The School of Biological Sciences at Monash has a broad range of expertise and significant capability in biological invasions research, including nine academic staff members who work in this area. Taxonomically, researchers in the School have experience working on pathogens, marine and terrestrial invertebrates, including insect pests, birds, mammals and plants. Expertise includes the application of molecular techniques, physiology and ecophysiology to understand dispersal and transport pathways, adaptation to new environments and the climatic tolerances of alien and invasive species. Several researchers in the school use population and community approaches to understand the impacts and long-term consequences of multispecies invasions of natural landscapes, but also mixed land-use and production systems.
Additional expertise includes
- information science for biological invasions, including best practice approaches to collection, collation, listing and management of invasive species information;
- optimization approaches for directing investment in surveillance and control;
- the design and implementation of evidence-based management systems for the prevention and control of invasions in protected areas;
- the design of national systems for monitoring and reporting on trends in invasive species and the effectiveness of policy and management interventions and
- the development of both international and domestic policy and regulations for minimizing the rates and impacts of biological invasions
Evolutionary biology, invasion biology, behavioural ecology, conservation genetics, phylogenetics and phylogeography
13 years of research and research leadership experience; advisor on conservation issues to IUCN, New Zealand Department of Conservation, Lord Howe Island Board, Zoos Victoria, NSW Office of Environment and Heritage
Use of molecular markers to understand trade pathways, transport mechanisms, dispersal patterns, and the estimation of propagule pressure to inform biosecurity protocols. Evolution in invasive species. The effect of life history and behavioural traits on invasion success. Predictors of extinction risk, threatened species management.
Professor and Head of School
Ecology, environmental physiology, international and domestic biosecurity policy, terrestrial and marine environments
Research and research leadership >25 years; established and was inaugural director of the Centre of Excellence for Invasion Biology, South Africa; advisor to South African environment minister on biosecurity legislation; advisor to the Antarctic Treaty System, via SCAR, on conservation policy and regulation. Editorial boards of Antarctic Science, Biological Reviews, BMC Ecology, Current Opinion in Insect Science, Proceedings B, Polar Biology.
Research capability in population dynamics, environmental physiology, ecology and distribution modelling of invasive species and disease vectors, community ecology; policy development and implementation for managing biosecurity in global commons; development of national biosecurity legislation.
Avian pathogens, marine ecology, conservation biology
Research >10 years Consultant to various national agencies and industry partners on development and implementation of vertebrate monitoring programs. Past member of Torres Strait Regional Authority Technical Advisory Group. Considerable avian experience in international border zones with both PNG and Indonesia.
Patterns of disease transmission, prevalence and virulence, especially of avian parasites; avian malaria; MGEatory pathways of disease vectors and hosts. Development of avian monitoring programs for risk, threat and impact assessment. Assessment of Tropical Fire Ant impact on island biodiversity values.
Research >8 years; > 4 years working within conservation management agencies; research funding from state and Commonwealth management agencies for addressing priority research questions; provided expert advice to environmental management agencies.
Design, implementation and validation of invasive species management effectiveness evaluations, particularly in protected areas; identifying reintroduction sites for threatened species to maximise invasive predator control; translation of science into management, monitoring ecosystem condition; development of systems for the identification and surveillance of new and emerging threats to biodiversity; design of decision support tools and knowledge transfer systems that promote evidence-based decisions; expert elicitation of risk assessments and ecological thresholds; development and implementation of project prioritisation protocols.
Ecological genomics of plant invasion; crop and forest genomics; evolution of plant sexual systems
Research > 8 years
Investigation of evolutionary and molecular changes during biological invasion. Genetic approaches to controlling invasive species, including the use of selfish genetic elements as a strategy to control weeds and invasive plants. Genomic resource development and molecular evolution of weeds, forest trees and crops.
Ecology and conservation biology, Entomology
Research and research leadership >20 years; Conservation agency experience; Consultant to various national and international agencies on development of bio-monitoring systems; Lead the development and delivery of the Global Indicator of Biological Invasions for the Convention on Biological Diversity's 2010 Biodiversity Target; Member of the IUCN Invasive Species Specialist Group; Steering Committee Member of the Global Invasive Alien Species Information Partnership. Engagement with Parks Victoria and DEPI.
The development of assessment and monitoring systems for invasive alien species impacts and responses, including tracking the effectiveness of policy and management interventions; invasion ecology including quantifying patterns and impacts of invasion (plants and animals); priority setting for invasive species.
Community ecology and quantitative genetics in marine ecosystems
Research and research leadership 10 years. Member of the Scientific Advisory Committee to the Minister for the State Government of Victoria. Statistical consultant for CSIRO pest unit. Editor of Ecology Letters, Functional Ecology, Evolution and Oikos.
Has published on invasive-native species interactions, biotic resistance to invasions in coastal systems. Dispersal dynamics of marine invasive species using both direct estimation and molecular tools. Quantifying the impacts of invasive alien species in marine systems. Role of habitat modification in driving marine invasions. Biogeographical drivers of marine invasions worldwide.
Decision analysis for conservation management, invasion ecology, plant community ecology, ecological modelling
Research >13 years; working with practitioners to address invasive species management problems using quantitative tools. Advises Parks Victoria on management of invasive plant species in the Australian Alps.
Structured decision making and optimisation tools for improved conservation management. Optimal allocation of resources across quarantine and surveillance, Optimal and adaptive surveillance strategies for invasive plant species that account for imperfect detection.
Population biology of animals, molecular ecology, and ecological genomics.
Research and research leadership >20 years. Led programs on ecology, genetics and evolution of invasive insects and other arthropods. Invited participant in workshop setting CSIRO research agenda concerning evolution in biosecurity. Member of Australian Centre for Ecological Synthesis and Analysis working group integrating evolutionary and genetic processes in population viability analyses.
Research capability in mobility and gene flow of individuals and populations. Application of genetic approaches to understanding sources, population biology and evolution of invasive species. Research capability in reproductive mode variation and its interaction with the ecology and evolution of invasive insects. Molecular diagnoses of lineages of animals. 'Wildlife forensics'.