Biofuels and energy justice
This interdisciplinary research explains the science of biofuels advancements through the lens of energy justice theory.
- Dr Diane Kraal (Monash Business School)
- Associate Professor Victoria Haritos (Monash Engineering Faculty)
- Dr Rowena Cantley-Smith (Monash Law Faculty)
Project background and aims
Investment is needed to promote the important role of biofuels in the transition of the Australian energy market towards a sustainable future. Appropriate policy, laws, and regulations are essential drivers of such investment and the ultimate success of the Australian biofuels sector.
To achieve this end, our aim is to contribute to the progression of Australia’s policies and laws on biofuels. Thus we will re-think the outcomes of major technical studies on biofuels published in Australia between 2007 and 2014 as well as the latest developments in first generation biofuels, such as ethanol and biodiesel. We will also examine selected biofuel development in the EU. Given the outcomes of these types of studies have been generally evaluated on the basis of economic benefit, the purpose of our revisiting these publications is to widen the analysis to include environmental (climate change mitigation and biodiversity protection) and political (energy security) considerations.
This inter-disciplinary research will use empirical qualitative methods to address a number of questions. Are there further technology breakthroughs needed? What is still valuable in the previous biofuels studies? Can current developments on biofuels be transitioned to policy in Australia?
These questions have been developed by reference to the advanced state of biofuels, policies and law outside of Australia, and the contention that economic benefit is no longer considered the sole criteria for evaluating non-renewable and renewable energy projects.
This project is funded by the Monash Energy Materials and Systems Institute (MEMSI).
The qualitative method of narrative is used to piece together the outcomes of major technical studies on biofuels published in Australia between 2007 and 2014 as well as the latest developments in first generation biofuels, such as ethanol and biodiesel. We use the same method to describe the state of biofuel energy policy in Australia and make comparisons to the policies of a selected EU country.
Research and development of biofuels technology has continued strongly in the USA, Europe and Asia over the past decade, much of it aimed at increasing sustainability and lowering costs of fuel production. There will be a systematic review of this activity and conclusions drawn as to the technology readiness and greenhouse gas mitigation of the leading options in this field. This technical review of biofuels development will inform the policy and legal reviews undertaken as part of the project.
To discuss the research findings, the analytical framework is energy justice theory.