Governing human migration and mobility
Once a second-order policy issue in most countries, migration has risen to the top of the political and policy agenda at all levels of government. The most pressing impacts of human migration are generally experienced in and around major cities in the form of increasing diversity, which local and municipal governments must factor into planning as they seek to make places more liveable. Managing cross-border migration is central to the sovereignty of nation-states, and the politics of migration now frequently drive electoral outcomes in both destination and origin countries. At the multilateral level, migration has long been called the ‘missing regime’, but recent years have seen rapid evolution towards more coherent forms of regional and global migration governance. These local, national, regional and global levels of migration and mobility governance intersect, creating a complex labyrinth of opportunity structures for people on the move. This research theme is concerned with studying the drivers, dynamics and impacts of the multilevel systems in place for governing human migration and mobility. A central element of our approach is to use mixed research methods, including developing innovative techniques for geospatially analyzing and visualizing multidimensional data on migration, mobility, diversity, and related policies and governance procedures.
Gamlen, A 2019, Human Geopolitics: Emigrants, States and the Rise of Diaspora Institutions, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Gamlen, A., 2020, 'International migration and the 2020 pandemic: The end of an age? In Time for a re-set: implications for migration policies arising from COVID-19. Geneva: International Organization for Migration.
Overton, J., Stupples, P., Murray, W.E., Gamlen, A. and Palomino‐Schalscha, M. (2020), Learning journeys: Five paradigms of education for development. Asia Pacific Viewpoint, vol. 61, pp. 366-380. doi:10.1111/apv.12283
Trung-Nguyan, K, Forbes-Mewett, H & Arunachalam, D 2020, 'Social Support from Bonding and Bridging Relationships in Disaster Recovery: Findings from a Slow-onset Disaster', International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, vol. 46.
McIntyre, C & Gamlen, A 2019, 'States of belonging: How conceptions of national membership guide state diaspora engagement', Geoforum, doi:10.1016/j.geoforum.2019.03.004.
Markus, A. B & Arunachalam, D 2018, 'Australian public opinion on asylum', Migration and development, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 435-447.
Gamlen, A 2019, 'Crises of migration in crises of capitalism', in T. Vickers (ed.), Borders, Migration and Class in an Age of Crisis: Producing Workers and Immigrants.
Gamlen, A 2019, 'Why engage diasporas?', in R. Cohen, & C. Fischer (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Diaspora Studies (pp. 302-310). Abingdon Oxon UK, Taylor & Francis, https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315209050.
Gamlen, A & Mudaliar, L A 2019, 'Studying the climate-change-migration nexus', in S Nash (ed.), Recalling decisions past: Improvising a policy framework on migration and climate change, Bristol University Press.
Wickes, R, Grossman, M, Forbes-Mewett, H, Arunachalam, D, Smith, J, Skrbis, Z, Dellal, H & Keel, C 2020 'Understanding the context of racial and cultural exclusivism: A study of Melbourne neighbourhoods' Social Cohesion Research Grants Program, Victorian Department of Premier and Cabinet.
Arunachalam, D., Smith, J, Waite, C, Lohm, D; Saberi, M, 2018, 'Housing and Transport Affordability in Melbourne: Insights from Qualitative Fieldwork'. Prepared for the Lord Mayor Charitable Foundation, https://doi.org/10.26180/5f6973a21cfd8
Gamlen, A 2020, 'Migration and Mobility after the 2020 Pandemic: The End of an Age?', Centre on Migration, Policy and Society Working Papers, University of Oxford.
Featured projects View
The nursing workforce in Australia is highly multicultural. In fact, Australia relies on its overseas nurses to provide experience, skills and fill vacancies in a sector that is predicted to grow rapidly in line with the aging population and population growth. However, what are the implications for these overseas nurses of coming to work in Australia? Are their expectations met in terms of career progression, how do they feel they are treated in the health care system and do any of them regret their decision? Moreover, are there perceived differences in the experiences of nurses from so- called developing economies that are working in Australia as compared to those from countries like the UK and the US/Canada?
Using the case study of Indian nurses in Australia, this research investigates the experience of Indian nurses in Australia with a view to addressing these questions and ascertaining whether more could be done to make these nurses represent feel more highly valued.
Most research in Australia has measured housing affordability in terms of housing cost as a proportion of household income. We adopted a new measure that combined housing cost with transportation cost. This new measure showed that many suburbs which seemed affordable on housing costs alone became unaffordable when transport costs were taken into account.
In this report we provide insights gained from employing a qualitative approach to explore the lived meanings and consequences of housing and transportation costs. We investigate the combined impacts of housing and transportation costs, as well as the residential and lifestyle choices, trade-offs and adaptations that people make. For this purpose, we selected three outer fringe suburbs for this study Pakenham, Dandenong and Craigieburn. Housing in these suburbs was cheaper, but living in these suburbs entailed significant transport costs, both financial and non-financial. We carried out in-depth face-to-face interviews with over 70 respondents across the three suburbs.