Temporary Migration and Family Violence
Chief Investigator and research contact: Associate Professor Marie Segrave
About the research
Monash University and the Monash Gender and Family Violence Prevention Centre are leading research in relation to the intersection of migration law and police, and family violence. Monash Gender and Family Violence Prevention Centre has led major research on temporary migration and family violence in Victoria
Family Violence and Temporary Visa Holders During COVID-19
Part of the Gender-based violence and help-seeking behaviours during the COVID-19 pandemic Research Portfolio
Australia, like many other countries worldwide, entered into a period of government directed lockdown on mid to late March 2020 due the COVID, which included stay-at-home orders and movement restrictions. Research shows that the home is the least safe environment for women and their children. In 2015 family violence was declared a ‘national emergency’ in Australia.
COVID-19 is exacerbating existing inequalities and other gendered implications are beginning to emerge (Milford & Anderson, 2020). There is important work to do to capture and share learnings on the specificity of the impact of pandemic, particularly the lockdown, for women and children experiencing family violence, as well identify if and how existing areas of insecurity escalated.
This project reviewed 100 cases of women who became clients of InTouch during the first Victorian lockdown (16 March to the end of May 2020) to map the specific challenges the pandemic and its flow on effects to women who hold temporary visas, and their children, experiencing family violence in Victoria.
The report details that the impact of COVID 19 and the associated policies pertaining to lockdown, restrictions and support mechanisms, has been to intensify the impact of the exclusion of temporary visa holders. The report findings highlight:
- Reflecting previous research (Segrave 2017) threats to deport and/or withdraw sponsorship were predominant. Seventy percent of perpetrators were Australian citizens or permanent residents. In 55 percent of cases women were threatened specifically with deportation, in 60 percent of cases threats to/withdrawing sponsorship were recorded.
- Over three quarters of the women in this study feared harm/death at the hands of their perpetrator.
- Financial and housing issues were significant under the conditions of COVID-19 lockdown and restrictions: women were seeking support to afford food and rental payments. Of those who were in the paid work force, 70 per cent lost their jobs.
- COVID-19 had a ricochet impact across access to support: processes that required documentation, signatures, independent verification, all were delayed and slowed because of closure of some services (eg libraries where many rely on access to computers, the internet and printers) and the other system delays (eg IVO hearings adjourned for many months) impacted the progress, for example, of applications to access the Family Violence Provisions to seek Permanent Residency.
- The Report highlights the need for immediate and long-term support for this group, who because of the visa they hold are afforded limited access to support and services under pre-COVID conditions and for whom the impact of COVID-19 has been significant.
This project sits within the broader Melbourne Experiment project under the Sustainable Development Theme Research Agenda 2020 and Cities Initiative at Monash University.
22 October, The Sydney Morning Herald
Bourke, L. (2020) 'Partner visa changes won't protect women: Expert who wrote report'
22 October, ABC News
Asher, N. (2020) ‘Advocates call for changes to protect women on temporary visas fleeing family violence’
13 October, The Sydney Morning Herald
Bourke, L. (2020) 'Australians to undergo domestic violence check to sponser overseas partner'
16 October, Star Journal
Kutchel, D. (2020) 'Study puts spotlight on family violence'.
Monash University Better Governance and Policy, Webinar blog
Naomi Pfitzner 'Structural inequality in the time of COVID-19: family violence, temporary migrants and housing'.
8 October, The Guardian
Taylor, J. (2020) ‘Australia's English test for partner visas could leave women at mercy of abusers, experts warn’.
24 September, SBS News
Truu, M. (2020) ‘An Australian-first analysis of case files from a domestic and family service provider in Victoria has revealed the impact of coronavirus on temporary migrants living with violence.’
24 September, The Conversation
Pfitzner, N. & Segrave, M. (2020) ‘If you call 000 … I will send you back to your country’: how COVID-19 has trapped temporary visa holders’
- Republished in Australia ProBono
2 April, Monash Lens
Segrave, M. & Maher, JM. (2020) Coronavirus: ‘Family violence and temporary migration in the time of COVID-19’.
24 May, ABC News Gleeson, H (2020) 'Domestic violence victims on temporary visas need urgent protections, experts warn'
27 May, Women's Agenda Segrave, M. (2020) 'The family violence crisis for women on temporary visas'
22 October 2020, ABC News VictoriaThe Victorian local ABC news contained coverage in response to a woman coming forward to speak about her experience of being locked out of support due to the visa she holds. The woman is now seeking protection. View on iview.
4 October 2020, ABC Weekend Breakfast
Michael Morris, CEO of inTouch Multicultural Centre Against Family Violence, spoke with Fauziah Ibrahim and Kathryn Robinson on ABC's Weekend Breakfast show about the Monash/inTouch research findings. The discussion focused on the sponsered intimate spousal visa program in Australia. Michal outlined the way the program can make women dependent on their initmate partners as well as how Australia's migration programcan be used as a form of family violence.