Hanegraaf, L., van Baal, S., Hohwy, J., Verdejo-Garcia, A. (2021). A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of ‘Systems for Social Processes’ in Borderline Personality and Substance Use Disorders. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews.

Corcoran, A., Macefield, V., Hohwy, J. (2021). Be still my heart: Cardiac regulation as a mode of uncertainty reduction. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review.

van Baal, S. T., Walasek, L., & Hohwy, J. (2021). Staying home so you can keep going out: A multiplayer self-isolation game modelling pandemic behaviour. PsyArxiv Preprint.

Gadsby, S. (2021). Imposter Syndrome and Self-Deception. Australasian Journal of Philosophy: 1-15.

Perrykkad, K., Lawson, R., Jamadar, S., Hohwy, J. (2021). The Effect of Uncertainty on Prediction Error in the Action-Perception Loop. Cognition.

Sasan, D., Ward, P. G., Nash, M., Orchard, E. R., Farrell, M. J., Hohwy, J., & Jamadar, S. (2021). ‘Phantom Kicks’: Women’s Subjective Experience of Foetal Kicks after the Postpartum Period. Journal of Women's Health 30:1, 36-44 [preprint]

Gadsby, S., & Hohwy, J. (2021). Why use predictive processing to explain psychopathology? The case of anorexia nervosa. In The Philosophy and Science of Predictive Processing (Eds.) S. Gouveia, R. Mendonça, & M. Curado. Bloomsbury. Pp. 209-226.


Klein, C., Bayne, T., Hohwy, J. (2020). Explanation in the Science of Consciousness: From the Neural Correlates of Consciousness (NCCs) to the Difference Makers of Consciousness (DMCs). Philosophy & the mind sciences 1(II), 4.

Seth, A., Hohwy, J. (2020). Predictive processing as an empirical theory for consciousness science. Cognitive Neuroscience. DOI: 10.1080/17588928.2020.1838467

Hohwy, J., & Seth, A. (2020). Predictive processing as a systematic basis for identifying the neural correlates of consciousness. Philosophy & the Mind Sciences 1(II), 3,

Ounjai, K, Suppaso, L., Hohwy, J., Lauwereyns, J. (2020). Tracking the Influence of Predictive Cues on the Evaluation of Food Images: Volatility Enables Nudging. Frontiers in Psychology 11:569078. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.569078.

Skewes, J., Kemp, T, Paton, B., Hohwy, J. (2020). How are attention, learning, and social cognition related on the non-clinical autistic spectrum? Acta Psychologia 210: 103157.

Kiefer, A. B. (2020). Psychophysical identity and free energy. Journal of The Royal Society Interface 17(169): 20200370.

Woźniak, M., Hohwy, J. (2020). Stranger to my face: top-down and bottom-up effects underlying prioritization of images of one’s face. PLOS ONE 15(7): e0235627.

van Baal, S. T., & Hohwy, J. (preprint). Risk perception and personal responsibility during COVID-19: An experimental study of the role of imperative vs reasoning-based communication for self-isolation attitudes.

Negro, N. (2020). Phenomenology-first versus third-person approaches in the science of consciousness: the case of the integrated information theory and the unfolding argumentPhenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences.

Hebblewhite, A., Hohwy, J., Drummond, T. (2020). Events and machine learning. Topics in Cognitive Science 13: 243-247.

Hohwy, J., Hebblewhite, A., Drummond, T. (2020), Events, event prediction and predictive processing, Topics in Cognitive Science 13: 252-255.

Corcoran, A., Pezzulo, G., Hohwy, J. (2020). From allostatic agents to counterfactual cognizers: Active inference, biological regulation, and the origins of cognition. Biology & Philosophy. [Preprint]

Hohwy, J. (2020), Self-supervision, normativity and the free energy principle, Synthese, 10.1007/s11229-020-02622-2.

Hohwy, J. (2020), New directions in predictive processing, Mind & Language 35(2): 209-223. doi: 10.1111/mila.12281.

Hanegraaf, L., Arunogiri, S., Hohwy, J., Verdejo-Garcia, A. (2020), Dysfunctional Personality Beliefs and Emotion Recognition in Individuals with Methamphetamine Dependence, Addictive Behaviors 105: 106336.

Marchi, F., Hohwy, J. (2020), The intermediate scope of consciousness in the predictive mind, Erkenntnis. DOI: 10.1007/s10670-020-00222-7.

Matthews, J., Nagao, K. J., Ding, C., Newby, R., Kempster, P., & Hohwy, J. (2020), "Impaired perceptual sensitivity with intact attention and metacognition in functional motor disorder", Cortex 125: 161-174. [PsyArXiv pre-print].

Perrykkad, K., & Hohwy, J. (2020) "Fidgeting as Self-Evidencing: A predictive processing account of non-goal-directed action", New Ideas in Psychology, 56, 100750.

Perrykkad, K.Hohwy, J. (2019). Modelling Me, Modelling You: the Autistic Self, Review Journal for Autism and Developmental Disorders 7: 1-31.


Kiefer, A., Hohwy, J. (2019). Prediction and Representation. In Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology. Robins, S., et al (eds.). Routledge. Pp. 384-410. doi:

Gordon, N., Hohwy, J., Davidson, M. J., van Boxtel, J., & Tsuchiya, N. (2019). From Intermodulation Components to Perception and Cognition – a Review. Neuroimage.

Gordon, N., Tsuchiya, N., Koenig-Robert, R., Hohwy, J. (2019). Expectation and attention increase the integration of top-down and bottom-up signals in perception through different pathways. PLoS Biology 17(4): e3000233.

Hohwy, J. (2019). Quick’n’dirty or slow and rich? Clark on predictive processing and embodied cognition in Andy Clark and his critics. (Eds.) L. Irvine, M. Stapleton, M. Colombo. OUP.

Hohwy, J. (2019). Phenomenology and cognitive science: Don’t fear the reductionist bogey-man. Australasian Philosophical Review 2(2):138-144. [Comment on target article by Shaun Gallagher]

Robinson, J. E., Woods, W., Breakspear, M., Kaufman, J., Leung, S., Young, A, & Johnston, P. (2019). Expectancy violations in the dorsal and ventral stream: A double dissociation study. NeuroImage.

Gadsby, S. (2019). Body representations and cognitive ontology: Drawing the boundaries of the body image. Consciousness and Cognition, 74, 102772.

Gadsby, S. (2019). Manipulating body representations with virtual reality: clinical implications for anorexia nervosa. Philosophical Psychology, 32:6, 898-922.

Corcoran, A. W. (2019). Cephalopod molluscs, causal models, and curious minds. Animal Sentience, 4(26): 13

Parr, T. P., Corcoran, A. W., Friston, K. J., & Hohwy, J. (2019). Perceptual awareness and active inference. Neuroscience of Consciousness, 5(1): niz012. doi: 10.1093/nc/niz012

Perrykkad, K. (2019). Adaptive Behaviour and Predictive Processing Accounts of Autism, Brain and Behavioural Sciences, 42, e82: 1-73.

Perrykkad, K., & Hohwy, J. (2019). When big data aren’t the answer, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201902050. [reply from authors] [unpublished comments on reply]

Gadsby, S., & Hohwy, J. (forthcoming). Why use predictive processing to explain psychopathology? The case of anorexia nervosa, in The Philosophy and Science of Predictive Processing (Eds.) S. Gouveia, R. Mendonça, & M. Curado. Bloomsbury.

Van De Cruys, S., Perrykkad, K., & Hohwy, J. (2019). Explaining hyper-sensitivity and hypo-responsivity in autism with a common predictive coding-based mechanism, Cognitive Neuroscience, 1-2. doi:10.1080/17588928.2019.1594746

Woźniak, M., Knoblich, G. (2019) Self-prioritization of fully unfamiliar stimuli, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.

Tappin, B., & Gadsby, S. (2019). Biased belief in the bayesian brain: a deeper look at the evidence, Consciousness and Cognition, 65, 107-114.


Hohwy, J. (2018). Prediction error minimization in the brain. In Routledge Handbook to the Computational Mind. M. Sprevak and M. Colombo (eds.). Oxford: Routledge. pp. 159-172.

Corcoran, A., Hohwy, J. (2018). Allostasis, interoception, and the free energy principle: Feeling our way forward in The Interoceptive Mind. (Eds.) Manos Tsakiris & Helena De Preester. OUP Press.

Matthews, J., Wu, J., Corneille, V., Hohwy, J., van Boxtel, J., Tsuchiya, N. (2018). Sustained conscious access to incidental memories in RSVP. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics.

Ding, C., Palmer, C., Hohwy, J., Youssef, G., Paton, B., Tsuchiya, N., Stout, J., Thyagarajan, D. (2018). Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson’s disease changes perception in the Rubber Hand IllusionScientific Reports vol. 8, Article number: 13842 (2018).

Hohwy, J. (2018). The predictive processing hypothesis. In The Oxford Handbook of 4E Cognition. Newen, A, Bruin, L., Gallagher, S. (eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pp. 129-146.

Matthews, J., Nagao, K. J., Ding, C., Newby, R., Kempster, P., & Hohwy, J.(2018, September 18). Impaired perceptual sensitivity with intact attention and metacognition in functional motor disorder.

Gadsby, S. (2018). Self-deception and the second factor: How desire causes delusion in anorexia nervosaErkenntnis. 1-18

Gadsby, S., & Williams, D. (2018). Action, affordances, and anorexia: body representation and basic cognition. Synthese. 1-21

Woźniak, M. (2018). “I” and “Me”: the self in the context of consciousnessFrontiers in Psychology: Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology.

Gadsby, S. (2018). How are the spatial characteristics of the body represented? A reply to Pitron & de Vignemont, Consciousness and Cognition, 62, 183-168.

Woźniak, M., Kourtis, D., Knoblich, G. (2018). Prioritization of arbitrary faces associated to self: An EEG studyPLoS ONE, 13(1), e0190679.

Van Doorn, G., De Foe, A., Wood, A., Wagstaff, D., Hohwy, J. (2018). Down the rabbit hole: Assessing the influence of schizotypy on the experience of the Barbie Doll Illusion. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry.

Corcoran, A. W., G. Pezzulo and J. Hohwy (2018)Commentary: Respiration-Entrained Brain Rhythms Are Global but Often OverlookedFrontiers in Systems Neuroscience 12(25).

Bayne, T., J. Hohwy and A. M. Owen (2018). Response to ‘Minimally conscious state or cortically mediated state?’. Brain: awy023-awy023. Letter to the editor. Response from Naccache.

Carter, O., J. Hohwy, J. van Boxtel, V. Lamme, N. Block, C. Koch and N. Tsuchiya (2018). Conscious machines: Defining questionsScience 359(6374): 400-400. [Letter to the editor].


Bayne, T., Hohwy, J., Owen, A. (2017). Reforming the Taxonomy in Disorders of ConsciousnessAnnals of NeurologyDOI: 10.1002/ana.25088.

Burgess, J., Lum, J., Hohwy, J., Enticott, P. (2017). Echoes on the motor network: How internal motor control structures afford sensory experience. Brain Structure and Function. DOI: 10.1007/s00429-017-1484-1.

Ding, C. Palmer, C., Jakob Hohwy, J., Youssef, G.J., PhD; Paton, P., Tsuchiya, N., C Stout, J., Thyagarajan, D. (2017). Parkinson’s disease alters multisensory perception: insights from the Rubber Hand Illusion. Neuropsychologia  97: 38–45.

Gadsby, S. (2017). Explaining body size beliefs in anorexia. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 22(6), 495-507.

Gordon, N., Koenig-Robert, R., Tsuchiya, N., van Boxtel, J.J.A., Hohwy, J.(2017) Neural markers of predictive coding under perceptual uncertainty revealed with Hierarchical Frequency TaggingeLife 2017;10.7554/eLife.2274

Hohwy, J., Michael, J. (2017). Why should any body have a self? In The Subject’s matter: Self-consciousness and the body. Vignemont, F., Alsmith, A. (eds.). MIT Press.

Hohwy, J. (2017). "How to entrain your evil demon" in T. Metzinger & W. Wiese (Eds.). Philosophy and predictive processing. Frankfurt am Main: MIND Group. doi: 10.15502/9783958573048. ISBN: 978-3-95857-138-9.

Hohwy, J. (2017). Priors in perception: Top-down modulation, Bayesian perceptual learning rate, and prediction error minimization. Consciousness & Cognition 47: 75-85. Special issue on predictive coding and cognitive penetration edited by A Newen, F Marchi, and P Brössel.

John Michael, J, Wolf, T., Letesson, C., Butterfill, S., Skewes, J., Hohwy, J. (in print). Seeing it both ways: Using a double-cueing task to investigate the role of spatial cueing in level-1 visual perspective-taking. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.

Kiefer, A., Hohwy, J. (2017). Content and misrepresentation in hierarchical generative models. Synthese 195(6), 2387-2415. Special issue on Predictive Brains. M. Kirchhoff (ed.). 10.1007/s11229-017-1435-7.

Palmer, C., Lawson, B., Hohwy, J. (2017). Bayesian approaches to autism: towards volatility, action, and behaviourPsychological Bulletin 143(5): 521-542.


Bayne, T., Hohwy, J., Owen, A. (2016). “Response to Fazekas and Overgaard: Degrees and Levels.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20(10): 716-717.

Bayne, T., Hohwy, J., Owen, A. (2016). Are there levels of consciousness?Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20(6): 405-413.

Bayne, T., Hohwy, J. (2016). Modes of consciousness. In Finding Consciousness: The neuroscience, ethics and law of severe brain damage. W. Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.), New York: Oxford University Press. Pp. 57-82.

Hohwy, J. Prediction, agency and body ownership. (2016). In: The Pragmatic Turn: Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science, ed. A. K. Engel, K. J. Friston, and D. Kragic. Strüngmann Forum Reports, vol. 18, J. Lupp, series editor. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.


Hohwy, J. (2015) Prediction error minimization, mental and developmental disorder, and statistical theories of consciousness. In Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness, R. Gennaro (ed.) Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, pp. 293-324.

Hohwy, J. (2015). The neural organ explains the mindOpen MIND. Metzinger, T., and Windt, J. (eds.). (With commentator Dominic Harkness: From explanatory ambition to explanatory power, and response from me: Varieties of Bayesian explanation.) A print version of this work is forthcoming with MIT Press 2016.

Hohwy, J. & Bayne, T. (2015). The Neural Correlates of Consciousness: Causes, Confounds and Constituents. in The Constitution of Phenomenal Consciousness: Toward a science and theory. S. Miller (ed). Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp155 – 176.

Hohwy, J., Paton, B., Palmer, C. (2015). Distrusting the PresentPhenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 15(3): 315-335. DOI: 10.1007/s11097-015-9439-6

Klein, C., Hohwy, J. (2015). Variability, convergence, and dimensions of consciousness. In Behavioural Methods in Consciousness Research. M Overgaard (ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Palmer, C., Paton, B., Enticott, P., Hohwy. J. (2015). ‘Subtypes’ in the presentation of autistic traits in the general adult populationJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 45(5): 1291-1301. DOI:10.1007/s10803-014-2289-1.

Palmer, C. J., Paton, B., Kirkovski, M., Enticott, P. G., Hohwy, J. (2015). Context sensitivity in action decreases along the autism spectrum: a predictive processing perspective. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 282(1802) . DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2014.1557. [IFL Science write-up]

Palmer, C., Seth, A., Hohwy, J. (2015). The felt presence of other minds: predictive processing, counterfactual predictions, and mentalising in autismConsciousness & Cognition 36: 376–389. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2015.04.007

Seth, A., He, B., Hohwy, J. (2015). EditorialNeuroscience of Consciousness.

Van Doorn, G., Paton, B., Howell, J., Hohwy, J. (2015). Attenuated self-tickle sensation even under trajectory perturbationConsciousness & Cognition 36: 147-153. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2015.06.016


Bayne, T. Hohwy, J. 2014. Global Disorders of ConsciousnessWiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science 5(2): 129–138.

Hohwy, J. (2014) Elusive phenomenology, counterfactual awareness, and presence without mastery (Commentary on target article by Anil Seth). Cognitive Neuroscience.

Hohwy, J. (2014). The self-evidencing brainNoûs. doi: 10.1111/nous.12062.

Hohwy, J., Palmer, C. (2014). Social cognition as causal inference: implications for common knowledge and autism, in Mattia Gallotti and John Michael (Eds.), Social Ontology and Social Cognition, Springer Series “Studies in the Philosophy of Sociality”, Vol. 4.

Kaplan, R.A., Enticott, P.G., Hohwy, J., Castle, D.J., Rossell, S.L. (2014). Is Body Dysmorphic Disorder Associated with Abnormal Bodily Self-Awareness? A Study Using the Rubber Hand IllusionPLoS ONE 9(6):e99981.

van Doorn, G., Hohwy, J., Symmons, M. 2014. Can you tickle yourself if you swap bodies with someone else? Consciousness & Cognition 23: 1-11. [Penultimate draft]. Written up in New Scientist ; listed on BBCBBC post.


Bayne, T., Hohwy, J. 2013. Consciousness: Theoretical approaches. In A.E. Cavanna, A. Nani, H. Blumenfeld, S. Laureys (eds.), Neuroimaging of Consciousness, 23. Berlin: Springer Verlag. DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-37580-4_2.

Hohwy, J. 2013. Delusions, illusions, and inference under uncertaintyMind & Language 28: 57-71. DOI: 10.1111/mila.12008.

Palmer, C., Paton, B., Barclay, L., Hohwy, J. 2013. Equality, efficiency, and sufficiency: Responding to multiple parameters of distributive justice during charitable distribution. The Review of Philosophy and Psychology  4(4) 659-674.

Palmer, C., Paton, B., Hohwy, J., Enticott, P. 2013. Movement under uncertainty: The effects of the rubber-hand illusion vary along the nonclinical autism spectrum. Neuropsychologia 51(10): 1942-1951.

Palmer, C. J. Paton, B., T. Ngo, T. T., Thomson, R. H., Hohwy, J., and M. Miller, S. M. 2013. Individual differences in moral behavior: A role for response to risk and uncertainty? Neuroethics. Online First. 2012DOI: 10.1007/s12152-012-9158-4.

Paton, B., Skewes, J., Frith, C., Hohwy, J. 2013. Skull-bound perception and precision optimization through culture. Behavioural and Brain Sciences. 36(3):42. Commentary on target paper by Andy Clark.


Hohwy, J. 2012. Attention and conscious perception in the hypothesis testing brainFrontiers in Psychology 3:96. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00096. See also the Frontiers Research Topic, edited by N. Tsuchiya and J. v Boxtel.

Hohwy, J. & Fox, E. 2012. Preserved aspects of consciousness in disorders of consciousness: A review and conceptual analysisJournal of Consciousness Studies. 19 (3-4): 87-120.

Hohwy, J. & Rajan, V. 2012. Delusions as Forensically Disturbing Perceptual InferencesNeuroethics 5(1): 5-11. doi: 10.1007/s12152-011-9124-6

Paton, B., Hohwy, J., Enticott, P. 2012. "The rubber hand illusion reveals proprioceptive and sensorimotor differences in autism spectrum disorders", Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 42(9): 1870-1883,. DOI: 10.1007/s10803-011-1430-7. [Final draft]

Van Doorn, G., Hohwy, J., Symmons, M. 2012. Capture of kinesthesis by a competing cutaneous inputAttention, Perception, & Psychophysics 74(7): 1539-1551. DOI: 10.3758/s13414-012-0327-7.


Hohwy, J. 2011. Phenomenal variability and introspective reliabilityMind & Language 26(3): 261-286.

Hohwy, J. 2011. Mind-brain identity and evidential insulationPhilosophical Studies 153(3): 377-395. doi: 10.1007/s11098-010-9524-1.


Hohwy, J., Paton, B. 2010. Explaining away the body: experiences of supernaturally caused touch and touch on non-hand objects within the rubber hand illusion. PLoS ONE 5(2): e9416.