Prof Brett Williams

Head of Department

BAVEd, Grad Cert IntensiveCareParamedicine, Grad Dip EmergHlth, MHlthSc, PhD, FPA

Telephone: +61 3 9904 4283


Research Profile


Brett is currently Professor and Head, Department of Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences at Monash University.

Brett has been an academic leader in prehospital educational research, scholarship and mentorship for over 15 years.  Brett has won numerous national university teaching awards and has published over 200 peer-reviewed publications, presented conference work over 130 times, 10 book chapters and recently co-edited  2 textbooks.  Brett is committed to developing and finding the next generation of paramedic PhD scholars, professionalising paramedic care, building capacity for paramedics nationally and internationally and developing a contemporary paramedic curricula.

Prof Brett Williams has published papers in top medical and health care-related, and measurement journals internationally.  His work has attracted over 4000 citations in the past 5 years.


Cardiovascular and Respiratory Emergencies; Communication; Non-Technical Skills: Research Methods

Research Interests

Blended Learning; Empathy; Interprofessional Education; Near-Peer Teaching and Learning; Paramedic Pedagogy; Professionalism; Psychometrics; Scale Development.

Supervision (past 5 years)

2018Abdullah AlshamraniTrauma Education for Saudi Arabian ParamedicsPhD
2018Zainab AlqudahEpidemiological Analysis of Trauma Victims in Victoria, AustraliaPhD
2018Paul GowansCardiac Arrest Management and Leadership: Scotland PerspectivesPhD
2018Abdullah AlobaidEmpathy in Saudi ArabiaPhD
2017 Waleed Alazmy EMS Disaster Preparedness PhD
2017 Justin Hunter Crew Resource Management training in EMS PhD
2016 Talal Mamdouh AlShammari Paramedic Core Competencies for Saudi Arabia PhD
2016 Saeed Alqahtani Exploration of Saudi Arabic paramedic workplace experiences PhD
2016 Eihab Khasawneh Maths anxiety and drug calculations PhD
2016 Ahmad Alrawashdeh Prehospital management of nSTEMI patients PhD
2015 David Page Competency Measurement in Paramedicine PhD
2015 Rod Mason Cognition diversity in undergraduate paramedic students PhD

Grants (last 5 years)

Number of Grants = 45

2018Engendering and Enacting EmpathyMonash Education Academy
2017Improving post-crash survival outcomes by optimising acute emergency care systemsInterdisciplinary Research Support Scheme.
2017Trauma in student paramedics: Using computer adaptive testing to measure trauma and support wellbeingMonash Education Academy.
2017 Elevating UL’s Paramedic Studies programme through reciprocal knowledge and information sharing with one of the leading paramedic departments in the world International Activity Challenge Fund 2017/18, University of Limerick, Ireland
2017 An outcome measure for intimate partner violence educational interventions School of Allied and Primary Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences
2017 Setting the agenda for health professional education research at Monash University: A cross-Faculty research priority setting exercise Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences
2017 Evaluating health students’ work readiness as evidence-based practitioners Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences
2017 Research on Monash Law Student Mental Health Faculty of Law, Monash University
2016 Women and Women with Children Residential Rehabilitation Best Practice: A rapid review Sax Institute for the NSW Ministry of Health
2016 Clinical Supervision: Spotlight on Conversations Facilitator Support Materials Department of Human Services, Victorian Government
2016 Systematic Review: Simulation and Mental Health Department of Human Services, Victorian Government
2016 Graduate Education Supervisor Development Grant Monash University Graduate Research
2016 Experiences of sessional educators within the Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences Monash Education Academy Grant
2016 Identifying the roles of attachment, stress, and empathy in the psychological adjustment of paramedic students School of Medicine Research Development Grant scheme (University of Tasmania)
2016 Evaluating the impact of near-peer teaching on graduate clinical practice Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences
(Monash University)
2016 Workplace interprofessional education: Understanding interprofessional student-teacher interactions through narrative inquiry Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences
(Monash University)
2015 Our invisible teachers:  The experiences of sessional teachers in the SPHC School of Primary Health Care (Monash University)
2015 Peer-assisted learning in paramedic education: A randomised control trial Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences
(Monash University)
2015 Ascertaining student readiness and outcomes on inter-professional education in health professional programs Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences
(Monash University)
2014 Clinical supervision: The use of DVD simulations to teach effective communication to clinical supervisors Department of Health
(Victorian State Government)


Peer Reviewed Publications


Spivak B, Batagol B, Sifris A, Williams B. Measuring empathy in undergraduate law students: Examining the factorial validity of the Jefferson Empathy Scale - Law Students (JSE-LS). International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 2018 58:143-9.

Sawyer S, Williams A, Rotheram A, Williams B. The knowledge, attitudes and preparedness to manage intimate partner violence patients of Australian paramedics – A pilot study. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine 2018 15(2).

Samarkandi O, Bashatah A, Khan A, Almobrad A, Beovich B, Williams B. Barriers to Research Utilization in the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) in Saudi Arabia. Advances in Medical Education and Practice 2018 9:519-26.

Ross L, Jennings P, Gosling C, Williams B. Experiential education enhancing paramedic perspective and interpersonal communication with older patients: A controlled study. BMC Medical Education. 2018;18(239).

Rees C, Brown T, Crampton P, Kent F, Hood K, Leech M, et al. Exploring interprofessional student-clinican interactions through narrative inquiry. BMJ Open 2018 8:e021238.

Raffee L, Khader Y, Oteir A, Alawneh A, Saqan R, Beovich B, et al. Final year dental students’ perception of knowledge, training and competence in the management of medical emergencies. Global Journal of Health Science. 2018 10(6).

McMorran D, Samaraskinghe S, Muradoglu M, Chung D, Williams B, Liew O, et al. Simulation training system for en-route intravenous initiation. Sensors & Actuators: A Physical. 2018 279:680-7.

McKenna L, Irvine S, Williams B. I didn't expect teaching to be such a huge part of nursing’: A follow-up qualitative exploration of new graduates’ teaching activities. Nurse Education in Practice 2018 32:9-13.

Irvine S, McKenna L, Williams B. Near-Peer Teaching In Undergraduate Nursing: An Integrative Review. Nurse Education Today. 2018 70:60-8.

Chang, Y-T, Kuang-Chau, T. Williams, B. Taiwanese EMTs. Advances in Medical Education and Practice. 2018;9(147-158).

AlShammari T, Jennings P, Williams B. Emergency Medical Services Core Competencies: a scoping review. Health Professions Education 2018, 4(4):245-258.

Alqahtani S, Nehme Z, Smith K, Williams B. Incidence and outcomes of adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest precipitated by suspected drug overdose: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Resuscitation. 2018, 134:10-18.

Fowler J, Beovich B, Williams B. Improving paramedic confidence when dealing with paediatric patients: a scoping review. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2018;15(1).

Ross, L, Gosling, C. Jennings, P. Williams, B. Experiential education enhancing paramedic perspective and interpersonal communication with older patients: A controlled study. BMC Medical Education. 18(239).


Al Thobaity A, Plummer V, Williams B.  What are the Most Common Domains of Core Competencies of Disaster Nursing? A  Scoping Review International Emergency Nursing. International Emergency  Nursing. 2017;31(1):64-71.

Irvine S, McKenna L, Williams B. Are we  assessing beyond cognition in near peer teaching?  A systematic review. Nurse Education Today.  2017;50:42-50.

McKenna L, Williams B. The hidden  curriculum in near-peer learning: An exploratory qualitative study. Nurse  Education Today. 2017;50:77-81.

Meadley B, Delorenzo A, Olaussen A, et al.  Educational Curricula for Training Paramedics in Ultrasound: A Scoping Review.  BMC Emergency Medicine. 2017;17(18).

Ross L, Jennings P, Williams B. Paramedic Attendance to Older Patients in Australia, and the Prevalence and  Implications of Psychosocial Issues. Prehospital Emergency Care.  2017;21(1):32-38.

Williams B, Beovich B, Edlington T, Flemming G, Donovan G. Difficult  Conversations within Healthcare: a Pilot Study. Medical Science Educators.  2017.

Williams B, Beovich B, Ross L, Wright C, Ilic D. Self-efficacy perceptions  of interprofessional education and practice in undergraduate healthcare  students. Journal of Interprofessional Care. 2017;31(3):335-341.

Williams B, Reddy P, Marshall S, Beovich B, McKarney L. Simulation and  mental health outcomes: A scoping review. Advances in Simulation. 2017;2(2).

Williams B, Nyguen D. Near peer teaching in paramedic education: A  repeated measures design. Innovations in Education and Teaching International.  2017;54(4):345-354.

Bowen M, Williams B. Professionalism  amongst paramedic student, achieving the measure or missing the mark? Advances  in Medical Education and Practice. 2017 in press.

Delorenzo A, Abetz J, Andrew E, de Wit A, Williams  B, Smith K. Characteristics of Fixed Wing Air Ambulance Transports in  Victoria, Australia. Air Ambulance Journal. 2017 In press.

Fowler J, Beovich B, Williams B. Improving paramedic confidence when dealing with paediatric patients: a scoping  review. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2017 in press.

Plummer V, Williams B, Tozer-Jones J.  The Bachelor of Nursing/Bachelor of Emergency Health (Paramedic): Student views  of their preparation and intentions towards future practice. Australasian  Journal of Paramedicine. 2017 in press.

Sawyer S, Coles J, Williams A, Rotheram A, Lucas  P, Williams B. Paramedic students’ preparedness to manage intimate  partner violence patients. Prehospital Emergency Care. in press.

Williams B, Beovich B, Flemming G, Donovan G, Patrick I. An exploration of  difficult conversations in Australian paramedics. Nursing and Health Sciences. 2017  in press.

Williams B, Brown T, McKenna L, Etherington J. Attachment and Empathy in  Australian Undergraduate Paramedic, Nursing and Occupational Therapy Students:  a cross-sectional study. Collegian. 2017 in press


Al Thobaity, A., B. Williams, and V.  Plummer, A new scale for disaster nursing core competencies: Development and  psychometric testing. Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal, 2016. 19(1):  11-19.

Brown, T., B. Williams, and J.  Etherington, Emotional intelligence and personality traits as predictors of  occupational therapy students’ practice education performance: a  cross-sectional study. Occupational Therapy International, 2016.

Browning, M., et al., The use and limits of  eye-tracking in high-fidelity clinical scenarios: a pilot study. International  Emergency Nursing 2016. 25: 43-47.

Mason, R. and B. Williams, Using  ePortfolio’s to assess undergraduate paramedic students: A proof of concept  evaluation. International Journal of Higher Education, 2016.

Olaussen, A., et al., Peer-assisted learning:  Time for Nomenclature Clarification. Medical Education Online, 2016. 21.

Ross, L., P. Jennings, and B. Williams, Paramedic attendance to older patients in Australia: Are psychosocial issues  more prevalent than they appear? Prehospital Emergency Care, 2016. early  online.

Ross, L., B. Williams, and P. Jennings,  Experience, knowledge and attitudes: Are paramedic students prepared to care  for older patients? . Educational Gerontology, 2016. 42(4): 241-252.

Sawyer, S., et al., A systematic review of  intimate partner violence education for allied health practitioners. Medical  Education, 2016. 50: 1107-1121.

Spasenoska, M., S. Costello, and B.  Williams, Investigating the psychometric properties of the Jefferson Scale  of Physician Empathy in a sample of Malaysian medical students. Advances in  Medical Education and Practice, 2016. 7: 331-339.

Williams, B., Professionalization of Paramedics:  Lessons from the Australian University  Sector. The National Medical Journal of India, 2016. 29(Supp 1): 113.

Williams, B. and S. Davis, Maths anxiety and medication dosage calculation  errors: A scoping review. Nursing Education and Practice, 2016. 20: 139-146.

Williams, B., C. King, and T. Edlington, Overcoming  difficult conversations in clinical supervision. Journal of Healthcare  Leadership, 2016. 8: 31-40.

Williams, B., P. O'Meara, and H. Hickson, Paramedicine  students’ views on clinical placement learning using the DREEM inventory.  Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 2016. 6(2): 35-42.

Williams, B. and P. Reddy, Does peer-assisted learning improve academic  performance? A scoping review. Nurse Education Today, 2016. 45: 23-29.

Williams, B., A. Sifris, and M. Lynch, A psychometric  appraisal of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy using law students. Psychology  Research and Behavior Management, 2016. 9: 171-178.

Williams, B. and J. Song, Are simulated patients effective in facilitating  development of clinical competence for healthcare students? A scoping review.  Advances in Simulation, 2016. 1(6).

Williams, B. and A. Teese, A cross-institutional analysis of Australian  undergraduate paramedic students’ attitudes towards interprofessional  cooperation. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 2016. 30(1): 97-102.

Williams, B. Abel, C. Khasawneh, E. Ross, L. Levett-Jones. T, Simulation  experiences of paramedic students: a cross-cultural examination. Advances in  Medical Education and Practice, 2016. 7: p. 181-186.

Williams, B. Boyle., M. Howard, S., Empathy Levels In Undergraduate  Paramedic Students: A Three-Year Longitudinal Study. Nurse Education in  Practice, 2016. 16(1): p. 86-90.


Bearman M, Allen L, Palermo C, Williams B. Learning empathy through simulation: a systematic literature review. Simulation in Healthcare. 2015;10(5):308-319.

Boyle M, Williams B, Ross L. Assessing student paramedic visual and verbal checks for defibrillation safety—an observational study. SpringerPlus. 2015;4(773).

Campbell D, Shepherd I, McGrail M, et al. Procedural skills practice and training needs of doctors, nurses, midwives, and paramedics. Advances in Medical Education and Practice. 2015;6:183-194.

Eastwood K, Boyle M, Kim V, Stam N, Williams B. Mathematical ability of first year undergraduate paramedic students—A before and after study. Nurse Education Today. 2015;35(11):1125-1129.

Fox M, Winship C, Williams W, et al. Peer-assisted teaching and learning in paramedic education: A pilot study. International Journal of Paramedic Practice. 2015;5(1).

Hickson H, Williams B, O'Meara P. Paramedicine students' perception of preparedness for clinical placement in Australia and New Zealand. BMC Medical Education. 2015;15(168).

Hogan N, Costello S, Boyle M, Williams B. Measuring Workplace Trauma Response in Australian Paramedics: An Investigation into the Psychometric Properties of the Impact of Event Scale. Psychology Research and Behavior Management. 2015;8 287-294.

Hojat M, Ward J, Spandorfer J, Arenson C, Van Winkle L, Williams B. The Jefferson Scale of Attitudes Toward Interprofessional Collaboration (JeffSATIC): development and multi-institution psychometric data. Journal of Interprofessional Care. 2015;29(3):238-244.

O'Meara P, Williams B, Hickson H. Paramedic instructor perspectives on the quality of clinical and field placements for university educated paramedicine students. Nurse Education Today. 2015;35(11):1080-1084.

Ross L, Boyle M, Williams B. Defibrillation safety: An examination of paramedic perceptions using eye-tracking technology. BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning. 2015;doi:10.1136/bmjstel-2015-000033.

Ross L, Williams B. Improving Paramedic Attitudes towards the Elderly. Clinical Teacher. 2015;12(1):37-44.

Ross L, Williams B, Jennings P. The effectiveness of educational interventions designed to improve health care student behaviors and/or attitudes toward older people: a systematic review protocol. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews & Implementation Reports. 2015;13(7):13-23.

Sawyer S, Coles J, Williams A, Williams B. Preventing and reducing the impacts of intimate partner violence: Opportunities for Australian ambulance services. Emergency Medicine Australasia. 2015;27(4):307-311.

Sifris A, Williams B, Kordouli V. Empathy and mental health. Australian Law Journal. 2015;89(9):38-40.

Williams B, Boyle M, Fielder C. Empathetic attitudes of undergraduate paramedic and nursing students towards four medical conditions: A three-year longitudinal study. Nurse Education Today. 2015;35:e14-e18.

Williams B, Boyle M, Howard S. Empathy Levels in Undergraduate Paramedic Students – A three-year longitudinal study. International Journal of Caring Sciences. 2015;8(1):59-68.

Williams B, Boyle M, Howard S. Attitudes of Paramedic Students towards Specific Medical Conditions: A four-year study. Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice. 2015;13(2).

Williams B, Boyle M, Tozer-Jones J, et al. Undergraduate paramedic students’ empathy levels: A two-year longitudinal study. Journal of Nursing Education Practice. 2015;5(1):58-64.

Williams B, Brown T, Costello S. A cross-cultural investigation into the dimensional structure and stability of the Barriers to Research and Utilization Scale (BARRIERS Scale). BMC Research Notes. 2015;8(601).

Williams B, Brown T, McKenna L, et al. Student empathy levels across 12 medical and health professions: an interventional study. Journal of Compassionate Care. 2015;2(4).

Williams B, Hardy K, McKenna L. Near-Peer Teaching in Paramedic Education: Results from 2011 to 2013. Medical Science Educator. 2015;25:149-156.

Williams B, Hickson H, O'Meara P. Paramedicine students’ views on clinical placement learning using the DREEM inventory. Journal of Nursing Education Practice. 2015;6(2):35-42.

Williams B, Olaussen A, Peterson E. Peer-assisted teaching: An interventional study. Nurse Education in Practice. 2015;15(4):293-298.

Williams B, Perillo S, Brown T. What are the factors of organisational culture in health care settings that act as barriers to the implementation of evidence-based practice? A scoping review. Nurse Education Today. 2015;35(2):e34-e41.

Williams B, Sadasivan S, Kadirvelu A. Malaysian Medical Students’ self-reported Empathy: A cross-sectional Comparative Study. Malaysian Medical Journal. 2015;70(2):76-80.

Williams B, Webb V. A national study of paramedic and nursing students’ readiness for interprofessional learning (IPL): Results from nine universities. Nurse Education in Practice. 2015;35(9):31-37.

Williams, B., Brown, T., McKenna, L., Palermo, C., Morgan, P., & Brightwell, R. (2015). Students’ attitudes towards interprofessional learning: A comparison between two universities. Journal of Allied Health, 44(4), 201-207.

Books/Book Chapters

Brown T. Williams, B. (Eds) Evidence-based education: Promoting  best practice in the teaching and learning of health professional students. 2014, Radcliffe Publishing, UK.

Williams, B, Maloney,  S. . Modes of  Pedagogy delivery. In: Brown, T. Williams, B, eds.  Evidence-based  education: Promoting best practice in the teaching and learning of health  professional students. 2014, Radcliffe  Publishing, UK.

Williams, B. Edwards, D. Evidence-based Education for  Paramedics. In: Brown, T. Williams, B, eds.   Evidence-based  education: Promoting best practice in the teaching  and learning of health professional students. 2014, Radcliffe Publishing, UK.

Williams, B. Brown, T. Benson, R. Providing feedback in  e-learning environments. In: Molloy, E., Boud, D, eds. Feedback in Health Care Education.  Routledge 2013: 125-139.

Power S, Williams B. Cardiovascular Emergencies. In: Curtis K,  Ramsden C, Friendship J, eds. Emergency and Trauma Care.  Sydney: Mosby Elsevier 2011: 489-534.

van Dreven A, Williams B. Professional development. In: Curtis K,  Ramsden C, Friendship J, eds. Emergency and Trauma Care.  Sydney: Mosby Elsevier 2011: 93-108.

Nestel D, Williams B, Villanueva  E. Cost Effectiveness in Medical Education. Walsh K, (ed). Ratcliffe Publishing Ltd, Oxon; UK 2010: 30-39.

McDonell A, Burgess S, Williams B. From  Academia to Clinical Practice In: O'Meara P, Grbich C, eds. Paramedics  in Australia: contemporary challenges of practice. Sydney,  Australia: Pearson Education 2008:181-91.