Bachelor of Architectural Design
Semester 1, 2020

Studio leader(s)

  • Dan Nyandega
  • Gyongyver Engloner
  • AV Nguyen

Waste Architecture and circular economy

Waste is a global issue common to all urban areas and institutions. Wastes have typically been handled by relocating them to other places. As a result, waste has now gone beyond an environmental issue to a political issue in Australia.

U WASTE studio will ask the following questions:

  • What design ideas can be developed from the analysis and testing of waste materials
  • How can the types of wastes inform architectural outcome: form, structure, materiality, program, etc.?
  • How can architecture reverse wasteful tendencies within institutions?

The studio will focus on confronting the critical issue of waste within Monash University’s, Caulfield and Clayton campuses. The student will map and analyse the processes of waste generation within the university, the types of wastes (solid and liquid), the volumes and frequency of wastes generation starting with MADA Faculty. The studio will involve collecting solid wastes materials around the university: paper, cardboard, timber, plastic, metal, construction waste, etc., and analyse them based on their architectural qualities: The atmospheric quality, the structural quality, tactile quality, colour, form etc. Equally, the wastes will be sorted based on source, materiality, form and colour. The design ideas will be informed by the ‘Waste Hierarchy’ and the associated material flows (metabolism) both within the university campus and in the wider, Melbourne-context:

refuse/reduce, re-use/upcycle, recycle, recover energy and dispose.


The generative process will involve a series of esquisses, iteration and reflections each focusing on specific aspects of waste materials and specific design technique:

  1. Tactile: physical installation using assorted waste material.
  2. Display and Assemblage: display of the installation for public engagement with other students.
  3. Temporal: designing for temporal programs(temporal materials) around the university.
  4. Temporal + Permanent: the final design will be a program within the university with an architectural design that portray new attitudes relating to waste.

The studio process will reflect on a broad reconceptualization of building materials in relation to resources(consumerism) as opposed only to structural attributes. The studio will focus on designing by making; a series of physical models built from waste materials (and part models, scale 1:1).


The final outcome will be a series of design esquisses each focussing of specific aspects of the waste materials and design techniques, culminating into a final design; a program within the university in which the recycled materials will be incorporated into the architecture.