Women's Meaningful Participation in Peace
Partner Investigators: Amy Haddad & Sharon McIvor
Industry Partner: Department of Foreign Affair & Trade (DFAT)
Project Type: Australian Research Council’s Linkage Project Scheme
The three-year project, “Towards Inclusive Peace: Mapping Gender Provisions of Peace Agreements”, will investigate how peace agreements can advance women’s rights and participation after post-conflict and political transitions. Women’s participation in peace processes increases the likelihood of a successful peace agreement, but does it consolidate peace and lead to greater participation by women in the governance of the country? This project examines the relationship between women’s presence in the processes of peacemaking, the inclusion of women’s rights and gender provisions in peace agreements, and the outcomes for women’s participation in post-conflict governance of countries with successful peace agreements. Post-conflict and political transitions are major opportunities to advance women’s rights and participation: this project investigates how those opportunities can be harnessed and supported in implementation of peace agreements.
To view the project outputs, please visitin the Mapping Peace website.
Inclusive economies and enduring peace: the role of social reproduction (2019-2021)
Project Type: Monash Warwick Alliance Accelerator Grant
In the immediate aftermath of conflict, much of the labour to support households is carried out by women and girls, and as infrastructure deteriorates because of a lack of investment, the pressures on women’s health and well-being increase and their participation in public life decreases.
The state provisioning of social infrastructure at this time, via macroeconomic and social reform policies, often does not reflect the gender specific impacts of these policies. This leads to what has been called ‘depletion through social reproduction’, which occurs when the gap between the outflows —domestic, affective and reproductive labour — and the inflows — medical care, income earned and leisure time — falls below a threshold of biological, financial and affective sustainability.
Professor True, Monash University and Professor Rai, University of Warwick will lead a team from both institutions to pilot research which will explore the impact of social reproductive costs in the absence of a well-developed social infrastructure supporting women within households in the face of conflict and displacement. The pilot will clarify concepts, develop research networks on the ground, and help us ask better questions towards further research. It will also inform analysis of the challenges and the opportunities in times of transition from conflict for gender sensitive economic reform, taking seriously women’s agency and potential.
This project has the potential to transform models of post-conflict recovery and reform, shaping new policies and interventions for governments and international agencies that will contribute to lasting peace and inclusive economic prosperity.
- "The hidden work of post conflict recovery" by Jay Lingham & Melissa Johnston (openDemocracy, 2 Oct 2019)
- Female caregivers in war zones need recognition and support - new research (Sep 2019)
Mapping Women's Access to Justice in Asia and the Pacific: Bridging the Gap Between Formal & Informal Systems Through Women's Empowerment (2018-2019)
Funding Partner: UN Women
Professor Jacqui True (Monash) and A/Professor Sara Davies (Griffith) lead the project, which maps women's access to formal and informal justice systems when they experience violations of their rights in five countries in the Asia and Pacific region (Indonesia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Timor-Leste and Vanuatu). This project will also identify the main stakeholders engaged in facilitating access or providing services in the justice sector in order to incorporate their views and insights on the gaps between formal and informal systems and enhancing access to justice.
Gender Responsive Alternatives on Climate Change (2017-2019)
Funding Partner: Department of Foreign Affairs & Trade Gender Action Program with Action Aid Australia
This project seeks to address the global gendered impacts of climate change, recognising that women are often disproportionately impacted compared with men by climate change and related crises as a result of gender inequality in access to power and resources. Increasing evidence suggests that climate change is changing weather systems and is driving humanitarian disasters of an unprecedented scale. These disasters present increasing challenges for women living in poverty and exclusion. Without addressing power imbalances that render women either invisible or marginal in climate change policy and planning, women face a cycle of increased vulnerability.
This research collaboration represents a major innovation through the development of a gender-responsive framework to strengthen women’s voice and leadership in responding to climate change and related-crisis. This creates an opportunity to increase learning around how to ensure interventions targeting climate change and emergencies are transformative for long-term resilience and gender equality. The intention of the framework is not only to inform stakeholders on ways to better respond to the gender impacts of climate change in the short and medium terms, but to create an integrated and coherent approach to addressing women’s security that seeks to bridge the current fragmentation that exists across humanitarian, security and development agendas in policymaking and on the ground.
- 'Women's voices on climate change'. Interview: Dr Maria Tanyag, 3CR Radio, 7/3/18 (starts at 51:00, ends at 1:00:00).
Mobilising Young Women’s Leadership and Advocacy in the Asia Pacific (MYWLAP) (2016-2019)
Funding Partner: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade & World YWCA
This project will create a comprehensive database for the information gathered by YWCA, to monitor and evaluate the framework of the MYWLAP project’s effectiveness, and analyse MYWLAP’s ‘theory of change’ approach. It will also evaluate the successful elements of the model, as well as potential for improvements, and whether and how the program could be deployed effectively in other locations. The Young Women’s Leadership Project will focus on nine countries across the Asia Pacific: Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, the Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka and Thailand. Monash GPS and YWCA aim to fulfil several objectives including: to ensure young women are knowledgeable and skilled to lead a positive change in their community, through the sharing of information in human rights, sexual and reproductive health rights, violence against women and gender; and, to support young women in the Asia Pacific as a driving force in influencing women’s rights policies.
Key Findings from the Project: Empowering Young Women's Leadership in Asia and the Pacific (Video: November 2018)
Supporting Young Women's Leadership Workshop (Melbourne & Canberra, 10-13 October 2017)
- Blog: 'Advocacy Storytelling: Young Women Leaders as Emerging Film-makers' - Betty Barkha, Monash GPS Blog, 2 November 2017
- 'Young Women’s Leadership: Why it matters!' - Lesley Pruitt & Katrina Lee-Koo, Broad Agenda, 5 July 2017
- 'Human rights: The voice of youth' - Katrina Lee-Koo, Lowy Interpreter, 3 July 2017
- 'Youth Participation In The UN Human Rights Council' - Lesley Pruitt, Australian Outlook, 19 June 2017
Adolescent Girls in Crisis (2016-2019)
Partner: Plan International Australia
This project will draw together practitioner experience, scholarly research skills, and community engagement to generate research on the needs and capacities of adolescent girls in crisis. It uses a grounded, feminist research approach which centres the lived realities of adolescent girls as the primary site for building knowledge about the threats to their security, and how those threats should be addressed. As such, the project acknowledges both the vulnerability and agency of adolescent girls in crisis and looks for ways in which the humanitarian sector can support them. It will recommend programmatic responses to girls’ insecurity that addresses needs and responds to opportunities to support girls’ empowerment. Carefully navigating the ethical concerns surrounding working with adolescent girls in crisis, the research project will promote a safe, community-engaged approach that addresses immediate response and prevention.
The project will examine three case studies: the current crisis in South Sudan, the Rohingya refugee crisis in Bangladesh and the Lake Chad crisis (Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria).
- "Child, Early and Forced Marriage in the Lake Chad Crisis," Australian Outlook, 9 September 2018.
- "A life in fear: violence against adolescent girls," Lowy Interpreter, 31 August 2018
- "Listening to adolescent girls in times of ongoing crisis," Monash Lens, 24 August 2018.
- "Prioritising Education for Adolescent Girls in South Sudan," Australian Outlook, 14 June 2018.
- "What's driving the sky-high child marriage rates in South Sudan," The Conversation, 6 June 2018.
The Gender Dynamics of Security and Defense Sector Reform
Investigator: Eleanor Gordon
Project Type: Field-Based Research
This project draws from work as a practitioner and field research in post-conflict environments. This project explores the extent to which Security Sector Reform (SSR), specifically Defense Reform, and the subsequent security and defense structures, are responsive to the needs of both men and women and representative of them. The focus is on post-conflict environments where women engaged in large numbers in combat roles during the conflict, particularly in insurgent forces. This focus will help shed light on assumptions about a woman's place, skill set and aptitude (which tend to marginalize women in the defense sector and broader security sector) and how such assumptions shift between war and peace.
Gender after Conflict: Global Approaches to Incorporating a Gender Perspective in Post-conflict Environments (2015-2018)
Investigator: Katrina Lee-Koo
Project Type: Australian Research Council Discovery Project
A three-year ARC-funded Discovery Project led by Katrina Lee Koo Gender after Conflict examines the international community’s work to address the gendered politics of armed conflict in the transitional processes of establishing peace and security. Focusing on Australia and the Asia-Pacific region, the project asks how international initiatives such as the United Nations Women, Peace and Security agenda are adapted by states and NGOs to local, conflict-affected regions. It uses feminist methodologies to firstly examine the strengths and weaknesses of the UN’s agenda and its adaptation by major states like Australia, and secondly to analyse the impact of the agenda in the region as experienced by local women. The purpose of this research is to use this analyse to advance and better implement the goals of the WPS agenda.
The Post-Conflict Care Economy and Depletion of Women’s Labour
Project Type: Monash-Warwick Alliance Project
The project will develop new ways of thinking about household and community social reproduction and the challenges that women in particular face given their disproportionate labour caring and provisioning for others, critically analysing the intensifying costs of this labour in ‘post’-conflict contexts where people are often physically injured and mentally traumatised by war and forced militarization and economic and social infrastructures have often suffered irreparable damage. It will also consider what state and non-state networks might be mobilised to re-build the social infrastructures required to support those engaged in post-conflict care economies.
Gendered Agricultural Livelihoods in Post War Sri Lanka
Investigator: Samanthi Gunawardana
Project Type: Monash-Oxfam Partnership
In partnership with Oxfam Australia in Sri Lanka, this project examines rural women’s participation patterns in agricultural livelihoods. The objective of this participatory action research project is to examine constraints to women’s access to sustainable livelihoods and enhance more equitable participation and recognition of their contribution in post war Sri Lanka across three communities. It includes an analysis of how different forms of violence can hinder economic empowerment.
Rural Sri Lankan Women in Agriculture - Final report
Rural Sri Lankan Women in Agriculture - Executive Summary