Dr Susan Baidawi

Senior Research Fellow

PhD Social Work, BSW (Hons), BPharm (Hons)

Email: Susan.Baidawi@monash.edu

Telephone: +61 3 9903 1064


Dr Susan Baidawi is a Senior Research Fellow in the Department of Social Work. Her research lies at the nexus of the child welfare and criminal justice fields, areas in which she holds significant research experience. She has conducted and authored outputs for numerous studies, reviews and evaluations in the child protection, out-of-home care, leaving care and youth justice fields.

Dr Baidawi is funded by an Australian Research Council Discovery Early Career Research Award (DECRA) Fellowship (2019-21) for the project "Dual child protection and youth justice clients: expanding the evidence base".  This project investigates the phenomenon of children who cross over from statutory child protection systems into youth justice systems, and is being conducted in partnership with the Children's Court of Victoria. The analysis will draw data from Children’s Court files and international policy, and expects to generate new knowledge regarding the characteristics and trajectories of crossover children, and to improve understandings of how this group differs from children only involved with child protection or youth justice systems. The findings will inform novel and effective approaches to preventing and responding to the drift of children from child protection into youth justice systems which will improve social and economic outcomes for young people and the broader community.


Social Work in the Criminal Justice System, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Research

Research Interests

Child Protection, Youth Justice, Older Prisoners


ARC DECRA (2019-21) $335,700: Dual child protection and youth justice clients: expanding the evidence base. This project investigates the phenomenon of children who cross over from statutory child protection systems into youth justice systems, and is being conducted in partnership with Children’s Court of Victoria.

Select Publications

Baidawi, S. (2019). 'Crossover children: Examining initial criminal justice system contact among child protection-involved youth'. Australian Social Work, doi: 10.1080/0312407X.2019.1686765.

Baidawi, S. (2016). Older prisoners: psychological distress and associations with mental health history, cognitive functioning, socio-demographic and criminal justice factors. International Psychogeriatrics, 28(3), 385-395.

Baidawi, S., Mendes, P., & Saunders, B. (2017). The complexities of cultural support planning for Indigenous children in and leaving out-of-home care: The views of service providers in Victoria, Australia. Child and Family Social Work22(2), 731-740.

Baidawi, S., Mendes, P., & Snow, P.C. (2014). Young people in, and transitioning from, out-of-home care and their mental health issues: A call for evidence. Children Australia, 39(4), 200-205.

Baidawi, S., & Sheehan R. (2019). 'Crossover Kids' - Offending by Child Protection-involved youth. Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, no. 582.

Baidawi, S., & Sheehan, R. (2019). 'Maltreatment and Delinquency: Examining the Contexts of Offending amongst Child Protection-Involved Children'. British Journal of Social Work, doi: 10.1093/bjsw/bcz113.

Baidawi, S., & Trotter, C. (2015). Psychological distress among older prisoners: A literature review. Journal of Forensic Social Work, 5(1-3), 234-257. 

Baidawi, S., Trotter, C., & Flynn, C. (2016). Prison experiences and psychological distress among older inmates. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 59(3), 252–270.

Baidawi, S., Trotter, C., & O'Connor, D. W. (2016). An integrated exploration of factors associated with psychological distress among older prisoners. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology27(6), 815-834.

Ellem, K., Baidawi, S., Dowse, L., Smith, L. (2019). Services to young people with complex support needs in rural and regional Australia: Beyond a metro-centric repsonse’. Children & Youth Services Review, 99, 97-106.

Ellem, K., Smith, L., Baidawi, S., et al. (2020). Transcending the Professional-Client Divide: Supporting young people with complex needs through transitions. Child & Adolescent Social Work, doi: 10.1007/s10560-020-00651-x.

Lansdell, G., Saunders, B., Eriksson, A., Bunn, R., & Baidawi., S. (2018). ’I am not drunk, I have an ABI’: findings from a qualitative study into systemic challenges in responding to people with acquired brain injuries in the criminal justice system. Psychiatry, psychology and Law, 25(5), 737-758.

Mendes, P., Baidawi, S., & Snow, P.C. (2014). Transitioning from out-of-home care in Victoria: Strengthening support services for dual clients of child protection and youth justice. Australian Social Work, 67(1), 6-23.

Mendes, P., Baidawi, S., & Snow, P.C. (2014). Young people transitioning from out-of-home care: A critical analysis of leaving care policy, legislation and housing support in the Australian state of Victoria. Child Abuse Review23, 402-404.

Trotter, C., & Baidawi, S. (2015). Older prisoners: Challenges for inmates and prison management. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology48(2), 200-218.

Trotter, C., Baidawi, S., & Evans, P. (2015). Good practice in community-based supervision of Aboriginal youth offenders. Australian Social Work, 68(1), 5-18.

Trotter, C., Evans, P., & Baidawi, S. (2019). Collaborative Family Work in Youth Justice. Australian Social Work. DOI: 10.1080/0312407X.2019.1618886.

Trotter, C., Evans, P., & Baidawi, S. (2017). The effectiveness of challenging skills in work with young offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology61(4), 397-412.

Trotter, C., Flynn, C., & Baidawi, S. (2017). The impact of parental incarceration on children’s care: Identifying good practice principles from the perspective of imprisoned primary carer parents. Child and Family Social Work22(2), 952-962.

Books/Book chapters

Baidawi, S. (Forthcoming in 2019). Older prisoners – a challenge for correctional services. In P. Raynor, F. McNeill, F. Taxman, C. Trotter, P. Ugwudike & H. Graham (Eds.), The Routledge Companion to Rehabilitative Work in Criminal Justice. Routledge.

Baidawi, S & Sheehan, R. (2019).  'Crossover' Children in the Youth Justice and Child Protection Systems, (Routledge).  

Flynn, C., McDermott, F., & Baidawi, S. (2016). Counting and Measuring: Questionnaires, scales and secondary analyses. In C. Flynn & F. McDermott (Eds.), Doing Research in Social Work and Social Care: The journey from student to practitioner researcher. London: Sage Publications.

Forrest, G., Baidawi, S., Atkinson, T., Small, H., & Bernoth, M. (2016). Previously unrecognised issues: Managing the health of an ageing prison and homeless population. In Bernoth & Winkler (Eds.), Healthy Ageing and Aged Care. South MelbourneOxford University Press.

Mendes, P., Saunders, B. & Baidawi, S. (2019). The experiences of Indigenous young people transitioning from out-of-home care in Victoria, Australia. In V.R. Mann-Feder & M. Goyette (Eds.), Leaving Care and the Transition to Adulthood: International Contributions to Theory, Research and Practice. New York: Oxford University Press.

Mendes, P., & Baidawi, S. (2017). Social work academia and policy in Australia. In J. Gal & I. Weiss (Eds.), Where Academia and Policy Meet. Bristol: Policy Press.

Mendes, P., Snow, P.C. & Baidawi, S. (2016). Young people transitioning from out-of-home care in Victoria: Strengthening support services for dual clients of Child Protection and Youth Justice.  In P. Mendes & P.C. Snow (Eds.), Young People Transitioning from Care: International research, policy and practice: Palgrave Macmillan.

Susan.Baidawi Research: Monash University Research