The Citarum Program is conducted through partnerships between Monash University and Universitas Indonesia with the Indonesian Government, communities and local NGOs. It aims to create clean, healthy and productive rivers and communities around the Citarum River by co-designing new infrastructure, behaviour programs, business models and institutions that seek to help communities move away from dumping or discharging waste into the environment, and shift towards circular solutions that recycle, remanufacture and reuse waste.

Intense field work was undertaken throughout 2022 to collect data for social, biophysical, and techno-economic research, and to integrate knowledge to create new research proposals for an international living lab on location in the upper Citarum river basin. With the reopening of international borders, the Monash team were able to return to the upper Citarum river basin, including visits with community and local government leaders at the riverside villages of Cibodas and Padamukti, where the living lab pilot will take place.

Citarum River Transformation Program

Other SDGs: 

SDG 3 Good Health and Well-Being SDG 11 Sustainable Cities and Communities

The Revitalising Informal Settlements and their Environments (RISE) program is utilising water sensitive technology innovation to transform quality of life across urban informal settlements in Indonesia and Fiji. Working with communities, governments, local leaders and partner institutions, RISE is co-designing location-specific solutions that integrate green infrastructure to strengthen the whole-of-life water and sanitation cycle.

During 2022, the RISE program completed its first large-scale settlement upgrade, covering more than 40 households at its demonstration site in Suva. Fijian Government representatives, program partners, and residents from the 12 participating communities gathered for a ceremony marking the handover of infrastructure to the community of Tamavua-i-Wai. The RISE partnership will assist Fiji achieve its target of 100 per cent of its population having access to safe and clean water over the next decade.


Water Sensitive Cities Australia (WSCA), a multidisciplinary research-to-practice partnership, is working with governments, academics, development agencies and technical experts in Thailand, Viet Nam, Cambodia and Lao PDR on the Resilient Urban Centres and Surrounds (RUCAS) program. This DFAT-funded program uses urban water management as a catalyst to promote nature-based solutions for climate resilient Mekong communities, environments and economies. In 2022, RUCAS conducted missions in each country, establishing national teams, and delivered knowledge exchange events to multidisciplinary stakeholders towards deepening knowledge and understanding of nature-based solutions. In addition, the WSCA team has been expanding its extensive suite of resources and tools to accelerate water-sensitive transition in cities, including piloting an accreditation training course for water practitioners to apply the tools.

Other SDGs: 

SDG 11 Sustainable Cities and Communities SDG 15 Life on Land SDG 17 Partnerships for the Goals