Weight management is about GOOD HEALTH, not about good looks.
WHAT IS A HEALTHY WEIGHT ?
This is assessed by Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist circumference.
BODY MASS INDEX (BMI) = WEIGHT kg
- BMI between 19-25 =healthy
- BMI between >25 -30 = overweight
- BMI > 30 = obese
- BMI between 19-25 = healthy
- BMI between 24-26.9 = overweight
- BMI > 27 = obese.
How to measure your waist
1. Find the top of your hip bone and the bottom of your ribs.
2. Breathe out normally.
3. Place the tape measure midway between these points and wrap it around your waist.
4. Check your measurement.
FOR CAUCASIAN AND ASIAN WOMEN: For women, over 80cm (about 31.5 inches) indicates a moderate increased health risk and over 88cm (about 34.5 inches) indicates a substantially increased risk
WHY IS BEING OVERWEIGHT A CONCERN ?
- For every 1 kg gained from the age 18, a women's odds of surviving past 70 years drops 5%
- Women who already overweight at age 18 and then gain more than 10 kilograms later in life only have about a 20% chance of surviving to age 70 in good health
- The most common diseases related to being overweight are cancer, heart disease, diabetes and liver disease.
WEIGHT AND PREGNANCY
- Being overweight may make it harder to become pregnant and is associated with increased rates of miscarriage
- More complications with pregnancy
- Diabetes of pregnancy
- Delivery complications
- Bad effects on the developing baby
- Congenital malformations
- Perinatal death
- Childhood obesity
WEIGHT AND CANCER
Among women, study results have confirmed strong relationships between high BMI and endometrial cancer, gallbladder cancer, kidney cancer, and oesophageal cancer. Being overweight increases the risk of postmenopausal breast cancer by 20% and being obese increases the risk of breast cancer by 40%.
Being overweight gives women a 2-4 times risk of developing endometrial cancer regardless of menopausal status.
WEIGHT AND HEART DISEASE
Research shows that excess body weight is a major risk factor for heart disease. There is an association between excess body weight and atherosclerosis (fatty and fibrous deposits on the inner wall of arteries) and high blood pressure.
WEIGHT AND DIABETES
Excess body weight is a risk factor for diabetes as being overweight can interfere with the body's production of, and resistance to, insulin. In Australian data adults who are obese are seven times as likely as those who were of normal weight or underweight to have diabetes as those who were of normal weight or underweight.
WEIGHT AND LIVER DISEASE
Excess body fat is recognised as a risk factor for liver disease. People who were obese were around four times as likely as those who were of normal weight or underweight to have abnormal liver function tests.
Similarly to cardiovascular disease, young people who were obese were also at higher risk of liver disease
The above advice is a general guide to treatments currently available in Australia and was accurate at the time of production of this document. This information is provided to complement, not replace, the advice of your health professional.