Description vs. analysis

Some students make the mistake of thinking that reflective writing simply requires you to recount an event or describe a scenario. Reflection within university assignments pushes beyond this. It requires you not only to narrate or describe, but also to analyse.

Consider the differences in the following examples between describing what happened, and analysing what happened. One simply recounts what took place, while the other explores why events unfolded as they did. It considers theories that help explain what happened, and the significance of these things for your teaching and learning.

Activity

In the following activity there are two pieces of writing: for each, select the option below that best describes the kind of writing in the passage.