Comparing your Clinical Action Plan to the Expert Response

In the comparison section, identify the differences and similarities between your response and the expert response. However, it is not enough to identify the differences and similarities. You must also explain why you think these occur (e.g. why is your response the same as the expert response, why is the expert response different?).

How do you take this step? - Identifying "What?"

In order to move beyond simple comparison, you need to consider what knowledge advantage the expert has - this could include experience in practice, wider reading of the research, or more advanced technical skills.

However, simply stating the difference is due to increased experience is not enough. Consider what that experience is and how it adds to the expert report:

  • Do they have greater insight into the needs of the population?
  • Do they have a wider awareness of current treatment options?

You might also identify something in your response that the expert has not considered. Consider what this omission might indicate:

  • Do you have a knowledge advantage over the expert?
  • Is the research you have read more recent than that of the expert?
  • This is an important consideration when engaging in evidence based practice.

Reflection on learning

The focus of this section is how the expert response has impacted your understanding of issues within the scenario. This follows on from the previous section - by identifying what additional knowledge the expert response contains, you are already beginning to identify what you can learn from the expert response. This section requires you to make this learning explicit. Again, it is not enough to identify what has changed, you also need to incorporate why and how your thinking has changed.

To formulate your response, you will need to use the similarities and differences you have previously identified in this section. You can focus on what each similarity and each difference taught you about the case.

You can also use the learning objectives of the iSAP (found on the second page of the case) to help you identify what you learned from the expert response. You can do this by turning the objectives into questions. For example, ‘What did I learn about the importance of oral health to overall general wellbeing?’.

How do you take this step? - Asking "So what?"

Here it is important to consider what you thought before you read the expert response. You can then compare your previous thinking to your new understanding.

  • Did the expert response reinforce what you already knew (similarity)?
  • Did it challenge your assumptions or change your thinking (difference)?


One way of reflecting on what you learned is to think about:

  • what you knew (or thought you knew)
  • what new information you discovered
  • the importance of the new information for your future practice.

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