It is important to recognise that in most pieces of writing you will need to present your position on a topic or at least indicate your attitude to what you are reporting. This will be the result of your research. While personal opinions might be based only on one person’s experiences and coloured by emotion, an academic position or justification will be logical, rational and supported by evidence.
The paragraph in the above activity could be rewritten as below so that the writer establishes their position while introducing the topic, then uses the literature to support their position. This need not be explicitly stated, but can be done through the choice of vocabulary and the way the ideas of others are presented and examined. Click on the Information icons to learn more.