Publishing research data

There are increasing expectations and benefits for researchers to publish their research data, including:

  • The Australian Code for Responsible Conduct of Research (2018) encourages researchers to share research data whenever possible.
  • Funders are also increasingly expecting the research they fund to be more visible and accessible, and are therefore encouraging or requiring the publishing of the supporting research data.
  • Publishing research data allows for the replication and validation of research, which is why publishers are increasingly requesting the supporting data to be made available.
  • Open data also benefits the research community, by encouraging new lines of enquiry and collaborations, and the general public as it helps educate and guide policies.
  • Openly sharing supporting data and other research materials increases engagement with research - provided it is well described and being actively promoted. Demonstrating the engagement and impact of their research is another thing that researchers are increasingly being asked to do.

Research data and collections can be published easily by using a data repository.

Monash University supported data repository

Bridges is Monash University's repository for research data, collections, and research activity outputs. It is also the home of the University's online archive of PhD and Masters by Research theses.

By electing to use the repository, researchers can increase the discoverability of, and engagement with their research, as well as comply with publisher and funder requirements, receive a permanent link to their research online (a DOI), and track attention through Altmetric.

Bridges also supports:

  • Compliance: easy compliance with funder and publisher requirements to make data open
  • Secure management: manage private or public research outputs securely on Monash storage
  • Multiple formats: more than 650 file types can be uploaded including audio, video, images, spreadsheets, documents, surveys, datasets and posters.
  • Access: research files are available online from anywhere in the world
  • Collaboration: research files can be shared privately with collaborators or made public
  • Increased citations: all research outputs made public receive a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) making them citable
  • Reuse: apply Creative Commons or other appropriate licenses to define terms of re-use
  • Visibility: greater visibility of research outputs once published
  • Discoverability: allows other researchers to find your work, enabling collaborative research
  • Embargo: research outputs can be embargoed when necessary
  • Powered by Figshare

Learn everything you need to know about Bridges here: or contact the Library for individual advice and support:

Discipline specific repositories

In many disciplines, specific national or international repositories are available to support the long-term access to research data.

In deciding whether to deposit in one of these archives, you will need to consider the sustainability of the service (e.g. in terms of staffing, funding arrangements, and support from its host institution), and assess its level of support for and within your discipline.

Publishing research data with reuse licences

When publishing research data, Monash researchers are encouraged to consider using open licences. Licences enable you to clearly indicate to others your ownership of the data, your wishes about the ways in which the data can be re-used, and how you want to be attributed.

The most commonly used and recognised open licences are Creative Commons licenses. The six licenses allow for the reuse of your research under varying conditions, all of which require that you be attributed as the creator.

Before selecting a Creative Commons license it is important to first have a clear understanding of any copyright restrictions.

For more information on the six Creative Commons licenses visit the Creative Commons Australia website.

Publishing software or code?

The Creative Commons licenses are not designed for use with software. The licenses that can be selected for software are the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) license, General Public License (GPL, GPL-2.0, GPL-3.0) and the Apache-2.0 license.