On the basis of your formulation, you will need to outline appropriate management plans, including:

  • investigations
  • short-term goals
  • long-term goals.


The appropriate management for Lucy will really depend on the precise nature of the tumour. However, it will be crucial to monitor her in hospital and provide symptomatic relief for her headache, neck pain and depression. A review of her co-existing medical conditions, Grave's disease, lupus, and hypercholesterolemia, will need to be undertaken. In addition, it will be necessary to provide counselling and support to help Lucy come to terms with her illness and so prevent the likelihood of her becoming clinically depressed.

Writing tip

The future tense is adopted at this stage of the report, as management decisions for the patient are still to be implemented.

Most lecturers would prefer students to provide more detail, especially of who is doing what. The expected outcomes described above in the example are a start. Many students will just refer the patient to counselling without stating why or what the expectations are, which is not ideal.