Goal 3: Good Health and Well-Being
Good health is essential to sustainable development and Goal 3 reflects the complexity and interconnectedness of the two. Goal 3 targets seek to address global improvements in maternal health for women and babies, increasing life expectancy for all and reducing some of the most common and preventable causes of death, such as measles.
This goal has three areas of focus - child health, maternal health and diseases, and each has an emphasis on gender-based discrimination, since women and girls are at risk of increased rates of violence and exclusion from healthcare. The COVID-19 global pandemic has exacerbated these problems and dramatically reduced childhood immunisations around the globe.
More than 6 million children died before the age of 5 in the year 2018. These children were mostly from sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia. Maternal mortality in developing countries is still 14 times higher than in first world countries. Demand for family planning outstrips supply and HIV remains the biggest killer of reproductive-age-women across the world.
Reducing maternal mortality rates, ending preventable deaths of children under 5, protection against HIV, tuberculosis and malaria outbreaks and significantly reducing hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases by 2030 are key goals for the UN and its partners.
Other targets include reducing death from traffic accidents, ensuring universal access to sexual health care, reducing tobacco smoking rates and many others.
Australia's Progress towards Goal 3
The Transforming Australia: SDG Progress Report provides key information about how Australia is progressing towards achievement of the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
Visit the Transforming Australia website to see Australia’s progress towards Goal 3.
Do you want to know how to achieve the SDGs?
MSDI has partnered with McMaster University to create the world's most comprehensive repository of research evidence. Click here for the latest evidence and research from around the world aligned with Goal 3.
How is Monash helping to improve global health and wellbeing?
Monash Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences is the largest faculty at Monash. We are a leading international medical research university, recognised for the breadth and depth of our research, for our commitment to translational research, for the quality and scale of our research capability, and as a thriving biotechnology hub. Through our research and by educating the healthcare workforce of the future, our staff, students and alumni directly improve quality of life.
The Monash University Accident Research Centre (MUARC) is Australia's largest and most respected accident and injury prevention research organisation. Victorian road safety is just one example of MUARC's research at work. In 1989, there were 776 people killed on Victorian roads. Today, through Government action based on MUARC research, Victorian roads are amongst the safest in the world, with fewer than 250 deaths per year.
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