I can understand enough to follow extended speech on abstract and complex topics beyond my own field, though I may need to confirm occasional details, especially if the accent is unfamiliar.
I can easily follow complex interactions between third parties in group discussion and debate, even on abstract, complex unfamiliar topics.
I can understand in detail a wide range of lengthy, complex texts likely to be encountered in social, professional or academic life, identifying finer points of detail including attitudes and implied as well as stated opinions.
I can argue a formal position convincingly, responding to questions and comments and answering complex lines of counter argument fluently, spontaneously and appropriately.
I can restate, evaluate and challenge contributions from other participants about matters within my academic or professional competence.
I can make critical remarks or express disagreement diplomatically.
I can follow up questions by probing for more detail and can reformulate questions if these are misunderstood.
I can give clear, detailed descriptions and presentations on complex subjects, integrating sub themes, developing particular points and rounding off with an appropriate conclusion.
I can communicate clearly detailed distinctions between ideas, concepts and things that closely resemble one other.
I can structure a longer presentation appropriately in order to help the audience follow the sequence of ideas and understand the overall argumentation.
I can write clear, well-structured texts of complex subjects, underlining the relevant salient issues, expanding and supporting points of view at some length with subsidiary points, reasons and relevant examples, and rounding off with an appropriate conclusion.
I can write clear, well-structured expositions of complex subjects, underlining the relevant salient issues.
|C1.2 Japanese communication in professional settings||I can understand a variety of speech used routinely in Japanese-language workplaces and I can recognise a wide range of idiomatic expressions and colloquialisms, appreciating register shifts. |
I can also identify the attitude of each speaker in an animated discussion characterised by overlapping turns, digressions and colloquialisms that is delivered at a natural speed.
I can understand a wide variety of texts including reports, newspaper or magazine articles, and specialised academic or professional publications, provided that there are opportunities for re-reading and he/she has access to reference tools, in order to describe and discuss Japanese approaches to work and professional interaction.
I can negotiate complex or sensitive transactions in public, professional or academic life in particular, in business institutions and organisations in a Japanese context, and I can participate fully in an interview, as either interviewer or interviewee, expanding and developing the point being discussed fluently without any support, and handling interjections well.
I can frame a discussion to decide a course of action with a partner or group, reporting on what others have said, summarising, elaborating and weighing up multiple points of view.
I can use spoken Japanese appropriate to professional contact situations and business institutions and organisations in a Japanese context.
I can give a clear, well-structured presentation of a complex subject, expanding and supporting points of view at some length with subsidiary points, reasons and relevant examples.
I can consciously adopt the conventions linked to the particular type of text concerned (structure, level of formality and other conventions) and I can write a suitable introduction and conclusion to a longer report on a complex academic or professional topic provided that the topic is within my field of interest and there are opportunities for redrafting and revision.
I can employ the structure and conventions of a variety of written genres, varying the tone, style and register according to addressee, text type and theme.
|C1.2 Japanese studies advanced: literature and film||I can understand most of the contents of a variety of audio-visual genres, such as Japanese TV programmes and movies. I can understand spoken lectures in Japanese about the thematic content of the unit and can understand presentations by my classmates.||I can read and understand Japanese literary prose and critical reviews of literary works with the assistance of dictionaries. In addition, I develop my ability to understand the cultural differences between English and Japanese and can adopt appropriate strategies for translating a Japanese literary work into English.||I continue to develop my ability to state my opinion logically, accurately and fluently in class discussions about the contents of the visual and reading materials studied in class. I can also ask questions concerning presentations made by my classmates.||I can give an oral presentation in Japanese based on the content of my group project (including a description and analysis of the literary work and justification of my translation choices). I can respond to questions from the audience.||I expand my ability to convey information from references and to state my opinions academically. I can write a 1,600-2,000 character essay about a Japanese literary work, utilising an appropriate academic writing style, including citation style.|
|C1.1 Japanese studies advanced: current issues||I can understand 15-20 min presentations by my classmates. I can also understand most of the contents of Japanese TV news reports of 10-20 minutes and Japanese film on relevant social issues.||I can understand academic (or specialised) books and papers (A4 5-20 pages) written for native speakers, if I use dictionaries and take sufficient time. I can scan sources for specific information and skim to get the gist of the content without using dictionaries.||I continue to improve accuracy and fluency in my speaking skills in order to take part in class discussions, and to state my opinions based on the analysis of resources. I can also ask questions concerning presentations made by my classmates.||I can present a logical argument based on qualitative and/or qualitative data in class activities as well as in a 15-minute mid-semester presentation and 20-minute end-of-semester presentation. I can utilising an academic speech style, register and expressions for the presentations. I can present using my writing to coherently structure my presentation materials.||I can structure an academic paper written in Japanese with a word cound of 3000-6000 characters. I can summarise the work of others, faithfully representing said work. I can write in an academic register. I can correctly and consistently cite Japanese sources.|