Professor Mainak Majumder

Professor Mainak Majumder

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Room 211, 20 Research Way (Building 82), Clayton Campus

Prof. Majumder applies fundamentals of materials science, notably Carbon, to emerging and multidisciplinary areas of separation engineering & energy storage and in doing so, creates scientific & business opportunities. He has developed an international reputation for inventing innovative fabrication & processing methods, grounded on strong fundamentals, with impact in a wide gamut of engineering applications for e.g. membrane-based separations, supercapacitors, batteries, strain sensors, micro-/nano-fluidics and anti-corrosion coatings.

He is a nationally recognized leader in industry engagement & translational research on graphene. His track record & standing in this topical area is such that he has received ARC funding continually (LP11, LP14) and most recently, ARC Graphene Hub (IH16). His LP11 was the first ever Australian research grant establishing a deep symbiotic University-Industry relationship reliant on creating IP surrounding graphene. The impact of his research has been such that the original resource company has now demerged to form a technological start-up – Ionic Industries. While advising this new Australian SME, initially as the founding board-of-directors, he has created an ‘innovation ecosystem’ involving early stage corporate investment, competitive public funding, scientific discovery, patenting & licensing intellectual property, joint-venturing with end-users & commercialization, generally in the order stated. He is member of the founding board-of-directors of several graphene-related national activities.  He has published > 50 articles in journals inclusive of Nature, Nature Chemistry, Nature Communications, and has received >3400 citations with an h-index of 24. He was the founding board-of-directors of Ionic Industries (>2500 share holders) which is an Australian public company engaged in commercialization of graphene-based products. He has delivered >20 invited talks in countries such as US, China, Portugal, UK, Australia & India.


  • PhD, University of Kentucky, USA
  • MS, Indian Institute of Technology- Banaras Hindu University
  • BTech, Calcutta University

Research Projects

Not started projects

LiS Battery and ultracapacitor hybrid device

Current projects

ARC Research Hub for Graphene Enabled Industry Transformation

Advanced industries drive prosperity where innovation underpins business to thrive globally. Advanced materials are now considered promising for maintaining competitive advantages for industrial transformational progress. Never has a material exhibited more potential to change the developed world than Graphene. The Hub for Graphene Enabled Industry Transformation will provide industry with innovative solutions to tackle critical and complex challenges of national significance. By leveraging substantial existing and new investments to overcome fundamental scientific barriers and develop fit-for-purpose products with and for our partners, long-term economic prosperity and growth will prevail.

Microsupercapacitor Prototype Development

Power Efficient Waste Water Treatment using Graphene Oxide Technology

Fresh water is a scarce commodity. Wastewater is a potential source of fresh water however treatment is energy intensive. Graphene oxide based water treatment technologies have potential to significantly reduce energy requirements. Modified graphene oxide adsorbents and membranes will be used to clean water and recover valuable organics. The CRC support will provide the scientific basis for the materials chemistry and production processes.

Green Manufacturing of Graphene from Indigenous Natural Graphite and Graphene-based Nanofiltration Membranes

We will establish green chemical routes for transforming an industrial by-product into high-value material – graphene and further, develop scalable coating methods for producing asymmetric, inert, robust, and highly permeable graphene-membranes for safe and economical treatment of corrosive mining effluents and recovery of precious metals.

Past projects

Meiji RZ stereomicroscope

Nanotechnology Enabled Electrochemical Energy Storage Materials from Indigenous Natural Graphite

Graphene, a 2D honeycomb arrangement of Carbon atoms of one atom thickness, is the center of attraction in nanoscience and nanotechnology. Graphene based macroscopic electrodes produced from exfoliation of graphite and their reconstitution have much higher surface area and ionic mobility in electrochemical energy storage devices. Utilising the state-of-the-art in nanomaterials processing, functionalization chemistry, characterization and computer simulations, the project aims to develop a technology package for reclaiming natural graphite fines mined in Southern Australia. Our partner organisation has a strong commitment indicated by a high cash to kind contribution, eagerness to collaborate and possibility of long-term alliances.

Micro/Nanofluidic Characterisation Facility

Microfluidics promises to enable diagnosis of medical diseases using devices which perform laboratory experiments but on a scale which means the entire system can be hand-held. Whilst the fabrication of miniaturised fluidic channels is well established, the challenge is to bring additional functions onto the chip reducing the reliance on external pumps and electronics. This facility will allow the characterisation of technologies which address on-chip sample preparation using pulsed ultrasonic waves, filtration and pumping using nanofluidic structures, and detection using on-chip circuitry. As such the facility will have the capability to directly address the challenges which must be met to allow diagnosis in rural underprivileged areas.

Carbon Nanotube Fluidic Channels for Desalination - Interplay of Nanoscale Confinement and Electrostatics

Water is a scarce resource in Australia. Desalting of saline-water can provide a source of fresh-water not
dependent on rainfall. It has been recently demonstrated that carbon nanotubes (CNTs), a few nanometers
in diameter, can transport water at extraordinary speed giving promise to a new technology which can make
desalination 75% cheaper. This proposal focuses on understanding the transport mechanism of small
monovalent or divalent ions in the narrow hydrophobic inner core of CNTs with ~ 0.4 to 2 nm diameter by
delineating the role of confinement and electrostatics using experiments in small proof-of-concept volumes
guided by optimized computer simulations. These studies are critical to the success of this novel technology.

Bench-scale facility for the production of graphene from indigenous natural graphite

Further development of SuperSands - novel materials that have the potential for commercial application

Mass flow controllers

Shaibani, S.J.D. Smith, P. Chakraborty Banerjee, K. Konstas, A. Zafari, D.E Lobo, M. Nazari, A. F Hollenkamp, M R Hill, M. Majumder “Framework-mediated synthesis of highly microporous onion-like carbon: energy enhancement in supercapacitors without compromising power”, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Advance Article

S.T. Martin, A. Akbari, P. Chakraborty Banerjee, A. Neild and M.Majumder “The inside-out supercapacitor: induced charge storage in reduced graphene oxide “, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016,18, 32185-32191

Pachfule, D.Shinde, M. Majumder & Q.Xu “Fabrication of carbon nanorods and graphene nanoribbons from a metal–organic framework, Nature Chemistry 8, 718–724 (2016)

Kumar, P.S Gandhi and M. Majumder, “Interfacing 3D micro/nanochannels with a branch-shaped reservoir enhances fluid and mass transport”, J. Micromech. Microeng. 27 (2017) 015026 (11pp)

D.B. Shinde, J. Brenker, C. D. Easton, R. F. Tabo , A. Neild, and M. Majumder,”Shear Assisted Electrochemical Exfoliation of Graphite to Graphene”, Langmuir, 2016, 32 (14), pp 3552–355

B. Coskun, A. Akbari, D.T. H. Lai, A. Neild, M. Majumder, T. Alan “Ultrasensitive Strain Sensor Produced by Direct Patterning of Liquid Crystals of Graphene Oxide on a Flexible Substrate”, ACSAppl.Mater.Interfaces 2016, 8, 22501 − 22505

M.Shaibani, A.Akbari, P.Sheath, C.D. Easton, P.Chakraborty-Banerjee, K.Konstas, A. Fakhfouri, M. Barghamadi, M. M. Musameh, A.S. Best, T.Ruther, P.J. Mahon, M.R.Hill, A.F. Hollenkamp, M.Majumder, “Supressed Polysulfide Crossover in Li-S Batteries through a High-Flux Graphene Oxide Membrane Supported on a Sulfur Cathode”, ACS Nano, 2016, 10 (8), pp 7768–7779

A.Akbari, P.Sheath, D.B. Shinde, M.Shaibani, P.C. Banerjee, R.Tkacz, D.Bhattacharyya, M.Majumder, “Large-area graphene-based nanofiltration membranes by shear alignment of discotic nematic liquid crystals of graphene oxide”, Nature Communications, 7, Article number 10891, doi:10.1038/ncomms10891

S.J.Chen, W.Wang, K.S. Crentsii, F.Collins, X.L. Zhao, M.Majumder, W.H. Duan, “Distribution of carbon nanotubes in fresh ordinary Portland cement pastes: understanding from a two-phase perspective”, RSC Adv., 2016,6, 5745-5753,

P.Sheath & M.Majumder, “Flux accentuation and improved rejection in graphene-based filtration membranes produced by capillary-force-assisted self-assembly, “, Phil.Trans.R.Soc.A, 2015, 374: 20150028

D.E. Lobo, P.C. Banerjee-Chakraborty, CD. Easton, M.Majumder, ” Miniaturized Supercapacitors: Focused Ion Beam Reduced Graphene Oxide with Enhanced performance Metrics”, Adv. Energy Mater. 2015, 5, 1500665

A.W. Thornton, A.Ahmed, S.K. Kannam, B.D. Todd, M.Majumder, A.J. Hill, ” Analytical Diffusion Mechanism (ADiM) model combining specular, Knudsen and surface diffusion”, J.Memb.Sci., 485, 1-9, 2015


L.Dumee, L.He, Z.Wang, P.Sheath, J. Xiong, C.Feng, M.Y. Tan, F.She, M.Duke, S. Gray, A.Pacheco, P.Hodgson, M.Majumder, L. Kong, “Growth of nano-textured graphene coatings across highly porous stainless steel supports towards corrosion resistant coatings” Carbon, 87, 395-408, 2015

Khare, D.B. Shinde, S.Bansode, M.A. More, M.Majumder, V.K. Pillai, D.J. Late, “Graphene nanoribbons as prospective field emitter” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 023111, 2015

P.Chakraborty-Banerjee, Derrek Lobo, R. Middag, W.K. Ng, Mahdokht E. Shaibani and Mainak Majumder , “Electrochemical Capacitance of Ni-doped Metal Organic Framework and Reduced Graphene Oxide Composites: More than the Sum of its Parts” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2015, 7 (6), pp 3655–3664

M.Miansari, J.R.Friend. P.Chakraborty-Banerjee, M.Majumder, L.Y.Yeo, “Graphene-based planar nanofluidic rectifier”, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2014, 118 (38), pp 21856–21865

S.Martin, A.Neild, M.Majumder,”Graphene-based ion rectifier using macroscale geometric asymmetry”, APL Mat. 2, 092803, (2014) – Special Topic in 2D Materials

S.J. Chen, B.Zou, F.Collins, X.L. Zhao, M.Majumder, W.H.Duan,”Predicting the influence of ultrasonication energy on the reinforcing efficiency of carbon nanotubes”, Carbon, 2014

R.Tkacz, R.Oldenbourg, S.B. Mehta, A. Verma M.Miansari, M.Majumder,”pH Dependent Isotropic to Nematic Phase Transitions in Graphene Oxide Dispersions Reveal Droplet Liquid Crystalline Phases”, Chem.Commun, 2014

D.B. Shinde, M.Majumder, V.K. Pillai,”Counter-Ion Dependent Longitudinal Unzipping of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes to Highly Conductive and Transparent Carbon Nanoribbons”, Scientific Reports 4, Article # 4363

R.Tkacz, R.Oldenbourg, A.Fulcher, M.Miansari, M.Majumder,”Capillary-Force Assisted Self-Assembly (CAS) of highly Ordered and Anisotropic Graphene-Based Thin Films”, J.Phys.Chem.C, 2014, 118 (1), 259–267

A.W.K. Ma, J.Nam, N.Behabtu, F.Mirri, C.C. Young, B.Dan, D. Tsentalovich, M.Majumder, L.Song, Y.Cohen, P.M. Ajayan, M.Pasquali, “Scalable Formation of Carbon Nanotube Films Containing Highly Aligned Whiskerlike Crystallites”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2013, 52 (26), pp 8705–8713

M.Majumder, P.Sheath, J.I. Mardel, T.G. Harvey, A.W. Thornton, A.Gonzago, D.F. Kennedy, I.Madsen, J.W. Taylor, D.R. Turner, M.R. Hill “Aqueous Molecular Sieving and Strong Gas Adsorption in Highly Porous MOFs with a Facile Synthesis”, Chem. Mater. 2012, 24 (24), pp 4647–4652

Lobo, J.Fu, T. Gengenbach, and M. Majumder “Localized Deoxygenation and Direct Patterning of Graphene Oxide Films by Focussed Ion Beams”, Langmuir, 2012, 28, 41,14815–14821

Majumder, Clint s Rendall, J. Alexander Eukel, James Y.L Wang, Natnael Behabtu, Cary Pint, Tzu-Yu Liu, Alvin W Orbaek, Francesca Mirri, Jaewook Nam, Andrew R Barron, Robert H. Hauge, Howard K. Schmidt, and Matteo Pasquali “Overcoming the ‘Coffee-Stain Effect by Compositional Marangoni Flow Assisted Drop-Drying”, J.Phys.Chem.B, 2012, 116 (22), pp 6536–6542

R.K. Singh Raman, P. Chakraborty Banerjee, Derrek E. Lobo, Hemtej Gullapalli, Madusha Sumandasa, Ashwin Kumar, Lokesh Choudhary, Rachel Tkacz, Pulickel M. Ajayan, M.Majumder “Protecting Copper from Electrochemical Degradation by Graphene Coating ” Carbon, 2012, 50,11,4040–4045

Ji Wu, Karen Gerstandt, M.Majumder, Xin Zhan and Bruce J. Hinds “Highly efficient electroosmotic flow through functionalized carbon nanotube membranes ” Nanoscale, 2011, 3, 3321-3328

W.Gao, M. Majumder, L. Alemany, T. Narayanan, M. Ibarra, B.K. Pradhan, P.M. Ajayan “Engineered Graphite Oxide Materials for Application in Water Purification” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2011, 3 (6), pp 1821-1826

M.Majumder and B.Corry, “Anomalous Decline of Water Transport in Covalently Modified Carbon Nanotube Membranes”, Chem. Commun., 2011, 47, 7683-7685

M.Majumder and P.M. Ajayan “Carbon Nanotube Membranes: A new frontier in membrane science” in: Enrico Drioli and Lidietta Giorno Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering (Elsevier Science)

Majumder, N.Chopra, B.J. Hinds, “Mass Transport through Carbon Nanotube Membranes in Three Different Regimes: Ionic Diffusion and Gas and Liquid Flow” ACS Nano, 2011, 5, 3867-78

M.J. Green, C.C. Young, A.N.G. Parra-Vasquez, M.Majumder, V.Juloori, N. Behabtu, C. L. Pint, J. Schmidt, E.Kesselman, R.H. Hauge, Y.Cohen, Y.Talmon and M.Pasquali “Direct imaging of carbon nanotubes spontaneously filled with solvent” Chem. Commun., 2011, 47,4,1228–1230

Majumder, A. Stinchcomb, B.J. Hinds, “Towards Mimicking Natural Protein Channels with Aligned Carbon Nanotube Membranes for Active Drug Delivery” Life Sciences, 86, 15-16, 2010, 563-68

Majumder, C. Rendall, M. Li, A. Eukel, H.K. Schmidt, M. Pasquali, “Insight into the physics of spray-coating of SWNT films” Chem.Engg.Sci.., 65, 6, 2010, 2000-08

Majumder, K. Keis, J. Cole, C. Meadows, X. Zhan, B.J. Hinds, “Enhanced Electrostatic Modulation of Transport Through CNT Membrane by Diazonium Grafting Chemistry” J. Memb. Sci., 2008, 316, 1-2, 89-96.

Majumder, X. Zhan, R. Andrews, B.J. Hinds “Voltage Gated Carbon Nanotube Membranes” Langmuir , 2007, 23, 8624-8631

Majumder, N. Chopra, R. Andrews, B.J. Hinds, “Nanoscale Hydrodynamics: Enhanced Flow in Carbon Nanotubes”, Nature, 2005, 438, 3, 44

Majumder, N. Chopra, B.J. Hinds, “Effect of Tip Functionalization on Transport through Vertically Oriented Carbon Nanotube Membranes”, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 2005,127, 9062-70.

Chopra, M. Majumder, B.J. Hinds, “Bi-functional Carbon Nanotubes by Sidewall Protection”, Adv. Funct.Mat., 2005, 15,858-64.

Majumder, S. Mukhopadhyay, O.Parkash, D.Kumar, “Sintering and Crystallization Behavior of Chemically Prepared Cordierite for Application in Electronic Packaging”, Ceram. Inter., 2004, 30, 1067-1070.





Majumder, “NANODOCKS – Liquid Phase Engineered Graphene-Oxide/Graphene Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications” New Staff Members Research Fund, Monash University, 2010-11, $20,000

Majumder, “Fish-Gill’ Inspired Microvascular Fluidic Scaffolds”, Monash University Engineering Small Grants, 2011-12, $30,000

Majumder, Corry, and Schaefer “Carbon Nanotube Fluidic Channels for Desalination – Interplay of Nanoscale Confinement and Electrostatics” ARC Discovery, 2011-14, $435,000

Majumder, Jagadeeshan, Singh, Pasquali, and Ajayan “Nanotechnology Enabled Electrochemical Energy Storage Materials from Indigenous Natural Graphite”, ARC Linkage, 2011-13, $300,000

Majumder, Collier Trust Grant, 2011, $3000

Majumder, “Controlled Growth of Aligned Carbon Nanotubes for Nanofluidic Applications” New Staff Members Research Fund, Monash University, 2010-11, $12,500

Majumder, “Towards Wearable Energy Storage Technology From Graphene-Coated Fibers” Monash University Engineering Seed Grant, 2012-13, $30,000

Majumder, “Monash Researcher Accelerator Program”, Monash University, 2013-14, $85,000

Neild, Majumder, Alan et al. “Micro-/Nano-fluidics Characterization Facility”, ARC LIEF, $600,000 (ARC + partner university contributions)

Majumder, Wang, Liu, Bhattacharyya, Hill, Rechner, “Green Manufacturing of Graphene from Indigenous Natural Graphite and Graphene-based Nano-filtration Membranes”  ARC Linkage, 2014-17, $375,000

Majumder and Tanksale, “Bench Scale Facility for Producing Graphene”, Strategic Energy Resources, 2014-15, $280,000

Majumder, “Further development of SuperSands – novel materials that have the potential for commercial application”, Ionic Industries (contract research), 2015, $40,000

Majumder, Neild, “Microsupercapacitor Prototype Development”, Ionic Industries (contract research), 2016, $198,000

Majumder, “2016 Faculty of Engineering Distinguished Lecturer Series”, Faculty of Engineering, 2016, $11,500

Losic, Skafidis, Majumder et al. “ARC Graphene Enabled Industrial Transformation Research Hub” (Total budget: 4.9M over 5 years, Monash University node – $1,500,000 over 5 years, node leader – Majumder)

Majumder, Shaibani “LiS battery & ultracapacitor hybrid device”, Industry Contract Research (Clean Future Energy), 2017, $1,411,380

Voigt, Savage, Majumder, Deletic, Tabor, McCarthy, “Power Efficient Waste Water Treatment using Graphene Oxide Technology, CRC-P (DIISR, Clean TeQ, Ionic Industries), 2017, $ 1,132,285 (Majumder lead CI from Monash University)

Majumder, Banerjee, “Printed Supercapacitor Research”, Industry Contract Research (Ionic Industries), 2017, $223,000

Banerjee, Majumder, “Printable on chip electrochemical energy storage technology for biomedical applications”, MEMSI seed grant, 2017, $25,000

Teaching Commitments

  • MEC4425
  • MEC3454
Last modified: 11/05/2020