Forensic medical science encompasses a number of disciplines including anthropology, forensic toxicology and forensic pharmacology, mortuary technical science, forensic imaging, and the application of molecular biology to human identification.
The field is focused on the recognition, identification, and evaluation of physical evidence. It has become an essential part of the judicial system, as it utilises a broad spectrum of sciences to discover and analyse information relevant to criminal and legal evidence.
Forensic science may prove the existence of a crime, the perpetrator of a crime, or a connection to a crime through the examination of physical evidence, administration of tests, interpretation of data, clear and concise reporting, and truthful testimony of a forensic scientist.
Forensic science has become an integral part of many criminal cases and convictions, with objective facts through scientific knowledge serving both defense and prosecution arguments. The testimony of forensic scientists has become a trusted component of many civil and criminal cases, as these professionals are concerned not with the outcome of the case; only with their objective testimony based purely on scientific facts.