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Based on phone interviews with more than 1600 households in rural Bihar, this study provides rapid survey-based evidence on the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on casual and migrant workers from rural Bihar. The evidence shows that more than half of rural households had at least one migrant worker prior to the pandemic, and for 94 percent of these households, their migrant workers’ livelihood was adversely affected. There was large-scale reverse migration with a large fraction of returning migrants spending as much as 4-5 months in native villages with limited opportunities for alternative work (including MGNREGA employment). The disruption of employment among migrant workers who stayed in destination areas led to drastic cuts in their remittances back home. About one-fifth of the migrant workers who had gone back to the destination areas were still to resume work at destination sites at the time of the survey.
Recommendations by public health experts to deal with public health emergencies, including the Covid-19 pandemic, are primarily guided by the principle of saving more lives (SML). This study investigated which principle is perceived to be most legitimate by the general public for allocating scarce ventilators during public health emergencies.
This study attempts an integrated analysis of the health and economic aspects of COVID-19 that is based on publicly available data from a wide range of data sources. The analysis is done keeping in mind the close interaction between the health and economic shocks of COVID-19.
Effective health information campaigns play an important role in raising public awareness and encouraging preventive and health-promoting behavior. We study the extent to which awareness campaigns promoting simple COVID-19 precautionary measures foster
health-preserving behavior among people in rural communities.
We conducted a large household survey immediately after the lockdown was imposed in response to COVID-19 outbreak in Bangladesh. We then followed up a random subset of households to examine the changing circumstances of rural households as the pandemic evolves. We find that nearly 90 percent of these households experienced a negative income shock. Households that had lost their income completely were more worried about their finance and food, while households with no income loss were mostly concerned about the health of their family members.
The coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak has caused significant psychological pressure, with women being more likely than men to have experienced negative impacts. The situation is acute in poor areas in developing countries due to income loss and resulting in food insecurity.
This study examines the association between food insecurity and the mental health of women during the COVID-19 pandemic using panel data from two waves of 2402 household surveys first conducted after three weeks of the lockdown in Bangladesh.
We evaluate the effect of mobility restriction policies on the spread of COVID-19 across 33 provincial regions in China, using data on daily human mobility across regions. The results show that the spread of the disease in China was predominantly driven by community transmission within regions and the lockdown policy introduced by local governments curbed the spread of the pandemic. Further, we document that Hubei was only the epicenter of the early epidemic stage. Secondary epicenters had already become established by late January 2020. The transmission from these epicenters substantially declined following the introduction of human mobility restrictions across regions
As governments around the world, including the Indian government, mount a fiscal response to the Covid-19 crisis, the question of how to finance the fiscal response has risen to prominence. We argue that the option of the central bank monetizing the additional government debt and then writing it off offers a pragmatic way out.
COVID-19 has threatened the food security of the poor due to the lockdown of markets amidst poor institutions and lack of social safety nets in the developing world. Research shows that food security has already worsened since the crisis hit and would presumably worsen further in the future unless rapid measures are taken to attenuate it at the earliest.