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Welcome to the Biomedical Signal Processing Research Lab

Department of Electrical and Computer Systems Engineering

Our Research

Our research focuses on medical devices, particularly applications of advanced signal processing, machine learning and physiological modelling to develop affordable and reliable healthcare technologies, towards saving lives and reducing healthcare costs. Aiming to minimise the current and future burden of diseases, our research is applied in cardiovascular and respiratory health fields, maternal, foetal and neonatal health, diabetes, mental health, prevention of road accidents and MORE!

A list of available final year projects (FYP) can be found here (internal access only).


  • 30  Apr 2021   BSPL welcomes  Dr Chiranjibi Sitaula who is joining our team as a research fellow.
  • 7 Apr 2021    BSPL welcomes Dr Yuxin Zhang, who just joined our team as a postdoctoral research fellow, working on "Fetal Kicks" research funded by NHMRC Ideas grant.
  • 26 Feb 2021    congratulations to PhD student Ethan Grooby on receiving 2021 MedTech Actuator Menzies Scholarship. It is well deserved for his outstanding achievements and passion for med-tech innovation for neonatal health.
  • 22 Feb 2021     BSPL welcomes Emma Perkins who just started her PhD on detecting driver drowsiness using a hybrid detection scheme.
  • 15 Dec 2020    Delighted to receive an NHMRC Ideas grant ($1M) for our research on "soft wearable patches for stillbirth prevention" led by Prof Wenlong Cheng, in collaboration with Prof Jonathan Morris, Dr William Yap, Dr Vin Smith and Prof Euan Wallace. We aim to develop AI-powered soft wearable patches for out-of-hospital fetal monitoring to help prevent stillbirths.
  • 27 Nov 2020    PhD student Ethan Grooby received the 2nd best poster prize in Tri-University workshop.

Our Team

We have a vibrant research team of undergraduate and post graduate students, interns and research assistants.

Lab Head:

Photo of Faezeh Marzbanrad

Dr Faezeh Marzbanrad joined Monash University in June 2016, where she is currently a lecturer (assistant professor). She completed her Ph.D. in 2016, in electrical and electronic engineering at the University of Melbourne, with IPRS and APA scholarships funded by the Australian Government. During her PhD and afterwards, she received several awards including the Len Stevens scholarship from University of Melbourne in 2014, student paper award from IEEE Australia council in 2014, and the finalist award of the student paper competition at IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference (EMBC 2014) in Chicago, IL, USA. She also received Mortara fellowship in September 2017 and honorable mention for Rosanna Degani Young Investigator Award in both 2015 and 2016, from Computing in Cardiology. Her research interests include biomedical signal processing, machine learning and statistical data analysis, low-cost medical devices, mobile-health as well as foetal, maternal and neonatal healthcare technologies.

Academic Profile:

Research fellows:

1- Dr  Chiranjibi Sitaula (2021 - present)

2- Dr Yuxin Zhang (2021 - present)

3- Dr Fatemeh Babaeian (2020 - present)

4- Dr Jinyuan (Sam) He (2020)

PhD students:

1- Emma Perkins (2021 to present), "Detecting driver drowsiness using a hybrid detection scheme".

2- Ethan Grooby (2020 to present), "Affordable and portable audio-visual system for neonatal health
monitoring". (Monash-UBC PhD)

3- Yunzhi Ling (2016 to 2019 - graduated), "A flexible, transparent and multiple stimuli electronic skin consisting of nanopaper and nanocopper for physiological monitoing", Jointly supervised with Prof Wenlong Cheng (Monash Chem Eng).

Masters students:

1- Wenqi Cai (2017), "Automated diagnosis of digital breath sounds".

Undergraduate students (FYP)

30+ FYP students have been working in this research group on various projects, including smart wearable devices for physiological monitoring, drowsiness detection devices, interactive virtual reality-based systems and affordable mobile-health systems for cardiovascular and mental health, etc.


  • Sasha Jain and Merry Le won the runner-up award at SPARK Night 2017 for their outstanding work: "DriveMate: A drowsiness detection and alert system for drivers"..

Research interns:

  1. Julie Kiewsky (Jun-Sep 2019), ENSEIRB-MATMECA, France, "Analysis of breath sounds in preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome".
  2. Davood Fattahi (Mar-Sep 2019), Shiraz University, Iran, "Analysis and characterisation of chest sounds for cardio-respiratory monitoring of preterm neonates".
  3. Mathieu Acchiardi (Jun-Sep 2018), ENSEIRB-MATMECA, France, "Automated assessment of neonatal breath sound".
  4. Benjamin Wu (Nov 2017- Feb 2018), summer research intern, Monash University.
    • Benjamin received People's Choice Award at the faculty-wide competition, for his outstanding work and presentation: "Touching the Sound: Sensory Substitution Rings for the Hearing Impaired".
  5. Negin Yaghmaei (Jul-Sep 2017), Sharif University of Technology, Iran, "Automated Quality Assessment of Physiological Signals".
  6. Matthieu Da Silva Filarder (Feb-Jul 2017), ENSEIRB-MATMECA, France, "Detecting Atrial Fibrillation from a Short Single Lead ECG Recording".

Open PhD positions:

I am looking for high calibre engineering students to join our team. Applicants must meet the university’s academic and English language requirements to apply for the PhD program. If eligible and interested, you are encouraged to complete the Expression of Interest(EOI) form.


Recent Publications

Book Chapter:

  1. F. Marzbanrad, Y. Kimura, M. Palaniswami, et al., ”Fetal Heart Rate Variability”. ECG Time Series Variability Analysis: Engineering and Medicine, 18, CRC Press, ISBN 9781482243475, 2017.

Journal Papers:

  1. A. Adami, R. Boostani, F. Marzbanrad, P.H. Charlton "A New Framework to Estimate Breathing Rate From Electrocardiogram, Photoplethysmogram, and Blood Pressure Signals" IEEE Access, 9, 45832-45844, 2021.
  2. A. H. Khandoker, H. M. Al-Angari, F. Marzbanrad, Y. Kimura "Investigating myocardial performance in normal and sick fetuses by abdominal Doppler signal derived indices" Current Research in Physiology, 4, 29-38, 2021.
  3. E. Grooby, J. He, J. Kiewsky, D. Fattahi, L. Zhou, A. King, A. Ramanathan,A. Malhotra, G. A. Dumont, F. Marzbanrad "Neonatal heart and lung sound quality assessment for robust heart and breathing rate estimation for telehealth applications" IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, Accepted, Dec 2020.
  4. A. C. Kevat, F. Marzbanrad, R. Roseby "Making digital auscultation accessible and accurate" Pediatric Pulmonology, 2020.
  5. F. Marzbanrad, N. Yaghmaie, and H. F. Jelinek "A framework to quantify controlled directed interactions in network physiology applied to cognitive function assessment." Scientific Reports 10.1: 1-13, 2020.
  6. C. E. Valderrama, N. Katebi, F. Marzbanrad, P. Rohloff, and G. D. Clifford. "A review of fetal cardiac monitoring, with a focus on low-and middle-income countries." Physiological Measurement, 2020.
  7. N. Katebi, F. Marzbanrad, L. Stroux, C. E. Valderrama, and G. D. Clifford. "Unsupervised hidden semi-Markov model for automatic beat onset detection in 1D Doppler ultrasound." Physiological Measurement 41, no. 8: 085007, 2020.
  8. C. E. Valderrama, F. Marzbanrad, M. Juarez, R. Hall-Clifford, P. Rohloff and G. D. Clifford, "Estimating birth weight from observed postnatal weights in a Guatemalan highland community", Physiological Measurement,  2020.
  9. L. Zhou, F. Marzbanrad, A. Ramanathan, D. Fattahi, P. Pharande and A. Malhotra, "Acoustic analysis of neonatal breath sounds using digital stethoscope technology", Pediatric Pulmonology,  2020.
  10. A. Ramanathan, F. Marzbanrad, K. Tan, F.T. Zohra, M. Acchiardi, R. Roseby, A. Kevat and A. Malhotra "Assessment of breath sounds at birth using digital stethoscope technology", European Journal of Pediatrics, 1-9,  2020.
  11. S. Gong, L.W. Yap, B. Zhu, Q. Zhai, Y. Liu, Q. Lyu, K. Wang, M. Yang, Y. Ling, D.T. Lai, F. Marzbanrad and W. Cheng "Local Crack‐Programmed Gold Nanowire Electronic Skin Tattoos for In‐Plane Multisensor Integration", Advanced Materials 31 (41), 1903789,2019.
  12. A. King, D. Blank, R. Bhatia, F. Marzbanrad and A. Malhotra, "Tools to assess lung aeration in neonates with respiratory distress syndrome", Acta Paediatrica,2019.
  13. A. Ramanathan, L. Zhou, F. Marzbanrad, R. Roseby, K. Tan, A. Kevat and A. Malhotra, "Digital stethoscopes in paediatric medicine", Acta Paediatrica, 108(5), pp.814-822, 2019.
  14. C. E. Valderrama, L. Stroux, N. Katebi, E. Paljug, R. Hall-Clifford, P. Rohloff, F. Marzbanrad and G. D. Clifford, "An open source autocorrelation-based method for fetal heart rate estimation from one-dimensional Doppler ultrasound", Physiological measurement, 40(2), p.025005, 2019.
  15. N. Yaghmaie, M. A. Maddah-Ali, H. F. Jelinek and F. Mazrbanrad, "Dynamic signal quality index for electrocardiograms", Physiological measurement, 39(10), p.105008, 2018.
  16. F. Marzbanrad, L. Stroux, and G. D. Clifford. "Cardiotocography and beyond: a review of one-dimensional Doppler ultrasound application in fetal monitoring." Physiological measurement 39.8 (2018): 08TR01.*Featured article*
  17. A. H. Khandoker, F. Marzbanrad, and Y. Kimura. "Recent Advances in Doppler Signal Processing and Modelling Techniques for Fetal Monitoring." Frontiers in Physiology 9 (2018): 691.
  18. C. V. Cuadros, F. Marzbanrad, L. Stroux, et al., “Template-based Quality Assessment of the Doppler Ultrasound Signal for Fetal Monitoring”, Frontiers in Physiology , 8: 511, 2017.
  19. F. Marzbanrad, A. H. Khandoker, Y. Kimura, et al., “Assessment of Fetal Development Using Cardiac Valve Intervals”, Frontiers in Physiology, 8:313, 2017.
  20. F. Marzbanrad, A. Khandoker, B. Hambly, et al., “Methodological comparisons of heart rate variability analysis in genotyped diabetic patients”, IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, vol.20, no.1, pp.55-63, 2016.
  21. A. Khandoker, F. Marzbanrad; A. Voss, et al., “Analysis of Maternal-Fetal Heart Rate Coupling Directions with Partial Directed Coherence”. Journal of Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, 30, pp. 25-30, 2016.
  22. F. Marzbanrad, Y. Kimura, M. Palaniswami, et al., “Quantifying the Interactions between Maternal and Fetal Heart Rates by Transfer Entropy”. PLoS One, 10.12, 2015.
  23. F. Marzbanrad, Y. Kimura, K. Funamoto, et al., “Model based Estimation of Aortic and Mitral valves Opening and Closing Timings in Developing Human Fetuses”. IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, vol.20, no.1, pp.240-248, 2014.
  24. F. Marzbanrad, Y. Kimura, K. Funamoto, et al., “Automated estimation of fetal cardiac timing events from Doppler ultrasound signal using hybrid models,” IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, vol.18, no.4, pp.1169-1177, 2013. *Featured article*

Conference Papers:

  1. CE. Valderrama, F. Marzbanrad, L. Stroux, et al., "Improving the Quality of Point of Care Diagnostics with Real-Time Machine Learning in Low Literacy LMIC Settings", ACM SIGCAS Conference on Computing and Sustainable Societies (COMPASS), 2018.
  2. F. Marzbanrad, G. Clifford, “Analyzing Fetal and Maternal Cardiorespiratory Interactions During Labor”, Computing in Cardiology Conference (CinC), 2017.
  3. R. Whitsed, A. Horta, F. Marzbanrad, et al., “Spatial Characterization of Hypertension Clusters using a Rural Australian Clinical Database”, Computing in Cardiology Conference (CinC), 2017.
  4. R. Allami, A. Stranieri, HF. Jelinek, F. Marzbanrad, et al., “Atrial Fibrillation Analysis for Real Time Patient Monitoring”, Computing in Cardiology Conference (CinC), 2017.
  5. M. Da Silva--Filarder, F. Marzbanrad, “Combining Template-based and Feature-based Classification to Detect Atrial Fibrillation from a Short Single Lead ECG Recording”, Computing in Cardiology (CinC ), 2017.
  6. S. Maleki, F. Marzbanrad, P. Warner and HF. Jelinek, "Use of Heart Rate Variability Infographics in Identification of Depression Status Complementing the Patient Health Questionnaire-9", IEEE Life Sciences Conference (LSC), 2017.
  7. F. Marzbanrad, C. Karmakar, A. Khandoker, et al., “The Influence of Pharmacological Autonomic Blockades on Multi-Scale Measures of Heart Rate Variability”. European Medical and Biological Engineering Conference (EMBEC), 2017.
  8. A. Khandoker, H. Alangari, F. Marzbanrad, et al., “Investigating fetal myocardial function in heart anomalies by Doppler myocardial performance indices”. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society Conference (EMBC), 2017.
  9. F. Marzbanrad, A. H. Khandoker, Y. Kimura, et al., ”Estimating Fetal Gestational Age Using Cardiac Valve Intervals”. Computing in Cardiology Conference (CinC), 11-14 Sep 2016.
  10. A. H. Khandoker, F. Marzbanrad, Y. Kimura, et al., ”Assessing the development of fetal myocardial function by a novel Doppler myocardial performance index”. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society Conference (EMBC), 2016.
  11. F. Marzbanrad, M. Endo, Y. Kimura,  et al.,  “Transfer Entropy Analysis of Maternal and Fetal Heart Rate Coupling”, IEEE  Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference EMBC 2015.
  12. F. Marzbanrad, A. Khandoker, et al., “Classification of Doppler Ultrasound Signal Quality for the Application of Fetal Valve Motion Identification”, Computing in Cardiology (CinC), 2015.
  13. F. Marzbanrad, A. Khandoker, M. Endo, et al., “A Multi-dimensional Hidden Markov Model Approach to Automated Identification of Fetal Cardiac Valve Motion”, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference EMBC 2014, pp.1885-1888.
  14. F. Marzbanrad, Y. Kimura, M. Palaniswami, et al., “Application of Automated Fetal Valve Motion Identification to Investigate Fetal Heart Anomalies”. IEEE EMBS Healthcare Innovation Conference (HIC), 2014 IEEE , vol., no., pp.243-246, 2014. doi: 10.1109/HIC.2014.7038920
  15. F. Marzbanrad, Y. Kimura, M. Endo, et al., “Automated measurement of fetal Isovolumic Contraction Time from Doppler ultrasound signal without using fetal electrocardiography”, Computing in Cardiology Conference (CinC), 2014 , vol., no., pp.485-488, 2014.
  16. F. Marzbanrad, B. Hambly, E. Ng, et al., “Relationship Between Heart Rate Variability and Angiotensinogen Gene Polymorphism in Diabetic and control individuals”, IEEE  Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference EMBC 2014, pp. 6683-6686.
  17. F. Marzbanrad, Y. Kimura, K. Funamoto, et al., “Development of fetal cardiac intervals throughout 16 to 41 weeks of gestation,” In Computing in Cardiology (CinC), 2013.
  18. F. Marzbanrad, HF. Jelinek, E. Ng, et al., “The effect of automated preprocessing of RR interval tachogram on discrimination capability of Heart Rate Variability parameters,” In Computing in Cardiology Conference (CinC), 2013, pp. 483-486. IEEE, 2013.
  19. F. Marzbanrad, A. H. Khandoker, K. Funamoto,  et al., “Automated Identification of fetal cardiac valve timings,” In Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 35th Annual International Conference of the IEEE, pp. 3893-3896. IEEE, 2013.
  20. Q. Wang, A. H. Khandoker, F. Marzbanrad, et al., “Investigating the beat by beat phase synchronization between maternal and fetal heart rates,” In Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 35th Annual International Conference of the IEEE, pp. 3821-3824. IEEE, 2013.

Contact us

For any inquiries please contact Dr Faezeh Marzbanrad at:

+61 3 9905 1893

Room 225, 14 Alliance Lane, Clayton 3800 VIC

Department of Electrical and Computer Systems Engineering

Monash University