Prof Brett Williams
Head of Department
BAVEd, Grad Cert IntensiveCareParamedicine, Grad Dip EmergHlth, MHlthSc, PhD, FPA
Telephone: +61 3 9904 4283
Brett is currently Professor and Head, Department of Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences at Monash University.
Brett has been an academic leader in prehospital educational research, scholarship and mentorship for over 15 years. Brett has won numerous national university teaching awards and has published over 200 peer-reviewed publications, presented conference work over 130 times, 10 book chapters and recently co-edited 2 textbooks. Brett is committed to developing and finding the next generation of paramedic PhD scholars, professionalising paramedic care, building capacity for paramedics nationally and internationally and developing a contemporary paramedic curricula.
Prof Brett Williams has published papers in top medical and health care-related, and measurement journals internationally. His work has attracted over 4000 citations in the past 5 years.
Cardiovascular and Respiratory Emergencies; Communication; Non-Technical Skills: Research Methods
Blended Learning; Empathy; Interprofessional Education; Near-Peer Teaching and Learning; Paramedic Pedagogy; Professionalism; Psychometrics; Scale Development.
Supervision (past 5 years)
|2018||Abdullah Alshamrani||Trauma Education for Saudi Arabian Paramedics|
|2018||Zainab Alqudah||Epidemiological Analysis of Trauma Victims in Victoria, Australia|
|2018||Paul Gowans||Cardiac Arrest Management and Leadership: Scotland Perspectives|
|2018||Abdullah Alobaid||Empathy in Saudi Arabia|
|2017||Waleed Alazmy||EMS Disaster Preparedness||PhD|
|2017||Justin Hunter||Crew Resource Management training in EMS||PhD|
|2016||Talal Mamdouh AlShammari||Paramedic Core Competencies for Saudi Arabia||PhD|
|2016||Saeed Alqahtani||Exploration of Saudi Arabic paramedic workplace experiences||PhD|
|2016||Eihab Khasawneh||Maths anxiety and drug calculations||PhD|
|2016||Ahmad Alrawashdeh||Prehospital management of nSTEMI patients||PhD|
|2015||David Page||Competency Measurement in Paramedicine||PhD|
|2015||Rod Mason||Cognition diversity in undergraduate paramedic students||PhD|
Grants (last 5 years)
Number of Grants = 45
|2018||Engendering and Enacting Empathy||Monash Education Academy|
|2017||Improving post-crash survival outcomes by optimising acute emergency care systems||Interdisciplinary Research Support Scheme.|
|2017||Trauma in student paramedics: Using computer adaptive testing to measure trauma and support wellbeing||Monash Education Academy.|
|2017||Elevating UL’s Paramedic Studies programme through reciprocal knowledge and information sharing with one of the leading paramedic departments in the world||International Activity Challenge Fund 2017/18, University of Limerick, Ireland|
|2017||An outcome measure for intimate partner violence educational interventions||School of Allied and Primary Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences|
|2017||Setting the agenda for health professional education research at Monash University: A cross-Faculty research priority setting exercise||Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences|
|2017||Evaluating health students’ work readiness as evidence-based practitioners||Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences|
|2017||Research on Monash Law Student Mental Health||Faculty of Law, Monash University|
|2016||Women and Women with Children Residential Rehabilitation Best Practice: A rapid review||Sax Institute for the NSW Ministry of Health|
|2016||Clinical Supervision: Spotlight on Conversations Facilitator Support Materials||Department of Human Services, Victorian Government|
|2016||Systematic Review: Simulation and Mental Health||Department of Human Services, Victorian Government|
|2016||Graduate Education Supervisor Development Grant||Monash University Graduate Research|
|2016||Experiences of sessional educators within the Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences||Monash Education Academy Grant|
|2016||Identifying the roles of attachment, stress, and empathy in the psychological adjustment of paramedic students||School of Medicine Research Development Grant scheme (University of Tasmania)|
|2016||Evaluating the impact of near-peer teaching on graduate clinical practice||
Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences|
|2016||Workplace interprofessional education: Understanding interprofessional student-teacher interactions through narrative inquiry||
Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences|
|2015||Our invisible teachers: The experiences of sessional teachers in the SPHC||School of Primary Health Care (Monash University)|
|2015||Peer-assisted learning in paramedic education: A randomised control trial||
Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences|
|2015||Ascertaining student readiness and outcomes on inter-professional education in health professional programs||
Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences|
|2014||Clinical supervision: The use of DVD simulations to teach effective communication to clinical supervisors||
Department of Health|
(Victorian State Government)
Peer Reviewed Publications
Spivak B, Batagol B, Sifris A, Williams B. Measuring empathy in undergraduate law students: Examining the factorial validity of the Jefferson Empathy Scale - Law Students (JSE-LS). International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 2018 58:143-9.
Sawyer S, Williams A, Rotheram A, Williams B. The knowledge, attitudes and preparedness to manage intimate partner violence patients of Australian paramedics – A pilot study. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine 2018 15(2).
Samarkandi O, Bashatah A, Khan A, Almobrad A, Beovich B, Williams B. Barriers to Research Utilization in the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) in Saudi Arabia. Advances in Medical Education and Practice 2018 9:519-26.
Ross L, Jennings P, Gosling C, Williams B. Experiential education enhancing paramedic perspective and interpersonal communication with older patients: A controlled study. BMC Medical Education. 2018;18(239).
Rees C, Brown T, Crampton P, Kent F, Hood K, Leech M, et al. Exploring interprofessional student-clinican interactions through narrative inquiry. BMJ Open 2018 8:e021238.
Raffee L, Khader Y, Oteir A, Alawneh A, Saqan R, Beovich B, et al. Final year dental students’ perception of knowledge, training and competence in the management of medical emergencies. Global Journal of Health Science. 2018 10(6).
McMorran D, Samaraskinghe S, Muradoglu M, Chung D, Williams B, Liew O, et al. Simulation training system for en-route intravenous initiation. Sensors & Actuators: A Physical. 2018 279:680-7.
McKenna L, Irvine S, Williams B. I didn't expect teaching to be such a huge part of nursing’: A follow-up qualitative exploration of new graduates’ teaching activities. Nurse Education in Practice 2018 32:9-13.
Irvine S, McKenna L, Williams B. Near-Peer Teaching In Undergraduate Nursing: An Integrative Review. Nurse Education Today. 2018 70:60-8.
Chang, Y-T, Kuang-Chau, T. Williams, B. Taiwanese EMTs. Advances in Medical Education and Practice. 2018;9(147-158).
AlShammari T, Jennings P, Williams B. Emergency Medical Services Core Competencies: a scoping review. Health Professions Education 2018, 4(4):245-258.
Alqahtani S, Nehme Z, Smith K, Williams B. Incidence and outcomes of adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest precipitated by suspected drug overdose: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Resuscitation. 2018, 134:10-18.
Fowler J, Beovich B, Williams B. Improving paramedic confidence when dealing with paediatric patients: a scoping review. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2018;15(1).
Ross, L, Gosling, C. Jennings, P. Williams, B. Experiential education enhancing paramedic perspective and interpersonal communication with older patients: A controlled study. BMC Medical Education. 18(239).
Al Thobaity A, Plummer V, Williams B. What are the Most Common Domains of Core Competencies of Disaster Nursing? A Scoping Review International Emergency Nursing. International Emergency Nursing. 2017;31(1):64-71.
Irvine S, McKenna L, Williams B. Are we assessing beyond cognition in near peer teaching? A systematic review. Nurse Education Today. 2017;50:42-50.
McKenna L, Williams B. The hidden curriculum in near-peer learning: An exploratory qualitative study. Nurse Education Today. 2017;50:77-81.
Meadley B, Delorenzo A, Olaussen A, et al. Educational Curricula for Training Paramedics in Ultrasound: A Scoping Review. BMC Emergency Medicine. 2017;17(18).
Ross L, Jennings P, Williams B. Paramedic Attendance to Older Patients in Australia, and the Prevalence and Implications of Psychosocial Issues. Prehospital Emergency Care. 2017;21(1):32-38.
Williams B, Beovich B, Edlington T, Flemming G, Donovan G. Difficult Conversations within Healthcare: a Pilot Study. Medical Science Educators. 2017.
Williams B, Beovich B, Ross L, Wright C, Ilic D. Self-efficacy perceptions of interprofessional education and practice in undergraduate healthcare students. Journal of Interprofessional Care. 2017;31(3):335-341.
Williams B, Reddy P, Marshall S, Beovich B, McKarney L. Simulation and mental health outcomes: A scoping review. Advances in Simulation. 2017;2(2).
Williams B, Nyguen D. Near peer teaching in paramedic education: A repeated measures design. Innovations in Education and Teaching International. 2017;54(4):345-354.
Bowen M, Williams B. Professionalism amongst paramedic student, achieving the measure or missing the mark? Advances in Medical Education and Practice. 2017 in press.
Delorenzo A, Abetz J, Andrew E, de Wit A, Williams B, Smith K. Characteristics of Fixed Wing Air Ambulance Transports in Victoria, Australia. Air Ambulance Journal. 2017 In press.
Fowler J, Beovich B, Williams B. Improving paramedic confidence when dealing with paediatric patients: a scoping review. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2017 in press.
Plummer V, Williams B, Tozer-Jones J. The Bachelor of Nursing/Bachelor of Emergency Health (Paramedic): Student views of their preparation and intentions towards future practice. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2017 in press.
Sawyer S, Coles J, Williams A, Rotheram A, Lucas P, Williams B. Paramedic students’ preparedness to manage intimate partner violence patients. Prehospital Emergency Care. in press.
Williams B, Beovich B, Flemming G, Donovan G, Patrick I. An exploration of difficult conversations in Australian paramedics. Nursing and Health Sciences. 2017 in press.
Williams B, Brown T, McKenna L, Etherington J. Attachment and Empathy in Australian Undergraduate Paramedic, Nursing and Occupational Therapy Students: a cross-sectional study. Collegian. 2017 in press
Al Thobaity, A., B. Williams, and V. Plummer, A new scale for disaster nursing core competencies: Development and psychometric testing. Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal, 2016. 19(1): 11-19.
Brown, T., B. Williams, and J. Etherington, Emotional intelligence and personality traits as predictors of occupational therapy students’ practice education performance: a cross-sectional study. Occupational Therapy International, 2016.
Browning, M., et al., The use and limits of eye-tracking in high-fidelity clinical scenarios: a pilot study. International Emergency Nursing 2016. 25: 43-47.
Mason, R. and B. Williams, Using ePortfolio’s to assess undergraduate paramedic students: A proof of concept evaluation. International Journal of Higher Education, 2016.
Olaussen, A., et al., Peer-assisted learning: Time for Nomenclature Clarification. Medical Education Online, 2016. 21.
Ross, L., P. Jennings, and B. Williams, Paramedic attendance to older patients in Australia: Are psychosocial issues more prevalent than they appear? Prehospital Emergency Care, 2016. early online.
Ross, L., B. Williams, and P. Jennings, Experience, knowledge and attitudes: Are paramedic students prepared to care for older patients? . Educational Gerontology, 2016. 42(4): 241-252.
Sawyer, S., et al., A systematic review of intimate partner violence education for allied health practitioners. Medical Education, 2016. 50: 1107-1121.
Spasenoska, M., S. Costello, and B. Williams, Investigating the psychometric properties of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy in a sample of Malaysian medical students. Advances in Medical Education and Practice, 2016. 7: 331-339.
Williams, B., Professionalization of Paramedics: Lessons from the Australian University Sector. The National Medical Journal of India, 2016. 29(Supp 1): 113.
Williams, B. and S. Davis, Maths anxiety and medication dosage calculation errors: A scoping review. Nursing Education and Practice, 2016. 20: 139-146.
Williams, B., C. King, and T. Edlington, Overcoming difficult conversations in clinical supervision. Journal of Healthcare Leadership, 2016. 8: 31-40.
Williams, B., P. O'Meara, and H. Hickson, Paramedicine students’ views on clinical placement learning using the DREEM inventory. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 2016. 6(2): 35-42.
Williams, B. and P. Reddy, Does peer-assisted learning improve academic performance? A scoping review. Nurse Education Today, 2016. 45: 23-29.
Williams, B., A. Sifris, and M. Lynch, A psychometric appraisal of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy using law students. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 2016. 9: 171-178.
Williams, B. and J. Song, Are simulated patients effective in facilitating development of clinical competence for healthcare students? A scoping review. Advances in Simulation, 2016. 1(6).
Williams, B. and A. Teese, A cross-institutional analysis of Australian undergraduate paramedic students’ attitudes towards interprofessional cooperation. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 2016. 30(1): 97-102.
Williams, B. Abel, C. Khasawneh, E. Ross, L. Levett-Jones. T, Simulation experiences of paramedic students: a cross-cultural examination. Advances in Medical Education and Practice, 2016. 7: p. 181-186.
Williams, B. Boyle., M. Howard, S., Empathy Levels In Undergraduate Paramedic Students: A Three-Year Longitudinal Study. Nurse Education in Practice, 2016. 16(1): p. 86-90.
Bearman M, Allen L, Palermo C, Williams B. Learning empathy through simulation: a systematic literature review. Simulation in Healthcare. 2015;10(5):308-319.
Boyle M, Williams B, Ross L. Assessing student paramedic visual and verbal checks for defibrillation safety—an observational study. SpringerPlus. 2015;4(773).
Campbell D, Shepherd I, McGrail M, et al. Procedural skills practice and training needs of doctors, nurses, midwives, and paramedics. Advances in Medical Education and Practice. 2015;6:183-194.
Eastwood K, Boyle M, Kim V, Stam N, Williams B. Mathematical ability of first year undergraduate paramedic students—A before and after study. Nurse Education Today. 2015;35(11):1125-1129.
Fox M, Winship C, Williams W, et al. Peer-assisted teaching and learning in paramedic education: A pilot study. International Journal of Paramedic Practice. 2015;5(1).
Hickson H, Williams B, O'Meara P. Paramedicine students' perception of preparedness for clinical placement in Australia and New Zealand. BMC Medical Education. 2015;15(168).
Hogan N, Costello S, Boyle M, Williams B. Measuring Workplace Trauma Response in Australian Paramedics: An Investigation into the Psychometric Properties of the Impact of Event Scale. Psychology Research and Behavior Management. 2015;8 287-294.
Hojat M, Ward J, Spandorfer J, Arenson C, Van Winkle L, Williams B. The Jefferson Scale of Attitudes Toward Interprofessional Collaboration (JeffSATIC): development and multi-institution psychometric data. Journal of Interprofessional Care. 2015;29(3):238-244.
O'Meara P, Williams B, Hickson H. Paramedic instructor perspectives on the quality of clinical and field placements for university educated paramedicine students. Nurse Education Today. 2015;35(11):1080-1084.
Ross L, Boyle M, Williams B. Defibrillation safety: An examination of paramedic perceptions using eye-tracking technology. BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning. 2015;doi:10.1136/bmjstel-2015-000033.
Ross L, Williams B. Improving Paramedic Attitudes towards the Elderly. Clinical Teacher. 2015;12(1):37-44.
Ross L, Williams B, Jennings P. The effectiveness of educational interventions designed to improve health care student behaviors and/or attitudes toward older people: a systematic review protocol. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews & Implementation Reports. 2015;13(7):13-23.
Sawyer S, Coles J, Williams A, Williams B. Preventing and reducing the impacts of intimate partner violence: Opportunities for Australian ambulance services. Emergency Medicine Australasia. 2015;27(4):307-311.
Sifris A, Williams B, Kordouli V. Empathy and mental health. Australian Law Journal. 2015;89(9):38-40.
Williams B, Boyle M, Fielder C. Empathetic attitudes of undergraduate paramedic and nursing students towards four medical conditions: A three-year longitudinal study. Nurse Education Today. 2015;35:e14-e18.
Williams B, Boyle M, Howard S. Empathy Levels in Undergraduate Paramedic Students – A three-year longitudinal study. International Journal of Caring Sciences. 2015;8(1):59-68.
Williams B, Boyle M, Howard S. Attitudes of Paramedic Students towards Specific Medical Conditions: A four-year study. Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice. 2015;13(2).
Williams B, Boyle M, Tozer-Jones J, et al. Undergraduate paramedic students’ empathy levels: A two-year longitudinal study. Journal of Nursing Education Practice. 2015;5(1):58-64.
Williams B, Brown T, Costello S. A cross-cultural investigation into the dimensional structure and stability of the Barriers to Research and Utilization Scale (BARRIERS Scale). BMC Research Notes. 2015;8(601).
Williams B, Brown T, McKenna L, et al. Student empathy levels across 12 medical and health professions: an interventional study. Journal of Compassionate Care. 2015;2(4).
Williams B, Hardy K, McKenna L. Near-Peer Teaching in Paramedic Education: Results from 2011 to 2013. Medical Science Educator. 2015;25:149-156.
Williams B, Hickson H, O'Meara P. Paramedicine students’ views on clinical placement learning using the DREEM inventory. Journal of Nursing Education Practice. 2015;6(2):35-42.
Williams B, Olaussen A, Peterson E. Peer-assisted teaching: An interventional study. Nurse Education in Practice. 2015;15(4):293-298.
Williams B, Perillo S, Brown T. What are the factors of organisational culture in health care settings that act as barriers to the implementation of evidence-based practice? A scoping review. Nurse Education Today. 2015;35(2):e34-e41.
Williams B, Sadasivan S, Kadirvelu A. Malaysian Medical Students’ self-reported Empathy: A cross-sectional Comparative Study. Malaysian Medical Journal. 2015;70(2):76-80.
Williams B, Webb V. A national study of paramedic and nursing students’ readiness for interprofessional learning (IPL): Results from nine universities. Nurse Education in Practice. 2015;35(9):31-37.
Williams, B., Brown, T., McKenna, L., Palermo, C., Morgan, P., & Brightwell, R. (2015). Students’ attitudes towards interprofessional learning: A comparison between two universities. Journal of Allied Health, 44(4), 201-207.
Brown T. Williams, B. (Eds) Evidence-based education: Promoting best practice in the teaching and learning of health professional students. 2014, Radcliffe Publishing, UK.
Williams, B, Maloney, S. . Modes of Pedagogy delivery. In: Brown, T. Williams, B, eds. Evidence-based education: Promoting best practice in the teaching and learning of health professional students. 2014, Radcliffe Publishing, UK.
Williams, B. Edwards, D. Evidence-based Education for Paramedics. In: Brown, T. Williams, B, eds. Evidence-based education: Promoting best practice in the teaching and learning of health professional students. 2014, Radcliffe Publishing, UK.
Williams, B. Brown, T. Benson, R. Providing feedback in e-learning environments. In: Molloy, E., Boud, D, eds. Feedback in Health Care Education. Routledge 2013: 125-139.
Power S, Williams B. Cardiovascular Emergencies. In: Curtis K, Ramsden C, Friendship J, eds. Emergency and Trauma Care. Sydney: Mosby Elsevier 2011: 489-534.
van Dreven A, Williams B. Professional development. In: Curtis K, Ramsden C, Friendship J, eds. Emergency and Trauma Care. Sydney: Mosby Elsevier 2011: 93-108.
Nestel D, Williams B, Villanueva E. Cost Effectiveness in Medical Education. Walsh K, (ed). Ratcliffe Publishing Ltd, Oxon; UK 2010: 30-39.
McDonell A, Burgess S, Williams B. From Academia to Clinical Practice In: O'Meara P, Grbich C, eds. Paramedics in Australia: contemporary challenges of practice. Sydney, Australia: Pearson Education 2008:181-91.