Gendered Impacts of SME policy responses to COVID-19 in South East Asia

Investing in Women commissioned staff from CDES at Monash University in 2021 to carry out research on the economic relief measures put in place during the pandemic. Governments, donor agencies, and development finance institutions developed fiscal and economic stimulus packages to support businesses impacted by the pandemic. With a strong focus on easing liquidity constraints, these measures have included: wage support, tax relief, debt moratoriums, loan guarantees, direct lending, grants, subsidies, policy reforms, and various other responses.