- Do subjects and their verbs agree in number, particularly when a long or complex subject precedes the main verb?
- The lecturer, as well as some of the tutors, are planning a test.
- The lecturer, as well as some of the tutors, is planning a test.
- Are your verb tenses consistent?
- Is there a logical reason for you to change the tense?
- The present tense
is used for stating main points, stating a scientific fact, reporting
the position of a writer, and for making your own statements.
past tense is used to report or describe the contents, findings or
conclusions of past research or events. Using past simple would
suggest that a writer's research is not currently accepted.
- Have you used complete sentences?
- Sentence fragments lack a subject, a verb or both.
- Have you divided run-on sentences into two by using either a full stop or a semi colon?
- We can see changes but not learning itself, the concept is theoretical and hence not directly observable.
- We can see changes but not learning itself; the concept is theoretical and hence not directly observable.
Articles (a/an/the/zero article)
- Is the noun countable or uncountable, specific or general?
- Does the noun require an article, and if so, which one?
- Normally, uncountable nouns cannot be pluralised in English: e.g. information, evidence, advice, knowledge, public.
specific countable noun normally requires 'the', while a non-specific
one (one of many, not a particular one) would take 'a'.
- In Australia, a bill can only become a new law if it is passed by a majority vote in the House of Representatives and the Senate.
- Are components of your sentence grammatically equal? Are elements of your sentence, lists for example, made up of the same kinds of structures?
- The following actions were taken: advertising the product, improve quality control and bring the retail price down.
- The following actions were taken: advertising the product, improving quality control and bringing the retail price down.
- Have you over-used or under-used linking words?
- Do they provide clear links between sentences and paragraphs?
- For example, however, although, thus, as a result of, in comparison are some common linking words.
- Do pronouns refer clearly to an antecedent?
- If you leave the book on the table, you can take it after the class. Does the it refer to the table or the book?
- Have you used apostrophes correctly?
- Apostrophes show possession. For example: The company's after-tax profit fell in the second quarter of 2006.
- Contractions like it's and won't are rarely used in academic writing.
Spelling and capitalisation
- Have you spelt the same word in the same (correct) way throughout? E.g. targeted, operationalise, honour.
- Have you used capital letters consistently?
- Use the spellcheck on your computer, but be warned: it will not find everything, and it will give you American spelling unless you set it to UK or Australian spelling.