Mechanisms for differential GPCR:effector coupling
G protein coupled receptors can be activated to a varied extent by different ligands. This is the basis for partial efficacy, which has been exploited for a subset of medicines. We have previously shown that the calcitonin receptor, when activated by different peptides, stimulates distinct rates of nucleotide exchange at its G protein transducer. This occurs due to a ligand-promoted difference in the nucleotide affinity of the G protein. Unanswered is the question of whether this is due to absolute conformational differences or differences in protein dynamics.
The project will involve the use of bi-orthogonal fluorescent labelling strategies on G proteins. Interaction of these fluorescent labels will then be investigated using single molecule dynamics with an emphasis on the utility of (Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy – Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer) FLIM-FRET in addition to a suite of other techniques.
The candidate will receive all the required training to conduct the project but must have a strong desire to assume ownership of the project and work independently.
Students would engage in three lab rotations in Year 1 prior to selection of a project and supervisory team.