Research on current imprisonment and confinement practices including remand, detention, prisons, and pre-release preparation.

Recent Publications


Crewe, B. and Laws, B. (2018) ‘Subcultural adaptations to incarceration’, in J. Wooldredge and P. Smith (eds) The Oxford Handbook on Prisons and Imprisonment. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Halsey, M. and Deegan, S. (2015) Young Offenders: Crime, Prison, and Struggles for Desistance, London: Palgrave.

Ludlow, A. (2015) Privatising Public Prisons: Labour Law and the Public Procurement ProcessOxford: Hart Publishing.


Eriksson, A. and Flynn, C. (Eds.) (2015) ‘Making the invisible visible: Responding to children of prisoners’, Law in Context (32): Federation Press.


Abbott, L (2015) ‘A Pregnant Pause: Expecting in the Prison Estate’, in L. Baldwin. (Ed.), Mothering Justice: Working with Mothers in Criminal and Social Justice, Waterside Press.

Andrew, J. and Baker, M. (2018) 'The Real Cost of Prison Reform: The Case of Privatisation in Victoria', in D. Cahill and P. Toner (Eds.) Wrong Way: The Real Cost of Economic Reform, Sydney: Black Inc.

Baldry, E. (2017) ‘People with multiple and complex support needs, disadvantage and criminal justice systems: 40 years after the Sackville Report’, in B. Edgeworth, A. Durbach & V Sentas (Eds.) Law and Poverty: 40 years after the Sackville Report. Federation Press.

Bosworth, M. (2016) ‘Immigration Detention, Ambivalence and the Colonial Other ‘, in A. Eriksson (Ed.), Punishing the OtherRoutledge.

Bosworth, M. & Turnbull, S. (2015) ‘Immigration Detention and the Expansion of Penal Power in the United Kingdom’, in K. Reiter & A. Koenig. (Eds.) Extreme Punishment: Comparative Studies in Detention, Incarceration and Solitary Confinement. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Bosworth, M. and Turnbull, S. (2015) ‘Immigration Detention, Punishment, and the Criminalization of Migration’, in S. Pickering and J. Ham (Eds.) The Routledge Handbook on Crime and International Migration, 91-106. Abingdon: Routledge

Bosworth, M, Hasselberg, I and Turnbull, S (2015) ‘Imprisonment in a Global Age: Rethinking Penal Power’, in Y. Jewkes, B. Crewe & J. Bennett. (Eds.), Handbook of Prisons. Sage Publications.

Eriksson, A. (2015) ‘Revisiting penal excess and exceptionalism: The view from inside’, in H. Tubex & A. Eriksson. (Eds.) The aims and purposes of prison research.

Green, D.A. (2016) 'The re-humanization of the incarcerated Other: Bureaucracy, distantiation, and American mass incarceration', in A. Eriksson (Ed.) Punishing the Other (pp. 87-130). London: Routledge.

Johnsen, B. (2018) ‘Movement in the prison landscape: Leisure activities – inside, outside and in-between’, in E. Fransson, F. Giofre & B. Johnsen. (Eds.) Prison Architecture and Humans. Oslo: Callelen Damm.

McCausland, R. & Baldry, E. (2017) ‘Women Offenders’. In J Ireland, M. Fisher, N. Gredecki & C Ireland (Eds.) International Handbook on Forensic Psychology, in prisons and secure settings. Taylor & Francis.

Spivakovsky, C. (2016) ‘Australasian Prisons’. In Jewkes, Y., Bennett, J., and Crewe, B. Handbook on Prisons, Second Edition. Routledge: London.

Pratt, J. (2016) ‘The fall and rise of preventive detention’. In C. Michaelsen (Ed.), Punishing Risk, Oxford: Hart (in press).

Pratt, J. (2016) ‘Immobilization in the age of mobility: sex offenders, security and the regulation of risk’, in A. Eriksson (Ed.), Punishing the Other, Oxford: Routledge, 208-229.

Turnbull, (2017) 'Immigration Detention and Punishment', in: (ed.) Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ugelvik, T. (2017) ‘Food in Prison’, in Kerley (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Corrections. Wiley-Blackwell.

Ugelvik, T. (2017) ‘Corrections in Norway’, in Kerley (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Corrections. Wiley-Blackwell.

Ugelvik, T. (2015) ‘Global Prison Ethnography’, in D.H. Drake, R. Earle and J. Sloan (Eds.), Palgrave Handbook of Prison Ethnography. Basingstoke: Pagrave Macmillan

Vannier, M. (2016) ‘A Right to Hope? Life imprisonment in France’, in D. van Zyl Smit & C. Appleton (Eds.) Life Imprisonment and Human RightsHart Publishing.


Baldry, E., Carlton, B. & Cunneen, C. (2015) ‘Abolitionism and the paradox of penal reform in Australia: colonialism, context, cultures and cooption’Social Justice, Vol 41(3): 168-89.

Bartlett, T. & Eriksson, A. (2018). How fathers construct and perform masculinity in a liminal prison spacePunishment and Society. Advance Access.

Bosworth, M., Hasselberg, I. and Turnbull, S. (2016) ‘Punishment, Citizenship and Identity: An Introduction‘. Criminology & Criminal Justice, Vol 16(3), pp. 257-266

Crewe, B., Hulley, S. and Wright, S. (2017) ‘The Gendered Pains of Life Imprisonment‘, British Journal of Criminology, Vol 57(6), pp. 1359–1378

Crewe, B. and Leibling, A. (2015) ‘Staff culture, authority and prison violence‘, Prison Service Journal, 221: 9-14.

Hulley, S., Crewe, B. and Wright, S. (2016) ‘Re-examining the problems of long-term imprisonment’British Journal of Criminology, Vol 56(4), pp. 769-792.

Laws, B. (2016). Fronting, masking and emotion release: An exploration of prisoners’ emotional management strategies. The Howard League for Penal Reform.

Laursen, J., & Laws, B. (2016). Honour and respect in Danish prisons: Contesting ‘cognitive distortions’ in cognitive-behavioural programmes. Punishment & Society.

Laws, B., & Crewe, B. (2015). Emotion regulation among male prisoners. Theoretical Criminology.

Levins, A. and Crewe, B. (2015). ‘Nobody’s better than you, nobody’s worse then you’: Social relationships among prisoners convicted of sex offences’Punishment and Society, 17(4): 482-501.

Kelly, M. and Tubex, H. (2015). ‘Stemming the tide of Aboriginal incarceration’, Notre Dame Law Review, (forthcoming).

Pratt, J. and Anderson, J. (2016). ‘”The Beast of Blenheim”, risk and the rise of the security sanction’,  Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, (in press).

Treloar, C., Baldry, E., Higgs P., Dietze, P., Stoove, M. & Lloyd, A. (2015). ‘Going tobacco free in Australian prisons – increasing tattooing harm?‘, International Journal of Prisoner Health, 11 (4).

Tubex, H., Blagg, H. and Tullich, T. (2018). Western Australian Penal Culture and Indigenous Overrepresentation: Evaluating 25 Years of Law, Policy and Practice, UWA Law Review, 43(1): 264-285.

Tubex, H. (2015). ‘Reach and Relevance of Prison Research’. Special Issue The International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, (2015).

Tubex, H. and Eriksson, A. (2015). ‘Guest editor’s introduction: Challenges of contemporary prison research‘, International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 4(1): 1-3.

Turnbull, S. and Hasselberg, I. (2017) From Prison to Detention: The Carceral Trajectories of Foreign-national Prisoners in the United KingdomPunishment & Society 19(2): 135-154.

Turnbull, S. (2016) ”Stuck in the Middle’: Waiting and Uncertainty in Immigration Detention’Time & Society. 25(1): 61-79.

Vannier, M. (2016) ‘Women serving life without possibility of parole: the different meanings of death as punishment’, The Howard Journal of Crime and Justice, 55(3): 328-344.


Andrew, J., Baker, M. and Roberts, P. (2016) ‘Prison Privatisation in Australia: The State of the Nation – Accountability, Costs, Performance and Efficiency’The University of Sydney Business School.

Andrew, J (2015) ‘Submission to the Inquiry into the Efficiency and Performance of Western Australian Prisons‘, Prepared for the Economic Regulation Authority

Andrew J, Baker, M and Roberts, P (2015) ‘The Cost of Commissioning: Research Report on the Proposed Reforms to Western Australian Prisons Sector‘, Prepared for the Western Australian Prisons Sector Union & CPSU

Bosworth, M and Kellezi, B (2015) ‘Quality of Life in Detention: Results from MQLD questionnaire data collected in IRC Campsfield House, IRC Yarl’s Wood, IRC Colnbrook, and IRC Dover, September 2013 – August 2014′,  University of Oxford, Centre for Criminology, January 2015.

Homel, Kinner & Wallis (2016) Submission to an Enquiry by the National Children’s Commissioner on the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture (OPCAT) in the Context of Youth Justice Detention Centres. Brisbane: Griffith University

Kinner & Rich (2015) Drug use and incarceration: A submission to the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on the World Drug Problem. Brisbane: Griffith University


Vannier, M. (2015) Book review of Mass Incarceration on Trial: A Remarkable Court Decision and The Future of Prisons in America by Jonathan Simon, Theoretical Criminology 19(3): 434-436.


Andrew, J., Baker, M. and Roberts, P. (2015) ‘Private prison operators still hide from scrutiny, despite reform’, The Conversation, 17 December 2015.

Andrew, J. (2015) ‘Private prisons carry risk of hidden costs’, The West Australian, 21 August, 2015.

Andrew, J. (2015) ‘How do we break down a $3.4b prisons bill? What can it tell us?’, The Conversation , 19 June 2015.

Chak, T. and Turnbull, S. (2016) ‘Migrant Detention: Stories from the United Kingdom’, The Funambulist Magazine, 4 (March-April): 22-27.

Tubex, H. (2016) ‘Mandatory sentencing leads to unjust, unfair outcomes – it doesn’t make us safe‘, The Conversation, January 5, 2016.

Tubex, H. (2015) ‘State of imprisonment: Lopsided incarceration rates blight West.’ The Conversation, April 16, 2015.

Vannier, M. (2015) ‘Boston Marathon bomber: Would life without parole be punishment enough?’, Christian Science Monitor, 13 May, 2015.

Manikis, M. & Vannier, M. (2015) ‘Life Without Parole sentencing violates human rights’, Montreal Gazette, 1 April, 2015.

View the full list of recent post-imprisonment publications here.

Current Projects

2002-2022 – The Directorate of Norwegian Correctional Service, Preventive detention. Chief Investigators: Berit Johnsen, University College of Norwegian Correctional Service. Preventive detention is the most severe punishment in Norway. With a point of departure in keeping an overview of the statistics, the project has developed into a discourse analysis of this type of punishment and includes several studies. The latest study concerns those serving this kind of sentence in an especially high security department, as is the case for the perpetrator of the terrorist attacks in Norway on 22 July, 2011.

2012-2022 – The Directorate of Norwegian Correctional Service, The prison officer profession: Recruitment, education and work experience. Chief Investigators: Berit Johnsen and Per Kristian Granheim, University College of Norwegian Correctional Service. The project is a part of a larger project in Norway of the study of professions. As the education of prison officers in Norway is a two year education at a university college level (120 credits), and hopefully will become an education at bachelor level in a few years, we are interested in the connection between education and work experience. The project is a survey study where we follow the students/prison officers for eight years. The students/prison officers answers the questionnaires when they 1) start the education, 2) finish they education, 3) after three years in working life and 4) after six years in working life.

2017-2019 – National Health and Medical Research Council, Identifying factors that improve the health of prisoners who inject drugs. Chief Investigators: Prof Carla Treloar, A/Prof Mark Stoove, Prof Paul Dietze, Prof Eileen Baldry, Dr Peter Higgs.

2017-2019 – Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Uneven Borders: Citizenship, Mobility and Inequality. Chief Investigator: Ines Hasselberg. This project examines border control in Portugal, scrutinizing mobility as a marker of social (and racial) inequality. Through ethnographic methods, it examines the socio-legal processes that effectively produce deportable migrants, forms of surveillance exercised to enforce border control, and how deportability is experienced by foreign-nationals, with a particular focus on those who have been through the criminal justice system.

2006-2019 – Ministry of Justice & The Directorate of Norwegian Correctional Service, Measuring the quality of prison life in Norway. Chief Investigators: B. Johnsen and P. K. Granheim, University College of Norwegian Correctional Service. The study is based on Alison Liebling and her colleagues at the Prison Research Centre at University of Cambridge development of studying prisons and their moral performance. The project in Norway consist of three studies. In the first study of closed prisons we found that smaller prisons have a better quality of life than larger ones. The same seems to be the case in the open prisons (second study). The third study will measure the quality of life in Norgerhaven prison, the prison Norway rents in Netherlands.

2016-2018 – Marsden Fund grant award, Intolerable Risks.  The search for security in an age of anxiety. Chief Investigator: Prof John Pratt, Victoria University of Wellington. How we punish offenders has become one of the distinguishing features of democratic society itself. However, current changes in penal law and practice in most of the main English speaking societies reverse some of the most fundamental principles that have come to be associated with this social institution. These can include post-prison detention on completion of sentence instead of release: and the use of penal measures to control movement in public space before a crime has been committed. This project provides a sociological explanation of these profound changes to the penal frameworks of New Zealand and similar societies.

2015-2018 – Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Partnership Development Grant, The Prisons Transparency Project (PTP)Chief Investigators: Dawn Moore (Principal Investigator, Carleton University), Kelly Hannah-Moffat (University of Toronto), Debra Parkes (University of British Columbia), Gillian Balfour (Trent University), Joane Martel (Laval University), and Sarah Turnbull (Birkbeck, University of London). This project is three-year study (2015-2018) that aims to systematically collect and document prisoner and detainee experiences in Canada across three jurisdictions (Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec).

2012-2017 – European Research Council Subjectivity, Identity and Penal Power: Incarceration in a Global Age. Chief Investigators: Prof Mary Bosworth, Oxford University. Taking the prison and the immigration detention centre as sites where local/national and global power intersect, this project will examine theoretically and empirically the ways in which people experience and negotiate such places, paying particular attention to how matters of identity, especially race, gender, national identification and their intersections, shape the experience, meaning and effects of incarceration.

2012-2017– European Research Council Incarceration in a Global Age. Chief Investigators: Prof Mary Bosworth, Oxford University. This sub-project to “Subjectivity, Identity and Penal Power: Incarceration in a Global Age” will explore what happens to our understanding of punishment when we place matters of identity and subjectivity at the centre of analysis. It will provide the theoretical framework for the whole project that will be constituted in part by empirical research. Revisiting the canon of texts in punishment and society, theoretical and applied, through the question of identity, it will develop a new, gendered, postcolonial approach to penal power.

2012- 2017 –  Immigration Removal Centres: Quality of Life and Procedural JusticeChief Investigators, Mary Bosworth, Oxford University and Ben Bradford, Oxford University. In the context of IRCs and immigration-case work, issues of quality of life, fairness and cooperation seem to be particularly relevant.  However, we know very little from the perspective of the authorities about their decision-making processes nor about their modes of communication with detainees.  In order to understand how decisions are made and communicated to detainees, we have commenced a pilot study with case-owners into decision-making and procedural fairness in Immigration.

2013-2016 – Eurpoean Research Council, Home and Away: Gender, Nation, Deportation. Chief Investigator: Sarah Turnbull. This project is part of a broader European Research Council funded research endeavour led by Professor Mary Bosworth. The ‘Home and Away’ project examines immigration detention and deportation in the United Kingdom, with specific focus on the experiences of confinement and removal in relation to affective issues of home, belonging, and identity in contemporary Britain

Completed Projects

2014-2017 – ARC Discovery Project Grant, A Comparative Analysis of Youth Punishment in Australia and the UK. Chief Investigators: C. Cunneen, E. Baldry, M. Schwartz, D Brown and B, Goldson. Since the 1980s, prison expansionism has defined criminal justice policy in many western jurisdictions, particularly Australia and England and Wales. Research into this phenomenon has primarily been directed at adults rather than juveniles, with limited attention paid to comparative analysis. The Comparative Youth Penality Project (CYPP) aims to fill a substantial gap in our knowledge about youth penal culture and practice. The CYPP will produce a comprehensive documentation and overview of changes in penal policy and practice across selected Australian states and England and Wales over the past 30 years. The project will provide the first in-depth analysis of Australian youth penality, and the first comparative study of youth punishment between Australia, England and Wales.

2015-2016 – Industry Partnership Grant, Prison Privatisation in Australia: The State of the Nation. Chief Investigators: A/Prof Jane Andrew and Dr Max Baker. The first phase of the project examining the costs, performance and accountability of private prisons across Australia has been finalised. The second phase of the project is ongoing, and involves interviews with senior policy makers, regulators and other stakeholders regarding the findings of our report.

2011-2015 – European Research Council, The Crime Control at the Borderlands of Europe project. Chief Investigators: Franko, K. University of Oslo. This sub-project run by Associate Professor T. Ugelvik, University of Oslo was an ethnography of crimmigration prisons, meaning, briefly put, prisons that have immigration control as a purpose added to or in replace of the traditional purposes of prisons. I did fieldwork in Norway’s single high-security immigration detention centre, and its only prison designed to hold a foreign national population only.

2014-2015 – The Harris Review,  An Independent Review of self-inflicted deaths in (National Officer Management Services’ (NOMS’) custody. Chief Investigators: A. Ludlow, B. Schmidt, T. Akoensi, A. Liebling, C. Giacomantonio and A. Sutherland, Cambridge University. This study will review cases of self-inflicted deaths in NOMS’ custody amongst 18-24 year olds, including staff experience, knowledge and views. The purpose of the review is to make recommendations to reduce the risk of future self-inflicted deaths in custody. The review will focus on issues including vulnerability, information sharing, safety, staff prisoner relationships, family contact, and staff training and will explore these through this call for submissions alongside existing and commissioned research and meetings with stakeholders and people affected and interested more broadly.

2013-2016 Home and Away: Gender, Nation, Deportation. Chief Investigator: Sarah Turnbull. This project is part of a broader European Research Council funded research endeavour entitled ‘Subjectivity, Identity and Penal Power: Incarceration in a Global Age,’ led by Professor Mary Bosworth. The ‘Home and Away’ project examines immigration detention and deportation in the United Kingdom, with specific focus on the experiences of confinement and removal in relation to affective issues of home, belonging, and identity in contemporary Britain.

2013-2016 – European Research Council, The Postcolonial Prison: Citizenship, Punishment and Mobility. Chief Investigator: Ines Hasselberg. Statistical accounts tell us that there is a growing number of foreign national and black and ethnic minority prisoners incarcerated throughout the penal systems of Europe. Indeed, foreign populations are so disproportionately incarcerated in some European states that their treatment has invited parallels to the notorious over-incarceration of African Americans in the USA. Notwithstanding Loic Wacquant’s confronting characteristation of foreign national prisoners as the ‘blacks’ of Europe, prison sociologists have paid little attention to this population, nor to its implications for accounts of penal power and legitimacy. The objective of this project is both to help fill this gap, but also, and more dramatically, to recast our understanding of prison as a postcolonial enterprise. Taking Portugal and England & Wales as case studies, “the postcolonial prison” will examine what the increasing number of foreign-national prisoners in Europe may tell us of the role of the prison in carving out national identity, explore whether this bears any relationship to the longer-standing issues of empire and colonialism, as well as map the position of prison within migrants’ trajectories and broader global phenomena.

2012-2016 – ARC Future Fellowship Generations through prison: A critical exploration of the causes, experiences and consequences of intergenerational incarcerationChief Investigator: Prof Mark Halsey, Flinders University Law School. Around one third of the 30,000 prisoners in Australia are children or relatives of former prisoners, but very little is known about the causes, experiences and impacts of intergenerational incarceration. This project will redress this research deficit and help prevent the disproportionate recurrence of incarceration in particular familial lineages.

2012-2014 –  ARC DECRA, ‘Othering’ in penal policy and practice: A cross-national study of imprisonment between Australia and SwedenChief Investigator: Dr Anna Eriksson, Criminology, Monash University. This is a comparative project between Australia and Scandinavia, focusing on prisons and practices of punishment. Based on innovative normative theory, it will propose a model of practice than can reduce violence and disorder in prisons, lead to a safer work environment for staff, and more humane treatment of prisoners.

2011-2014 –  ARC Linkage Grant, The impact of incarceration on children’s care: A strategic framework for good care planning. Chief Investigators: A/Prof Christopher J Trotter (Monash, Social Work), Dr Catherine Flynn (Monash, Social Work), Dr Bronwyn Naylor (Monash, Law), Prof Paul Collier (Monash, Economics), Dr Anna Eriksson (Monash, Criminology) Dr David Baker (Criminal Justice), Dr Kay McCauley-Elsom (Monash, Nursing). Partner Organisations:Department of Human Services, Vic; Department of Human Service Victoria-Child Safety Commissioner; Department of Justice, Victoria; Prison Fellowship Australia-Victoria; SHINE for Kids Co-operative Ltd; VACRO-Victorian Association for the Care and Rehabilitation of Offenders. This project will study best practice for care planning of children whose primary carers are incarcerated within the Australian criminal justice system. It will develop a strategic framework for future policy and practice in Australian care planning with the aim of improving outcomes for both parents and children.

2011-2014 – ARC Discovery Exporting Risk: The Australian Deportation Project. Chief Investigators: Prof Sharon Pickering (Monash), Dr Leanne Weber, (Monash), Dr Marie Segrave (Monash), Dr Mike Grewcock (UNSW) This  project is focused on practices of Immigration Detention as well as patterns and processes of deporting those deemed to be illegal non-citizens (by way of national security, community safety, workforce protection or market retention). Of relevance to ImO readers and subscribers is the research examining the conditions of and processes for arriving in Immigration Detention, and the specific practices pertaining to those who are deemed a risk to the community under s501 of the Migration Act 1958 as a consequence of a serious criminal conviction, for which individuals have most often received and served a sentence of imprisonment.

June 2012 – 2014  ESRC, and The Newton Trust, Experiencing very long term imprisonment from young adulthood: identity, adaptation and penal legitimacy. Chief Investigators: Dr Ben Crewe and Dr Susie Hulley, Cambridge University. This study has involved interviews with 125 male prisoners and 25 female prisoners serving life sentences with tariffs of fifteen years or more, sentenced when aged 25 or under, and the collection of 315 surveys from a wider group of male and female prisoners who meet these criteria, in over twenty establishments, including young offender institutions, high-security prisons, category B and C prisons, and open prisons. In the coming months, our aim is to begin writing up the study while also developing a research proposal in the hope of securing access to interviewing both men and women serving these sentences who have been transferred to secure psychiatric hospitals.

2009-2013 – ARC Discovery,  Generativity in young male (ex)prisoners: Caring for self, other, and future within prison and beyond. Chief Investigator: Prof Mark Halsey, Flinders University Law School. As strategic basic research, the project will provide practitioners and academics with much needed qualitative data on the social, cultural and emotional dimensions of incarceration and how these impact life within and beyond custody. Such knowledge is critical for developing policies and practices capable of meaningfully reducing the high rates of reincarceration in all Australian states and territories. Importantly, the focus on generativity offers a new conceptual lens through which to reconsider the philosophy and practice of imprisonment, and, more specifically, to prisoner management or ‘through‑care’ with regard to those who constitute the majority of the prison population nationally and internationally (young males).

2009-2012 – Nuffield Foundation, Oxford University John Fell Fund and British Academy, Understanding Immigration Detention. Chief Investigator: Mary Bosworth University of Oxford. This multi-site, mixed method project examined life in 6 UK Immigration detention centres. The first study of its kind, it explored daily life inside, from the perspective of staff and detainees. It also lead to the creation of a survey tool, The Measure of the Quality of Life in Detention (MQLD). Findings from the project formed the basis of the 2014 book Inside Immigration Detention (OUP).

2007-2010 – ESRC, Values, Practices and outcomes in public and private corrections. Chief Investigators: Dr Ben Crewe and Professor Alison Liebling, Cambridge University. This study of values, practices and outcomes in public and private corrections had two main components: (1) a comparative evaluation of quality of life, culture and practices in five private sector and two public sector prisons, in England and Wales; and (2) around 90 interviews with senior managers working in the public and private sectors, focussing in particular on professional values and motivations.

2005-2008 – ARC, Understanding recidivism and repeat incarceration among young male offenders: A biographical and longitudinal approach. Chief Investigator: Prof Mark Halsey, Flinders University Law School. This project aims to explore factors contributing to juvenile repeat incarceration and more particularly the high rates of progression of young men from secure care to prison in South Australia. The research will be conducted over a four year period and will be based around in-depth single and follow-up interviews with young men in juvenile and adult correctional facilities. This would be the first study of its kind to be undertaken in Australia. The project is expected to provide a unique and qualitative account of the factors which impede or assist individual attempts to desist from crime at various stages of select criminal careers.

2001-2004 – Nuffield Foundation The Prisoner Society. Chief Investigator: Dr Ben Crewe, Cambridge University. For this research, Ben conducted a semi-ethnographic study of the everyday social world of an English Prison, based on a ten-month fieldwork period in HMP Wellingborough, a medium-security men’s training establishment. The study was published as a research monograph by Oxford University Press (2009), titled: The Prisoner Society: Power, Adaptation and Social Life in an English Prison.