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Creating 20-minute resilient neighbourhoods and building community connectedness in Melbourne’s outersuburban growth areas
Situated in Wyndham City Council with a large migrant population growth corridor, 20-minute Neighbourhoods seeks to encourage strong communities by involving community members in the urban design of their neighbourhood. The project has two components; the first is to work with stakeholders to encourage social connectivity and cohesion in residential development through evidence-based approaches. The second is to undertake longitudinal research to examine the effectiveness of the implemented community building strategies and their impact on communities’ resilience, before replicating and scaling successful models.
This project applies expertise in participatory mapping, data analysis and visualization, and digital storytelling, to develop collaborative work with secondary schools and community organisations in Prato, one of the most multiethnic cities in Italy. Through a series of collaborative workshops, the project will produce an open source, multilayered and interactive digital mapping of Prato, which will provide an original interpretation of the city from the many perspectives of its youth, through geo-localised stories, photographs, artefacts and testimonies produced directly by school students. This project promotes digital participatory action research with culturally diverse communities as an effective response to the xenophobic content that easily spread on social media and in public discourse.
This project is supported by a National Geographic Society grant and will be conducted by Rita Wilson, Francesco Ricatti and Matteo Dutto, in collaboration with European scholars at Aalborg University and Human Ecosystems Relazioni. For more information, contact Francesco Ricatti.
Enhancing inclusiveness in the context of border fortification
Lead by Associate Professor Leanne Weber, this research program explores the construction of internal borders that are sometimes aimed at physically excluding unwanted populations from Australia, and at other times are designed to keep subordinate groups in their place. Through a series of situated case studies, the project will explore the role played by race, place and inequalities in citizenship in maintaining these boundaries, and identify strategies for enhanced inclusiveness in the face of rapid global change.
Understanding beyond-life choices in culturally and religiously diverse Australia
Dr Helen Forbes-Mewett is taking a leading role in this project (with Associate Professor Gil-Soo Han), working with the Southern Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust (SMCT) and the Victorian Government Cemeteries and Crematoria Regulation Unit, Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). This project is designed specifically to provide new insights that will underpin the future planning and policy of both SMCT and DHSS and contribute to the social cohesiveness of Australia’s culturally diverse population by enabling desired beyond-life choices relating to funerals and memorialisation. The project team has a specific interest in advancing understandings of Baby Boomers, Christians and other Culturally Diverse groups. The project will gather information about their perceptions, experiences and plans regarding end-of-life decisions and funerary practices. Using a combination of questionnaires and interviews, the project will canvas the opinions and experiences of a diverse range of communities.
Measuring and monitoring business efforts to address Modern Slavery in supply chains
Associate Professor Marie Segrave is leading a team of researchers across Australia to be at the forefront of efforts to measure and monitor the impact of company efforts to address Modern Slavery in their supply chains, as per the proposed Modern Slavery Bill. This is a significant opportunity to build research partnerships with Industry and to lead nationally and internationally by developing accountability for business efforts to address labour exploitation.
Housing affordability is declining in Australia. According to the Reserve Bank, over the past 30 years, the ratio of housing prices to income has increased substantially. This project aims to develop a new tool to measure housing and transport affordability in Australia, with Melbourne metropolitan selected as the pilot study area. Housing affordability is traditionally measured using the percentage of income spent on housing costs. As a common rule, households who spend more than 30% of their income on housing costs while earning in the bottom 40% of the income range are considered to be under housing stress. An important cost that is usually overlooked in measuring affordability is the transport or accessibility costs.
Funded by the Marsden Fund Grant, Royal Society of New Zealand this project examines the relationship between education, migration and development in the Pacific. Educating is a pathway both to development and emigration. This project asks, can small island states have it both ways? Contact Alan Gamlen for more information.
This project studies how nation and migration relate in an age of increasing temporary and circular migration. It examines migration patterns, drivers and governance across NZ's mobility system. It is funded by the Rutherford Discovery Fellowship, Royal Society NZ. Contact Alan Gamlen for more information. He is the Associate Investigator working with PI John Overton on this project.
This is a study commissioned by the Australian Fair Work Ombudsman to be conducted by Alan Gamlen, Alexander Reilly and Joanna Howe. It will examine the interaction of international students with the Fair Work Ombudsman. Contact Alan Gamlen for more information. He is the Associate Investigator working with PI Francis Collins on this project.
This project explores the impact of labour market exclusion on the masculinity of young Islamic migrant men in the city of Melbourne, Australia, and whether this exclusion is related to Muslim’s over-representation in the state’s prison system. Through a series of interviews with this cohort, the project aims to engender a greater understanding of the relationship between culturally sanctioned avenues of performing masculinity, systemic Islamophobia and young Islamic migrant men’s experience of social inclusion. In doing so, the project contributes to understandings of the intersections between age, religion, class and gender, and the coping strategies born of these connections. Contact Joe Collings-Hall for more information. He is the co-author, along with Associate Professor Rebecca Wickes on this project.
Wyndham City Council’s vision is for a more welcoming, better connected Wyndham where local people can find opportunity.
The Council aims to achieve this by providing an integrated program for new arrivals, humanitarian migrants and asylum seekers to expand their networks and build their careers.
The evaluation is multi-scalar and considers the inter-connectedness and complexity of Wyndham City Council’s (WCC) strategic initiatives to improve social and economic inclusion in the Wyndham Municipality (WM), including during times of crisis with the event of COVID-19 from March 2020. This approach will involve the evaluation of WCC policies and engagements both before and during COVID-19; the evaluation of the efficacy of the Social and Economic Inclusion Taskforce (SEIT) in their capacity to build networks and promote social and economic inclusion in Wyndham Municipality; and an outcomes evaluation of the WCC Flagship economic and social inclusion project: The Fresh Start Employment Program (FSEP). The evaluation will concentrate on the central goal of the Social and Economic Inclusion Program, ‘to enhance the culture of social and economic inclusion in the Wyndham Municipality’.
This study was conducted in 8 ASEAN countries of transit and destination, exploring the mechanisms in place to support women migrant workers’ access to essential services. The data collected in this study will be utilised to support front-line service providers and increase their capacity to respond to the needs of women migrants who experienced violence and trafficking.
The Safe and Fair programme incorporates the objective of ‘leaving no one behind’ established in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable development.
Encouraging migrants to move to regional Australia is often viewed as a ‘win-win’ scenario for receiving communities, local economies, and migrants themselves. However, Australia’s regions differ greatly in terms of their social and economic characteristics. Realising the benefits of regional settlement requires careful planning, knowledge of what works, and close collaboration between key stakeholders. To this end, Welcoming Cities has partnered with Monash University’s Migration and Inclusion Centre (MMIC) to review the evidence on migrant settlement in regional Australia. This research, supported by Multicultural Affairs Queensland, identifies the key services, opportunities and resources needed to help new migrants settle well, with a focus on four priority locations in regional Queensland: Rockhampton, Sunshine Coast, Central Highlands and Southwest Queensland. An initial evidence review has been developed which includes guidance on the key success factors of regional settlement. The next phase of the research will involve a detailed analysis of the four priority regions, examining demographic, economic, and service provision conditions in each site, and developing a readiness assessment methodology. The project is being conducted in consultation with Welcoming Cities, Queensland state government, local government stakeholders and community representatives in regional Queensland.
South Sudan's civil conflicts, economic crisis and political fragmentation continue. Diaspora communities around the world – numbering in the hundreds of thousands – are engaged on a daily basis with this situation: via social media, remittances for family and funding of organisations, and through regular visits or work in the region. This engagement appears to financially and practically underpin the survival and organisation of many families, civil organisations, and armed groups.
The Rift Valley Institute's Diaspora Impacts Project (DIP) aims to fill a vital knowledge gap on the networks and systems of this diaspora. It focuses on the Australian South Sudanese community, and the mechanisms through which they may influence South Sudan's current civil war. The impact, credibility and use of this digital, financial, and practical engagement within South Sudan are very poorly understood. The project builds on a scoping study that was commissioned early in 2017 by the Australian Embassy to Ethiopia and South Sudan.
Working with the Universities of Juba and Monash, the research project is designed to provide grounded knowledge of the real impacts of Australia-based diaspora engagement within the country. It actively engages the Australian-South Sudanese community both in Juba and in Melbourne in research and reflection.
Gil-Soo Han and Helen Forbes-Mewett, assisted by William Wang and in cooperation with the Southern Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust (SMCT).
This project explored the case of Chinese immigrants in Melbourne in terms of funeral rites and memorialisation. The study provided an understanding of the participants' level of acculturation and sense of belonging, and how the host society responded in terms of social inclusion.
Improving police engagement with local communities with large migrant populations
Associate Professor Rebecca Wickes is leading a team from the Monash School of Social Sciences to assess the effectiveness of the Victorian Government’s Community Safety Networks Project to provide evidence and recommendations for improving police engagement with local communities. The recommendations from the evaluation will be incorporated into Victoria Police future strategic planning for improving community engagement in diverse communities with large migrant populations.
Creating new and innovative ways for police to work successfully with the community
Led by Associate Professor Rebecca Wickes, the Social Cohesion Partnership Project (SCPP) Evaluation will provide Victoria Police with a setting to identify new and innovative ways of working with the community. The SCPP is designed to strengthen the Victoria Police community engagement infrastructure to enable early identification of emerging issues, and provides Victoria Police with an opportunity to engage with communities that are not known to actively or regularly engage with Police.
An evidence-based approach to migration in regional Queensland
Associate Professor Rebecca Wickes is working with Welcoming Cities and the Queensland State Government to identify the critical factors for successful migrant settlement for different migrant groups. This research will inform Queensland Government policy and will develop a set of standards and indicators for advancing migrant settlement across regional contexts with differing levels of employment, education and housing opportunities.
Growing up South Sudanese in Victoria after the 2016 Moomba ‘riot’
In the aftermath of the 2016 Moomba 'riot', Victoria's political agenda has been driven by crime control and responses to alleged 'ethnic gangs' in operation in Melbourne suburbs. In particular, negative media attention has focused on South Sudanese youth, impacting their daily lives by encouraging stigmatisation, over-policing and social exclusion.
In associated with the Centre for Multicultural Youth and colleagues at the University of Melbourne, this project aims to explore these topics in relation to broader concerns about changing attitudes towards multiculturalism and the implications this may have for social cohesion. This research will provide young people and their parents/guardians with an opportunity to share their experiences of stigmatisation and prejudicial racism in the aftermath of the 'riot'. These voices have been largely marginalised by the media which has frequently portrayed young people from the South Sudanese community as a 'problem group' in the aftermath of this event.
MMIC is conducting a survey on social inclusion in Melbourne communities. This survey looks to better understand views of everyday life, focusing on relationships with fellow residents, interactions with neighbours and the challenges that might exist in some communities. Findings from the survey will be used to improve the quality of social cohesion in Melbourne communities.