Community resilience & cohesion
This theme focuses on the settlement context and the short and long-term consequences of increased immigration. It will advance research initiatives and policy and practice innovation on issues relating to settlement and social inclusion in urban and regional areas in Australia and internationally, looking at:
- The spatial concentration of immigrant groups and consequences for the economic and social life of urban and regional communities
- Temporal changes in social relationships, attitudes and social actions in communities experiencing increases in diversity and/or immigrant concentration; and
- Negotiating settlement in Australia for new arrived immigrants.
The research generated within this theme informs and drives local and national policy and practice by identifying the factors that impede or facilitate successful settlement and social inclusion across a range places and migrant groups.
Wickes, R, Grossman, M, Forbes-Mewett, H, Arunachalam, D, Smith, J, Skrbis, Z, Dellal, H & Keel, C 2020 'Understanding the context of racial and cultural exclusivism: A study of Melbourne neighbourhoods', Social Cohesion Research Grants Program, Victorian Department of Premier and Cabinet.
Wickes, R, Zahnow, R, Corcoran, J & Hipp, J. R 2019, 'Neighbourhood social conduits and resident social cohesion', Urban Studies, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 226-248.
Hipp, J.R & Wickes, R 2018, 'Problems, perceptions and actions: An interdependent process for generating informal social control', Social Science Research, vol. 73, pp.107-125.
Wickes, R, Broidy, L & Hipp, J.R 2018, 'Responding to Neighborhood Problems: Is the Division of Community Labor Gendered?', Crime & Delinquency, vol. 64, no. 9, pp.1215-1241.
Wickes, R & Hipp, J.R 2018, 'The spatial and temporal dynamics of neighborhood informal social control and crime', Social Forces, vol. 97, no. 1, pp. 277–308.
Zahnow, R, Wickes, R, Taylor, M & Corcoran, J 2018, 'Community social capital and individual functioning in the post-disaster context', Disasters, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 261-288.
Zahnow, R, Mazerolle, L, Wickes, R & Corcoran J 2018, 'Living near violence: How proximity to violence shapes perceptions of police effectiveness and confidence in police', Journal of Environmental Psychology, vol 53, pp. 138-144.
Ratnam, C., Wickes, R. Powell, R. and Keel, C. 2020 'Towards active engagement: Understanding how organisations are using technology to connect with diverse groups during COVID-19' Monash Migration and Inclusion Centre, Monash University. September 2020.
Lee, M, Jackson, J & Wickes, R 2020, 'Social Cohesion and Pro-Social Responses to Perceptions of Crime: Victoria report'
van Kooy, J, Wickes, R & Ali, A 2020, 'Planning for Welcoming & Inclusive Communities: Guidelines for regional growth', Funded by the Queensland Government through Multicultural Affairs Queensland and supported by Welcoming Australia through the Welcoming Cities initiative. Commissioned Project. https://doi.org/10.26180/5e670a59bce2b.
Wickes, R, Grossman, M, Forbes-Mewett, H, Arunachalam, D, Smith, J, Skrbis, Z, Dellal, H & Keel, C 2020 'Understanding the context of racial and cultural exclusivism: A study of Melbourne neighbourhoods' Social Cohesion Research Grants Program, Victorian Department of Premier and Cabinet.
van Kooy, J, Wickes, R & Ali, A 2019, 'Welcoming Regions', Funded by the Queensland Government through Multicultural Affairs Queensland and supported by Welcoming Australia through the Welcoming Cities initiative, Commissioned Project.
Wickes, R, van Kooy, J, Powell, R, & Moran, C 2019, 'The social impacts of family separation on refugee settlement and inclusion in Australia', Research undertaken as part of Oxfam-Monash Partnership.
Forbes-Mewett, H, Wickes, R, Markus, A & Nguyen, K 2018, 'International Students in Australia: A literature review of key issues over the last 20 years', Scanlon Foundation, this included employment, housing, education, language, among other major concerns, Commissioned Project.
Wickes, R, Forbes-Mewett, H, Markus, A, Keel, C & Powell, R 2018, 'Chinese and Indian Migration and Belonging in Australia. Commissioned Project', Scanlon Foundation.
Lee, M, Jackson, J & Wickes, R 2020, 'Social Cohesion and Pro-Social Responses to Perceptions of Crime: Victoria report'. Research Paper, University of Sydney.
Ratnam.C, Powell, R, Keel C, & Wickes, R 2020, 'The role of technology to facilitate and support intercultural engagement', MMIC Research Brief 1, May 2020.
Powell, R, Wickes, R & Segrave, M 2020, 'COVID-19: Migrant visa holders and the pain of family separation in a time of coronavirus', Monash Lens, 28 April 2020.
Wickes, R, and Piquero, A 2020, 'Hi, neighbour: The dynamics that shape Melbourne's inter-ethnic relationships', Monash Lens, 7 April 2020.
Featured projects View
Led by MMIC Director, Professor Rebecca Wickes, with colleagues from Deakin University, Australian Catholic University and the Australian Multicultural Foundation, this project resulted in the report ‘Understanding the context of racial and cultural exclusivism: A study of Melbourne neighbourhoods’.
Find out more about this research project here.
This project aims to identify the temporal, spatial and contextual elements that influence citizen initiated crime prevention action.Taking an interdisciplinary approach and applying a cutting edge methodology, it will be the first study to consider the capacity and availability of capable guardians and their intersection with the environmental contexts they frequent.
The project will generate new knowledge on the resources needed to ensure ordinary citizens can effectively respond to problems when and where they occur. Given the enormous costs of crime to society, the expected outcomes of this project will lead to the development of economically efficient and practical community crime prevention programs that benefit the wider community.
Read more here.
The Monash Migration and Inclusion Centre (MMIC) has been nominated by Welcoming Cities, to be a preferred external assessor of local councils who submit their applications for accreditation against the Welcoming Cities Standards.
This project was to conduct the Welcoming Standards Accreditation Assessment to determine the status of the City of Greater Bendigo local council in terms of celebrating setting and achieving targets across its full range of services and partnerships against the criteria set by the Standards. A review of the Welcoming Standards Accreditation Assessment from the City of Greater Bendigo experience was also conducted.
Researchers at the Monash Migration and Inclusion Centre (MMIC) and BehaviourWorks at Monash University have successfully secured funding to examine effective initiatives to combat racism and prejudice, and strengthen community resilience.
Social scientists have long struggled to figure out how to reduce intergroup prejudice. There is a need for practical ways of building empathy for immigrants among the population to create socially inclusive communities. A study recently published in Science found that brief conversations between canvassers and participants had a significant impact on reducing short- and long-term transphobia. Building on methods employed by the Science study, Monash researchers seek to reduce levels of xenophobia in the community through empathetic contact with local residents living in Melbourne.
Based on the findings, the research team hopes to identify the mechanisms associated with reducing socially harmful attitudes and contribute towards the development of scalable, cost-effective interventions to reduce ethnic intolerance across communities. This means that non-governmental organisations and activists can easily utilise this strategy to make local communities more welcoming and inclusive of diverse groups. In the face of rising intolerance, such evidence-based solutions offer a valuable opportunity to enhance community resilience.
This project will provide significant and novel insights into neighbourhood contexts. Using interviews and digital maps, this study will collect data from residents located in 9 different neighbourhoods in Greater Melbourne. These interviews will provide rich accounts of neighbourhood life, that will allow the research team to examine what kinds of relationships and connections protect against or encourage ethno-racial cohesion, conflict, or vilification, the actions residents take in response to ‘everyday’ ethno-racism, and how they might differ across the different neighbourhood contexts.
For more information about this project, contact: firstname.lastname@example.org