Monash University has undertaken a vast amount of work to develop an overarching strategy that encompasses deep energy efficiency measures within the existing estate, as well as voluntary certification standards (such as Passive House or Green Star) for new builds. Monash University is a signatory to the World Green Building Council’s (World GBC) Net Zero CarbonBuildings Commitment (2018). The Monash Design and Construction Standards (MDCS) outline the minimum environmentally sustainable design (ESD) standards, required for all refurbishments and new builds.