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Liam Smith

Contact

Associate Professor Liam Smith 
Director - BehaviourWorks Australia  
E: liam.smith@monash.edu
P: +61 3 9904 7107


Biography

Liam Smith is the Director of BehaviourWorks Australia at the Monash Sustainable Development Institute.  Prior to taking up this role, he was Director of the Tourism Research Unit, also at Monash University.  Liam helped establish BehaviourWorks and as Director, has overseen its significant growth since inception.  He has recently overseen the creation of a new Strategic Plan for BehaviourWorks and over the next five years will direct the transition from a sustainability-focused research unit to one with a broader public good focus conducting research on behavioural issues in health, State revenues and workplace safety.

Liam's primary research interest is human behaviour and he has investigated several behavioural antecedents including emotion, attitudes, norms and values. He has published over 50 peer-reviewed journal articles, book chapters and reports on human behaviour and behaviour change.  Almost all of Liam's, and BehaviourWorks', research has been conducted in partnerships and projects he has worked on focus on human behaviour and behaviour change in the areas of water, energy, waste, litter, pollution, climate change adaptation and wildlife conservation with collaborators in all levels of Government, NGO's and the private sector.

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Keywords

zoos, persuasion for behaviour change, pro-environmental behaviour

Qualifications

DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY
Institution: Monash University
Year awarded: 2009
MPHIL
Institution: Monash University
Year awarded: 2005
TOURISM
Institution: James Cook University / Townsville
Year awarded: 2001
SCIENCE (RESOURCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT)
Institution: Australian National University
Year awarded: 1994

Publications

Books

Ramkissoon, H., Smith, L.D.G., Kneebone, S.C., 2015, How Influencing Behaviours Can Accelerate the Transition to a Water Sensitive City, Cooperative Research Centre for Water Sensitive Cities, Clayton Vic Australia.

Book Chapters

Smith, L., Weiler, B., Ham, S., 2011, The rhetoric versus the reality: A critical examination of the zoo proposition, in Zoos and Tourism: Conservation, Education, Entertainment?, eds Warwick Frost, Channel View Publications, Bristol UK, pp. 59-68.

Journal Articles

Ramkissoon, H., Smith, L.D.G., 2014, The relationship between environmental worldviews, emotions and personal efficacy in climate change, International Journal of Arts & Sciences [P], vol 7, issue 1, International Journal of Arts & Sciences, Cumberland RI USA, pp. 93-109.

Ramkissoon, H., Smith, L.D.G., Kneebone, S.C., 2014, Visitor satisfaction and place attachment in national parks, Tourism Analysis [P], vol 19, issue 3, Cognizant Communication Corp, Putnam Valley NY USA, pp. 287-300.

Ramkissoon, H., Weiler, B.V., Smith, L.D.G., 2013, Place attachment, place satisfaction and pro-environmental behaviour: a comparative assessment of multiple regression and structural equation modelling, Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events [P], vol 5, issue 3, Routledge, Abingdon Oxon United Kingdom, pp. 215-232.

Ramkissoon, H., Smith, L.D.G., Weiler, B.V., 2013, Relationships between place attachment, place satisfaction and pro-environmental behaviour in an Australian national park, Journal of Sustainable Tourism [P], vol 21, issue 3, Routledge, Abingdon UK, pp. 434-457.

Ramkissoon, H., Smith, L.D.G., Weiler, B.V., 2013, Testing the dimensionality of place attachment and its relationships with place satisfaction and pro-environmental behaviours: A structural equation modelling approach, Tourism Management [P], vol 36, Pergamon, Oxford UK, pp. 552-566.

Smith, L.D.G., 2013, Visitors or visits? An examination of zoo visitor numbers using the case study of Australia, Zoo Biology [P], vol 32, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken NJ USA, pp. 37-44.

Smith, L.D.G., Weiler, B.V., Smith, A.M., Van Dijk, P.A., 2012, Applying visitor preference criteria to choose pro-wildlife behaviors to ask of zoo visitors, Curator: The Museum Journal [P], vol 55, issue 4, Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken NJ USA, pp. 453-466.

Ramkissoon, H., Weiler, B., Smith, L.D.G., 2012, Place attachment and pro-environmental behaviour in national parks: The development of a conceptual framework, Journal of Sustainable Tourism [P], vol 20, issue 2, Routledge, Abingdon UK, pp. 257-276.

Smith, L.D.G., Curtis, J.M., Mair, J.F., Van Dijk, P.A., 2012, Requests for zoo visitors to undertake pro-wildlife behaviour: how many is too many?, Tourism Management [P], vol 33, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 1502-1510.

Van Dijk, P.A., Smith, L.D.G., Weiler, B.V., 2012, To re-enact or not to re-enact? Investigating the impacts of first- and third-person interpretation at a heritage tourism site, Visitor Studies [P], vol 15, issue 1, Routledge, Philadelphia PA USA, pp. 48-61.

Van Dijk, P., Smith, L., Cooper, B., 2011, Are you for real? An evaluation of the relationship between emotional labour and visitor outcomes, Tourism Management [P], vol 32, issue 1, Pergamon, United Kingdom, pp. 39-45.

Smith, L., Ham, S., Weiler, B., 2011, The impacts of profound wildlife experiences, Anthrozoos [P], vol 24, issue 1, Berg Publishers, Oxford UK, pp. 51-64.

Smith, L., Warwick, A., Ballantyne, R., Packer, J., 2011, Using websites to influence visitor behavior, Journal of the International Zoo Educators' Association [P], vol 47, International Zoo Educators Association, Liebefeld Switzerland, pp. 38-41.

Smith, L., Curtis, J., Van Dijk, P., 2010, What the zoo should ask: The visitor perspective on pro-wildlife behavior attributes, Curator: The Museum Journal [P], vol 53, issue 3, Wiley-Blackwell, USA, pp. 339-357.

Smith, L., Van Dijk, P., Curtis, J., 2010, When does the zoo start to nag? Testing the limits for pro-wildlife behaviour requests, Journal of the International Zoo Educators' Association [P], vol 46, International Zoo Educators Association, Switzerland, pp. 47-50.

Weiler, B.V., Smith, L.D.G., 2009, Does more interpretation lead to greater outcomes? An assessment of the impacts of multiple layers of interpretation in a zoo context, Journal of Sustainable Tourism [P], vol 17, issue 1, Routledge, United Kingdom, pp. 91-105.

Smith, L.D.G., 2009, Identifying behaviors to target during zoo visits, Curator: The Museum Journal [P], vol 52, issue 1, Wiley-Blackwell, USA, pp. 101-115.

Smith, L.D.G., Broad, S., Weiler, B.V., 2008, A closer examination of the impact of zoo visits on visitor behaviour, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, vol 16, issue 5, Routledge, UK, pp. 544-562.

Smith, L.D.G., Broad, S., 2008, Comparing zoos and the media as conservation educators, Visitor Studies, vol 11, issue 1, Routledge, UK, pp. 16-25.

Smith, L.D.G., Broad, S., 2008, Do zoo visitors attend to conservation messages? A case study of an elephant exhibit, Tourism Review International, vol 11, issue 3, Cognizant Communication Corp, USA, pp. 225-235.

Smith, L.D.G., Weiler, B.V., Ham, S.H., 2008, Measuring emotion at the zoo, Journal of the International Zoo Educators' Association, vol 44, issue 2008, International Zoo Educators Association, Switzerland, pp. 26-31.

Smith, L.D.G., 2007, A qualitative analysis of profound wildlife encounters, Journal of Dissertations, vol 1, issue 1, Scientific Journals International, USA, pp. i-172.

Conference Proceedings

Broad, S., Smith, L.D.G., 2004, Who educates the public about conservation issues? Examining the role of zoos and the media, International Toursim and Media Conference Proceedings, 24 November 2004 to 26 November 2004, Tourism Research Unit, Monash University, Melbourne Vic Australia, pp. 15-23.

Other

Morgan, D.J., Matthews, B.L., Smith, L.D.G., Andronaco, R., 2014, Assessment of visual attention to water quality safety signs using laboratory-based eye tracking equipment, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-21.

Morgan, D.J., Smith, L.D.G., Matthews, B.L., 2014, Beach report signage testing, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-19.

Brent, D.A., Leibbrandt, A., Smith, L.D.G., 2014, Economic incentives for managing peak electricity demand: review, options and context analysis, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-38.

Ramkissoon, H., Smith, L.D.G., 2014, Evaluating the effectiveness of wipe for wildlife and its campaign elements, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-34.

Merton, E., Mair, J.F., Smith, L.D.G., 2014, Examining and improving cogeneration of knowledge between research and policy: in depth analysis of two VCCCAR projects., Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-16.

Gregory, J., Mair, J.F., Merton, E., Smith, L.D.G., 2013, A literature and practice review for the Research-Policy Project: knowledge co-production milestones 1 & 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-27.

Gregory, J., Mair, J.F., Merton, E., Smith, L.D.G., 2013, A literature and practice review for the research-policy project, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-27.

Kneebone, S.C., Smith, L.D.G., 2013, Accelerating transitions to water sensitive cities by influencing behaviour, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-37.

Ramkissoon, H., Smith, L.D.G., Curtis, J.M., 2013, Evaluation of home composting and food waste avoidance trial, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-28.

Mair, J.F., Merton, E., Smith, L.D.G., 2013, Examining and improving cogeneration of knowledge between research and policy, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-15.

Smith, L.D.G., Judd, S.M., 2013, Examining employee beliefs about upselling memberships at Zoos Victoria, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-24.

Curtis, J.M., Smith, L.D.G., Jungbluth, L., 2013, Identifying beliefs underlying home composting behaviours in the City of Whitehorse, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-35.

Curtis, J.M., Smith, L.D.G., Curtis-Wendlandt, L.H., Ramkissoon, H., 2013, Improving compliance outcomes: An examination of the experiences and practices of EPA Victoria's environment protection officers, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-50.

Brace-Govan, J.V.F., Oppewal, H., Binay, I., Smith, L.D.G., 2013, Mapping decision making processes by new home buyers, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-41.

Newton, J., Smith, L.D.G., 2013, Preventing illegal dumping on charitable recyclers, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-57.

Taylor, T.Z., Smith, L.D.G., Curtis, J.M., 2012, Current behaviour change research in relation to litter prevention, Australia, Melbourne, pp. 1-51.

Smith, L.D.G., Curtis, J.M., Gangadharan, L., Raschky, P., Symmons, M.A., Newton, F.J., Verplanken, B., 2011, Review of Ergon Energy's demand management programs, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-119.

Smith, L.D.G., Curtis, J.M., Van Dijk, P.A., 2009, Asking visitors to become active in conservation. How many requests are too many?, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-33.

Postgraduate Research Supervisions

Current Supervision

Program of Study:
(DOCTORATE BY RESEARCH).
Thesis Title:
Behaviour change and project portfolio management.
Supervisors:
Smith, L (Main), Ambrosini, V (Associate).
Program of Study:
(DOCTORATE BY RESEARCH).
Thesis Title:
Building broad-based public demand for the reversal of rising income inequality in Australia.
Supervisors:
Smith, L (Main), Gangadharan, L (Associate), Grossman, P (Associate).
Program of Study:
(DOCTORATE BY RESEARCH).
Thesis Title:
Catalysing water saving behaviours in urban Australian households.
Supervisors:
Smith, L (Main), Ramkissoon, H (Associate).
Program of Study:
(DOCTORATE BY RESEARCH).
Thesis Title:
UsingBehaviour Change Research and Practice to Influence Community Acceptance of TOD.
Supervisors:
Curtis, J (Main), Smith, L (Associate).

Completed Supervision

Student:
Carrillo Higueras, F.
Program of Study:
The antecedents and the impact of environmental commitment in Australian wine industry. (PHD) 2014.
Supervisors:
Prajogo, D (Main), Smith, L (Associate), Mcloughlin, I (Associate).
Student:
Ramkissoon, H.
Program of Study:
Place attachment, place satisfaction and pro-environmental behaviour: a case study of the Dandenong Ranges National Park. (PHD) 2012.
Supervisors:
Smith, L (Joint-Co), Weiler, B (Joint).