Flora

Flora

Flora that has been observed in the JMR;

Indigenous species

Native species outside their normal range, Environmental weeds and Introduced species


Ecological Vegetation Class (EVC)

It is difficult to determine the exact vegetation that existed within the reserve prior to European settlement because the area was mostly cleared for agriculture and mining.

The topography of the area, together with the limited remnant trees still present, are the only definitive clues to the indigenous vegetation that would have existed in the reserve at the time. An ecological vegetation class (EVC) is a component of the vegetation classification system developed and used by the state of Victoria, Australia, since 1994, for mapping floristic biodiversity. Ecological vegetation classes are groupings of vegetation communities based on floristic, structural, and ecological features. There are 2 EVC's that exist in the JMR;

  1. The lower levels of the site are waterlogged alluvial flats, together with the presence of scattered remnant swamp gums Eucalyptus ovata, indicates that the area would have originally been EVC 937 Swampy Woodland. Currently, the ‘Swampy Woodland’ within the reserve consists of a scattered canopy of swamp gums Eucalyptus ovata with an understorey composed of shrubs. The clumps of remnant Swamp gums are a priority for protection and the basis of restoration works.
  2. The higher ground in the northeast of the reserve, being the lower slopes of higher open plains, would have been EVC 175 Grassy Woodland, though no original vegetation exists.


Flora that has been observed in the JMR;

Flora assessments that were undertaken to compile these lists include;

  • 2010 BIOSIS research
  • 2021 Practical Ecology (This was a general assessment only. Presence of some species may have been missed)

Indigenous species

Common Name Scientific Name Present during
2021 assessment
Black wattle Acacia mearnsii
Blackwood Acacia melanoxylon
Hedge wattle Acacia paradoxa
Golden wattle Acacia pycnantha 
Prickly moses Acacia verticillata
Bidgee-widgee Acaena novae-zelandiae
Sheoak Allocasuarina spp.
Sweet bursaria Bursaria spinosa
Tall sedge Carex appressa
Drooping cassinia Cassinia arcuata
Centella Centella cordifolia 
Blueberry lily or Black anther flax Lily Dianella revoluta
Sticky hop bush Dodonaea viscosa
Common spike sedge Eleocharis acuta
Tall Spikerush Eleocharis sphacelata
Variable Willow herb Epilobium billardierianum  
Yellow Box Eucalyptus melliodora  
Swamp gum Eucalyptus ovata
Manna gum Eucalyptus viminalis viminalis
Thatch saw sedge Gahnia radula
Hop Goodenia Goodenia ovata
Golden Tip Goodia lotifolia 
Hakea Hakea spp.
Pennywort Hydrocotyle spp.
Small St John’s Wort Hypericum gramineum  
Green rush Juncus gregiflorus  
Pale rush Juncus pallidus
Broom rush Juncus sarophorus  
Rush Juncus spp.
White teat-tree or Burgan Kunzea ericoides 
Common blown grass Lachnagrostis filiformis  
Spiny headed mat rush Lomandra longifolia
Swamp paperbark Melaleuca ericifolia
Weeping grass Microlaena stipoides 
Myoporum Myoporum 
Mutton wood Myrsine howittiana
Daisy bush Olearia spp.
Grassland wood sorrel Oxalis perennans
Slender knotweed Persicaria decipiens
Hazel pomaderris Pomaderris aspera
Common purslane Portulaca oleracea
Jersey cudweed Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum  
Copper awned wallaby grass Rytidosperma fulvum  
Kneed wallaby grass Rytidosperma geniculatum  
Slender wallaby grass Rytidosperma racemosum   
Wallaby grass Rytidosperma spp.
Cotton burnweed Senecio quadridentatus
Hill fireweed Senecio hispidulus 
Large Kangaroo apple Solanum laciniatum
Water ribbons Triglochin spp.
Streaked arrowgrass Triglochin striata  
Broadleaf cumbungi Typha orientalis
Trailing speedwell Veronica plebeia  
Sprawling bluebell Wahlenbergia gracilis  

Native species outside of their normal range, Environmental weeds and Introduced species

Status of Species
# = introduced (non-native) 
Δ = considered an Environmental weed in the JMR and current priority for removal/management
Ö = considered an Environmental weed in the JMR but future priority for removal/management
§ = invasive

Learn more about Environmental weeds in the JMR.

You may need to scroll right to see all the columns
Common Name Scientific NameStatus Present during
2021 assessment
Cootamundra wattle Acacia baileyana Δ  
Silver wattle Acacia dealbata 
Lightwood Acacia implexa 
Browntop bent Agrostis capillaris  
Pimpernel Anagallis arvensis  
Sweet vernal grass Anthoxanthum odoratum Ö, §
Capeweed Arctotheca calendula 
Oat Avena spp.  
Prairie grass Bromus catharticus Ö
Kikuyu Cenchrus clandestinus Ö
Spear thistle Cirsium vulgare Ö
Cotoneaster Cotoneaster glaucophyllus Δ
Bindweed Convolvulus arvensis Δ  
Mirror bush Coprosma repens Δ
Hawthorn Crataegus monogyna Δ
Couch Cynodon dactylon 
Drain flatsedge Cyperus eragrostis Ö
Tree Fern Dicksonia antarctica 
Panic veldt grass Ehrharta erecta var. erecta Ö
Annual veldt grass Ehrharta longifolia 
Stink grass Eragrostis cilianensis  
Flaxleaf fleabane Erigeron bonariensis  
River redgum Eucalyptus camaldulensis 
White fumitory Fumaria capreolata 
Bastards fumitory Fumaria bastardii 
Desert Ash Fraxinus angustifolia Δ
Cleavers Galium aparine Ö
Silky oak Grevillea robusta Δ
English or common ivy Hedera helix #, Δ
Yorkshire fog Holcus lanatus #, §
Flatweed Hypochaeris radicata Ö
Black coral pea Kennedia nigricans Δ  
Norfolk Island Hibiscus Lagunaria patersonia Δ  
Brush box or Queensland box Lophostemon confertus 
Giant honey myrtle Melaleuca armillaris subsp. armillaris 
Prickly paperbark Melaleuca styphelioides 
Red flower mallow Modiola caroliniana  
Soursob Oxalis pes-caprae 
Paspalum Paspalum dilatatum   
Native Passion fruit Passiflora herbertiana §
Red ink weed Phytolacca octandra #, Δ
Sweet pittosporum Pittosporum undulatum Δ,§
Ribwort Plantago lanceolata  
Blackberry Rubus fruticosus  #, Δ, §
Slender pigeon grass Setaria parviflora   
Black nightshade Solanum nigrum  
Common sow thistle Sonchus oleraceus #
Chickweed Stellaria media  
Aster weed Symphyotrichum subulatus #
Garden dandelion Taraxacum officinale   
White clover Trifolium repens  #
Gorse Ulex europaeus Ö  

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