors
  • Security patrols
  • Cleaning services & grounds maintenance
  • Workshops and manufacturing
  • Consultation work
  • Workplace inspections & scheduled audits

Social sports, fitness and exercise

Classification: Social sports, fitness and exercise
Type: Activity
Code: N/A
Description: Activities that involve physical exertion and skill in which an individual or team competes against another or others for entertainment
Includes:
  • Monash Gym activities (including swimming)
  • Staff Wellbeing Activity Programs (SWAP)

Routine work break

Classification: Routine work break
Type: Activity
Code: N/A
Description: Activities undertaken between tasks.
Includes:
  • Purchasing and food and drinks
  • Preparing food and drinks
  • Eating and drinking
  • Resting between tasks
  • Use of Monash Residences for on-campus accommodation

Classification Category

Agency of Injury

1 - Fixed Plant

Classification: Fixed Plant
Type: Agency of Injury
Code: 1
Description: Fixed plant refers to any powered machinery, equipment, appliance, implement or tool and any component or fitting or accessory of these, that is intended to be used only in the installed location.
Includes:
  • Lathes Garbage Compactors
  • Furnaces & Boilers
  • Cold rooms
  • Lifts
  • CT and PET Scanners
  • Water mains and accessories
  • Gas mains and accessories and sewerage systems

2 - Mobile Plant and Transport

Classification: Mobile Plant and Transport
Type: Agency of Injury
Code: 2
Description: Any machinery, equipment, appliance, implement or tool and any component or fitting or accessory used to transport people or materials between locations ordinarily under the direct control of an operator.
Includes:
  • Cars
  • Trucks
  • Tractors
  • Diggers
  • Compressors
  • Pneumatic tools
  • Wheelbarrows and Trolleys.

3 - Powered Equipment, Tools and Appliances

Classification: Powered Equipment, Tools and Appliances
Type: Agency of Injury
Code: 3
Description: Any machinery, equipment, appliance, implement or tool and any component or fitting or accessory of these, not covered by Fixed Plant or Mobile Plant and Transport, that is actuated by an additional power source and mechanism other than the solely manual labour of the operator.
Includes:
  • Workshop and worksite tools and equipment (drills etc),
  • Kitchen and domestic equipment (kettles, washing machines etc),
  • Office and electronic equipment (computers and keyboards),
  • Laboratory equipment, garden and outdoor powered equipment,
  • Gas cylinders

4 - Non-Powered Handtools and Equipment

Classification: Non-Powered Handtools and Equipment
Type: Agency of Injury
Code: 4
Description: Any machinery, equipment, appliance, implement or tool that is actuated solely by the manual labour of the operator to modify, fix or change materials.
Includes:
  • Handtools (Sharps, Hammers, Pliers)
  • Fixing and Packing equipment (such as nails, screws and rope)
  • Furniture and Fittings (such as beds, baths, and work tops)
  • Glassware
  • Ladders and Platforms

5 - Chemicals

Classification: Chemicals
Type: Agency of Injury
Code: 5
Description: A liquid, powder or vapour that has the potential to cause harm to the user when entering the person’s body via eyes, nose, mouth or skin.
Includes:
  • Dangerous Goods (e.g. Dangerous Gases, Flammable Liquids etc.)
  • Hazardous Substances
  • Poisons and Drugs

6 - Materials and substances

Classification: Materials and substances
Type: Agency of Injury
Code: 6
Description: Any materials and objects not otherwise classified as equipment or chemicals found within the workplace.
Includes:
  • Non-metallic minerals and substances (cement, concrete, rocks & stones, asbestos, synthetic mineral fibre, glass, etc.)
  • Oils
  • Timber (decking, planks, plywood, etc.)
  • Metals (pipes, sheet metal, etc.)
  • Stationery and paper products
  • Hot fluids & gases
  • Water or Air under pressure
  • Food products & Beverages
  • Sewerage, Garbage and other refuse

6310 - Fire and Smoke

Classification: Fire and Smoke
Type: Agency of Injury
Code: 6310
Description: Where fire or smoke were principally, or most closely associated with, the point at which things started to go wrong and which ultimately led to the most serious injury or disease.
Includes:
  • Fire, flame and smoke from unknown origin
  • Fire, flame and smoke from housefire or bushfires
  • Does not include where the source of fire or smoke is clearly identified (e.g. a furnace or equipment failure)

7100 - Outdoor Working Environmental

Classification: Outdoor Working Environmental
Type: Agency of Injury
Code: 7100
Description: Agencies that may cause injury when work is undertaken outdoors.
Includes:
  • Weather and Sun
  • Holes, Gutters, Trenches and Pits
  • Slippery surfaces due to wet, oily or icy conditions
  • Buildings and other structures (e.g. roofs, bridges, stairways)
  • Fencing and Vegetation

7200 - Indoor Working Environment

Classification: Indoor Working Environment
Type: Agency of Injury
Code: 7200
Description: Agencies that may cause injury when work is undertaken indoors.
Includes:
  • Internal conditions such as temperature, lighting or lack of oxygen
  • Steps, stairways and floor surfaces
  • Internal building structures (such as handrails, columns or walkways)
  • Confined spaces

81, 82, 83, 85 - Biological Specimens and Animals (Except Human Agencies)

Classification: Biological Specimens and Animals (Except Human Agencies)
Type: Agency of Injury
Code: 81, 82, 83, 85
Description: Where an animal or other lifeform (except humans) can cause harm.
Includes:
  • Animals (mammals, reptiles, insects, spiders, marine creatures, birds etc.
  • Non-living animal materials (e.g. Bbone, tissue sample, etc.)
  • Microscopic biologicals (e.g. bacteria, viruses, fungal disease, etc.)

84 - Human Agencies such as Medical Conditions or Fatigue

Classification: Human Agencies such as Medical Conditions or Fatigue
Type: Agency of Injury
Code: 84
Description: Where a human factor has led to harm
Includes:
  • Fatigue
  • Condition of affected person (disability, pre-existing illness, or, disease)

91 - Psychological

Classification: Psychological
Type: Agency of Injury
Code: 91
Description: Where situations rather than objects or substances, are considered to be agencies
Includes:
  • Where a situation or event affects the mental wellbeing or mental health of a person by overwhelming their coping mechanisms and impacting their ability to work in a healthy and safe manner

99 - Other and Unspecified

Classification: Other and Unspecified
Type: Agency of Injury
Code: 99
Description: Where the agency is not apparent or anything not otherwise covered by any other classification
Includes:
  • Other agencies not otherwise classified
  • Agency not apparent
  • Agency not known

Classification Category

Mechanism of Injury

0.1 - Falls from Heights

Classification: Falls from heights
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 0.1
Description: To drop or come down freely under the influence of gravity by greater than the height of one floor. This includes intentional jumps as well as unintentional falls.
Includes:
  • Falls from a roof
  • Falls from ground level to below ground level
  • Landing awkwardly after a jump from a height

0.2 - Slips, Trips and Falls

Classification: Slips, trips and falls
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 0.2
Description: To drop or come down freely under the influence of gravity by less than the height of one floor or to lose ones upright or erect position suddenly. This includes, slips, trips and intentional jumps as well as unintentional falls.
Includes:
  • Falls on the same level
  • Falls down or up stairs
  • Tripping on objects
  • Slipping on surfaces

1.1 - Colliding with Stationary Objects

Classification: Colliding with stationary objects
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 1.1
Description: Any time the result of the motion of the person hitting a stationary object that may cause injury.
Includes:
  • Running or walking into stationary objects
  • Caught in or by a stationary object such as fence

1.2 - Injuring Oneself with a Tool

Classification: Injuring oneself with a tool
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 1.2
Description: Any time the motion of a tool, by the operator may cause injury to themselves.
Includes:
  • Hitting oneself with a tool
  • Cutting oneself while using a knife or other tool

2.1, 2.8 - Struck by a Moving Object

Classification: Struck by a moving object
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 2.1, 2.8
Description: Where the motion of an object such as machines, vehicles, appliances or equipment colliding or striking the person may cause injury. This excludes incidents where the operator is inside the vehicle.
Includes:
  • Objects dropped from height
  • Being hit by flying or projected objects such as splinters, metal fragments and/or water or air under pressure
  • Struck by a moving vehicle

2.2, 2.3 - Bitten or Hit by an Animal (excludes insect bites)

Classification: Bitten or hit by an animal (excludes insect bites)
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 2.2, 2.3
Description: Where a bump, butt, knock, bite or scratch from an animal may cause injury. This category excludes where an infection that resulted from a bite or scratch is the most significant injury (code to Fungi, viruses, bacteria & parasites) or injuries that were as a result of coming into contact with venoms or poisons of animals (code to Poisonous plants and venomous creatures).
Includes:
  • Dog, shark, snake and other animal bites
  • Being rammed by sheep or cow
  • Cat scratches

2.5, 2.6 - Crushed by or between Objects

Classification: Crushed by or between objects
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 2.5, 2.6
Description: Where the operator is caught or trapped by equipment in operation or between a moving and a stationary object.
Includes:
  • Equipment and machinery with a pinch point
  • Roller or belt fed machines
  • Garbage or waste compactors
  • Crushed between a moving vehicle and a surface or stationary object

2.7 - Vibration

Classification: Vibration
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 2.7
Description: Where vibration from equipment and machinery can lead to injury
Includes:
  • Using jackhammers, chainsaws and other powered equipment
  • Vibration transmitted through the seat or other parts of vehicles

2.9 - Assault

Classification: Assault
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 2.9
Description: Deliberate kicks, bites, punches or pushes with or without a weapon. Note: where an incident involves the behaviour of work colleagues, unacceptable behaviour should be indicated.
Includes:
  • Any violence caused by staff, students, contractors or visitors

3 - Noise and Pressure

Classification: Noise and pressure
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 3
Description: Where noise and pressure can result in injury
Includes:
  • Exposure to single, sudden sound
  • Exposure to long-term sounds
  • Explosions (including being hit by moving objects as a result of an explosion)
  • Rapid compression or decompression which may result in altitude sickness or ‘the bends’

4.1, 4.2Muscular Stress from Moving  Objects (lifting, carrying, pushing etc)

Classification: Muscular stress from moving objects
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 4.1, 4.2
Description: Muscular stress as a result of lifting, carrying or putting down or otherwise handling objects
Includes:
  • Lifting or carrying that may result in stress fractures
  • Pushing or pulling objects
  • Throwing or pressing objects Continually shovelling

4.3, 4.4 - Muscular Stress from Awkward Posture or Repetitive Movements

Classification: Muscular stress from awkward posture or repetitive movements
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 4.3, 4.4
Description: Muscular stress as a result of repetitive or awkward bending down, reaching turning or twisting with little or no load
Includes:
  • Running
  • Working in cramped or unchanging positions
  • Continually twisting neck
  • Voice strain

5.1 - Hot Objects

Classification: Hot objects
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 5.1
Description: Contact with any object, machine or surface that is sufficiently hot as to potentially cause burns
Includes:
  • Direct contact with hot objects, fire and flames
  • Hot water and steam
  • Hot food and beverages

5.2 - Cold Objects

Classification: Cold Objects
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 5.2
Description: Contact with any object, machine or surface that is sufficiently cold as to potentially cause burns
Includes:
  • Direct contact with ice & snow
  • Objects that have been stored in a freezer
  • Contact with cryogenic materials and equipment such as liquid nitrogen

5.3, 5.4 - Environmental Heat or Cold

Classification: Environmental heat or cold
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 5.3, 5.4
Description: Where the ambient temperature of the workplace becomes a health concern
Includes:
  • Overly hot or cold office temperature
  • Exposure that may lead to sunstroke, heat exhaustion, or, dehydration

5.5 - Non-ionising Radiation

Classification: Non-ionising radiation
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 5.5
Description: Where non-ionising radiation becomes a health concern. Non-ionising radiation is defined as electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength of 100nm or greater.
Includes:
  • Sunburn
  • Welding flash, electric flash
  • Exposure to radiated heat
  • Exposure to bring light
  • Exposure strong magnetic fields
  • Exposure to long wave radiation (e.g. from powerlines)
  • Eye strain from visual display unit (e.g. CRT monitors)
  • Exposure to ultra-violet or infra-red radiation
  • Burns from lasers

5.6 - Ionising Radiation

Classification: Ionising radiation
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 5.6
Description: Where ionising radiation becomes a health concern. Ionising radiation is defined as electromagnetic or particulate radiation capable of producing ions directly or indirectly.
Includes:
  • Alpha, beta, gamma, cosmic, x-rays
  • Radiation from x-ray machines, fluoroscopes, and other radiation based equipment
  • Radiation from radioactive ores and substances

5.7 - Electricity

Classification: Electricity
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 5.7
Description: Where injury may result from contact with electricity
Includes:
  • All forms of electric current
  • All forms of static electricity

5.8 - Low Oxygen Environment (includes drowning)

Classification: Low oxygen environment (includes drowning)
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 5.8
Description: Where there is insufficient oxygen to sustain a person
Includes:
  • Immersion in water, feed systems or grain silos
  • Reduced oxygen concentration from displacement by a gas (e.g. evaporated liquid nitrogen)
  • Working at altitude

6.1 - Short-term Contact with Chemicals or Hazardous Substance

Classification: Short term contact with chemicals or hazardous substances
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 6.1
Description: Where contact with a chemical or substance results in an immediate injury
Includes:
  • Immediate allergic reactions to a substance.
  • Splash with acid.
  • Caustic or corrosive substances in the eyes.
  • Contact dermatitis.
  • Swallowing chemical substances.
  • Exposure to smoke from a bushfire, chemical fire, etc

6.2 - Long-term Contact with Chemicals or Hazardous Substances

Classification: Long term contact with chemicals or hazardous substances
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 6.2
Description: Where repeated contact or exposure to a chemical or substance has the potential to accumulate in the body and cause injury/illness over time (e.g. Cytotoxic) or where a single exposure can result in a long term contact due to the material having a long biological half-life
Includes:
  • Acquired allergic reactions.
  • Slow poisoning, as with lead or other heavy metals.
  • Long term inhalation of dust or fibres, as with asbestos fibres.
  • Exposure to cytotoxic chemicals

6.3, 6.4 - Poisonous plants and venomous creatures

Classification: Poisonous plants and venomous creatures
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 6.3, 6.4
Description: Where disorders may result from a reaction to substances introduced by bite or sting from venomous insects and marine life, or as a result of ingestion in the case of poisonous plants and animals
Includes:
  • Spider bites
  • Bee and other insect stings
  • Marine life (blue-ringed octopus, bluebottles, corals etc)

7.1 - Fungi, Viruses & Bacteria and Parasites

Classification: Fungi, viruses, bacteria & parasites
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 7.1
Description: Where disorders may result from contact with, or exposure to, fungi, viruses, bacteria & parasites. This code should be used where the disorder arose from exposure to a micro-organism from a bite such as from a mosquito that may result in disease such as Malaria, Ross River Fever or Dengue Fever
Includes:
  • Fungal invasions, for example Tinea
  • Viral, bacterial diseases
  • Infestations with lice, worms, tapeworms
  • Contact with, or exposure to, biological factors of unknown origin

7.2 - Human Bodily Matter (such as urine or blood)

Classification: Human bodily matter
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 7.2
Description: Where disorders may result from contact with, or exposure to, biological material of human origin. Biological material of human origin may include blood, saliva, urine, faeces, vomitus, etc)
Includes:
  • Contact with human bodily matter that contains transmissible diseases such as viral or bacterial diseases

8.1, 8.5, 8.6 - Experiencing or Witnessing Mental Stress Events (e.g. traumatic events)

Classification: Experiencing or witnessing mental stress events (e.g. traumatic events)
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 8.1, 8.5, 8.6
Description: Where psychological injury may result from the observation of an incident that threatened their life or safety, or that of others around them. For example incidents that might lead to post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Includes:
  • Witnessing a fatal or other accident
  • Suicide or attempted suicide
  • Experiencing or witnessing eating disorders where the workplace has contributed (e.g. Bulimia, Anorexia)

8.2, 8.4, 8.7, 8.8 - Psychological Harm as a Result of Workplace Violence, Unrealistic Work Demands, Harassment and Bullying

Classification: Psychological harm as a result of workplace violence, unrealistic work demands, harassment or bullying
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 8.2, 8.4, 8.7, 8.8
Description: Where psychological injury may result from work demands of various types and combinations that exceed the person’s capacity and capability to cope. Note: where an incident involves the behaviour of work colleagues, unacceptable behaviour should be indicated
Includes:
  • Victim of assault or threatened assault by a person or persons other than work colleagues
  • Victim of single act of assault or threatened assault by work colleagues
  • Victim or repetitive assault and/or threatened assault by a work colleague/s
  • Repetitive verbal harassment, threats, and abuse from a work colleague/s.
  • Victim of sexual or racial harassment by a person or persons including work colleague/s

9.2, 9.3 - Vehicle Incident (including rollover)

Classification: Vehicle incident (including rollover)
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 9.2, 9.3
Description: Where injury may result from the direct result of the use of a vehicle as a means of transport (including rail, road, water or air)
Includes:
  • Any incident on a private road, farm, mine site or footpath involving a vehicle where the most serious injury is sustained as a result of that incident
  • Vehicle catching on fire after incident
  • Any incident in a factory, mine or carpark involving a fall from a moving vehicle
  • Non-collision vehicle incidents caused by movement related to actions of the vehicle operator, whether appropriate or inappropriate
  • Vehicle rollovers

9.8, 9.9 - Other Mechanisms (only use this category if no other category applies)

Classification: Other mechanisms
Type: Mechanism of Injury
Code: 9.8, 9.9
Description: Where a mechanism of injury cannot be identified. This code should only be used as a last resort
Includes:
  • Where the most serious damage cannot be identified

Classification Category

Nature of Injury

Fear or Anxiety

Classification: Fear or Anxiety
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: A feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease about an uncertain outcome either before, during or after the situation occurs.
Includes:
  • terror
  • panic
  • agitation
  • dread
  • distress
  • worry
  • disrupted sleep

Confusion

Classification: Confusion
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: A state of being bewildered or unclear in one's mind about something.
Includes:
  • seeing or hearing things that are not there
  • unable concentrate
  • disorientation
  • loss of memory

Unconsciousness

Classification: Unconsciousness
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: Complete or near-complete lack of responsiveness or awareness of self, people and other environmental stimuli.
Includes:
  • Lack of responsivity to verbal command
  • Inability to talk and respond
  • Totally unresponsive to stimuli for any period of time.

Shaking or tremors

Classification: Shaking or tremors
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: Unintentional or involuntary muscle movement of one or more parts of the body.
Includes:
  • Rhythmic shaking
  • Difficulty writing, drawing or holding utensils

Loss of sensation

Classification: Loss of sensation
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: Any reduction or complete loss of sensation.
Includes:
  • Pins and needles
  • Numbness
  • Tingling

Pain

Classification: Pain
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pain has both physical (direct nerve stimulation) and emotional (the conscious appreciate of pain). Pain may be contained to a discrete area, as in an injury, or it can be more diffuse across a region.
Includes:
  • Burning pain
  • Sharp or stabbing pain
  • Aching pain
  • Throbbing pain
  • Crushing pain

Itching or irritation

Classification: Itching or irritation
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: Itchy skin, also known as pruritus, is an irritating and uncontrollable sensation that makes you want to scratch to relieve the feeling.
Includes:
  • Crawling sensation
  • A feeling of needing to scratch

Loss of movement

Classification: Loss of movement
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: A condition typified by a weakness or inability to move any part of the body (e.g. limbs).
Includes:
  • Inability to fulfil the full range of movement of any joint
  • Weakness in applying force (E.g. reduced grip, reduced ability to lift, etc)
  • Complete inability to move at all (e.g. paralysis)

Loss of primary senses (except touch)

Classification: Loss of primary senses (except touch)
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: Altered or loss of a primary sense except the sense of touch
Includes:
  • Hearing
  • Vision (including eye strain)
  • Balance (e.g. spinning sensation)
  • Smell
  • Taste

Feeling of being too hot or cold

Classification: Feeling of being too hot or cold
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: Difficulty regulating an appropriate body temperature
Includes:
  • Feeling too hot (e.g suffering from fever or environmental temperature to hot)
  • Feeling too cold (e.g. shivering from fever or environmental temperature to cold)

Breathing difficulties

Classification: Breathing difficulties
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: Discomfort or inability to draw a complete breath
Includes:
  • Wheezing
  • Difficult breathing
  • Uncomfortable breathing
  • Feeling like you are not getting enough air
  • Not breathing
  • Unusually rapid breathing

Nausea or vomiting

Classification: Nausea or vomiting
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often comes before vomiting. Vomiting is the forcible voluntary or involuntary emptying ("throwing up") of stomach contents through the mouth.
Includes:
  • Motion sickness or seasickness
  • Upset stomach

Bleeding

Classification: Bleeding
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: Bleeding is the name commonly used to describe blood loss or blood escaping from the circulatory system. It can refer to significant blood loss inside the body (internal bleeding) or significant blood loss outside of the body (external bleeding).
Includes:
  • Blood exiting a wound
  • Coughing up blood
  • Blood from the nose

Swelling

Classification: Swelling
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: Swelling is an abnormal enlargement of a part of the body with or without redness.
Includes:
  • Any temporary or prolonged enlargement
  • Bumps and lumps

Broken bone or dislocated joint

Classification: Broken bone or dislocated joint
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: Any part of the body that does not have the normal or expected shape. This often can be seen as visible misalignment, dislocation or breakage of bones and joints.
Includes:
  • Joint taken past range of movement and subsequently visibly dislocated
  • Visibly broken bones

Pus or discharge

Classification: Pus or discharge
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: Any thick yellowish or greenish opaque liquid that may be chunky in consistency, or have a foul odour.
Includes:
  • Phlegm
  • Infected tissues

Skin condition

Classification: Skin condition
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: Anything that interferes with the ability of the skin to perform its basic functions.
Includes:
  • Rashes
  • Blisters
  • Skin unable to heal properly
  • Dry and scaly skin
  • Bruising (minor internal bleeding)
  • Blotches and spots

Wounds

Classification: Wounds
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: An injury to living tissue caused by a cut, blow, or other impact, typically one in which the skin is cut or broken.
Includes:
  • Grazes to the skin
  • Cuts across the surface of the skin
  • Laceration

Amputation

Classification: Amputation
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: Amputation refers to the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery.
Includes:  

Fatality

Classification: Fatality
Type: Nature of Injury
Code: N/A
Description: An occurrence of death