Various issues may arise when working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and communities, such as distrust of authority, anger and frustration with processes, or the need for specialised advice and flexible timelines. Many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people continue to experience racism, discrimination, and the denial of their rights. This can occur via governments, institutions, individuals, and in urban, rural or remote areas. Providing culturally safe environments for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people to receive legal counsel, assistance or advice is crucial. Many organisations are taking positive steps to ensure this. It is important not to make assumptions or stereotype Indigenous people, but to consider that past policies and attitudes may still have lasting negative effects on individuals and families.

The Progressive Law Network recommends Indigenous Cultural Awareness training for all students and lawyers working in the area of Indigenous advocacy.

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