BOb draws together an international network of critical criminologists and researchers from related disciplines who work in connection with key NGOs to examine border crossings and irregular migration differently, putting the experiences of human beings at the centre.
Sharon Pickering is a highly-regarded leader in Australia’s education sector. She is Dean of Arts at Monash University, building humanities and social sciences to create the next generation of leaders. She is also Professor of Criminology and a leading expert on Australian criminal justice and criminology and refugee law. She is regarded as a global expert on border crossings, migration and trafficking and is the founder of the Border Crossing Observatory, working with NGOs, government agencies and law enforcement. Previously she worked across South East Asia and Northern Ireland on counter-terrorism policing, human rights and women. She was the editor of Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology.
She is an award-winning author, writing 16 books and over 60 articles and chapters and in 2012 won the Australian Human Rights Award for print and online media on human rights and asylum. She is a sought after speaker, regularly quoted in the media and in her downtime, can be found at the football supporting Geelong Cats.
Leanne Weber is Associate Professor of Criminology, Director of the Border Crossing Observatory and Australian Research Council Future Fellow in the School of Social Sciences at Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. She is the Program Leader for Borders and Border Control with her expertise in border control and migration policing using criminological and human rights frameworks.
Her books include The Routledge International Handbook on Criminology and Human Rights, 2017 (with Elaine Fishwick and Marinella Marmo), Policing Non-Citizens, 2013 (Routledge), Stop and Search: Police Power in Global Context, 2013 (Routledge, with Ben Bowling) and Globalization and Borders: Death at the Global Frontier, 2011 (Palgrave, with Sharon Pickering).
Marie Segrave is the Program Leader for Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery and a Researcher with The Border Crossing Observatory. Marie is also a Researcher at the Monash Gender and Family Violence. She researches in a wide range of areas but her work is primarily concerned with migration, regulation, exploitation, and criminalisation.
Marie’s current research projects are focused on temporary migration & labour exploitation in Australia, temporary migration and family violence and human trafficking and modern slavery.
Rebecca Powell is the Managing-Director of the Border Crossing Observatory and the Research Manager of MMIC. She has worked as a senior researcher on a number of irregular migration research projects hosted by the Border Crossing Observatory and has previous experience working as an international research consultant on trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants for the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the Asia Regional Trafficking in Persons Project.
Rebecca is currently completing a PhD by publications part time titled ‘‘I still call Australia home’: The deportation of convicted non-citizens from Australia and the impact of policy and practice from a criminological perspective’.
Meg Randolph is a research assistant for the Border Crossing Observatory. She supports the Managing Team in various research projects. She also helps Rebecca Powell in the management of the BOb website.
Meg is currently undertaking her PhD research titled, ‘Crossing Borders: A spatial and temporal analysis of the global movement of Australia's offshore detention policies’.
Mary Bosworth is the Director of the Centre for Criminology and Director of Border Criminologies, an interdisciplinary research group focusing on the intersections between criminal justice and border control. In addition to being Professor of Criminology, she is a Fellow of St Cross College at the University of Oxford and, concurrently, Professor of Criminology at Monash University. Prof. Bosworth conducts research into the ways in which prisons and immigration detention centres uphold notions of race, gender and citizenship and how those who are confined negotiate their daily lives. Her research is international and comparative and has included work conducted in Britain, France, Greece, the US and Australia.
Julie Ham is an Assistant Professor within Department of Sociology at The University of Hong Kong. Julie’s recent research explores the regulation of sex work and migration and its impact on sex workers’ security, mobility and agency. She has published on sex work, anti-trafficking, gender and migration, feminist participatory action research, and activist efforts by trafficking survivors, sex workers and domestic workers.
Dr Sanja Milivojevic is a Senior Lecturer in Criminology at La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia. Her research interests are borders and mobility, human trafficking, security technologies, gender and victimisation, and human rights. Sanja’s most recent research focuses on the use of security technologies in regulating migration in the Western Balkans. She publishes in English and Serbian. Sanja’s latest book Sex Trafficking and Modern Slavery: The Absence of Evidence is published by Routledge (with Segrave and Pickering).
Claudia Tazreiter is a Associate Professor Sociology at the School of Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, UNSW.
Claudia is a political sociologist. Her research focuses on contemporary human rights discourses, migration, the role of civil society, cosmopolitanism and post-conflict reconciliation processes. She has published extensively on migration, human rights, the asylum policies of Western states, the role of non-governmental organizations in policy advocacy, and women’s rights in post-conflict settings.
Francesco Vecchio is an adjunct research fellow and was previously a post-doctoral research fellow in the School of Humanities and Social Sciences. His research interests span across several disciplines with a focus on mixed migratory movements, irregular border crossing and informality. After completing studies in history in Milan and intercultural studies in Padua, he gained work experience in international and non-government organisations across Europe and Asia before landing at Monash University, where he completed a PhD in criminology in 2012. His thesis revealed the experiences of people seeking asylum in Hong Kong and the practice and reason for their illegalisation.
Alison Gerard is the Associate Professor in Law at Charles Sturt University and Director of the Centre for Law and Justice. Alison's legal experience spans criminal law, corporate law, class actions, public international law and legal research. Her research interests include; the securitisation of migration and refugee women, criminalisation of young people in out-of-home care, asylum seeking in Hong Kong, prisons, privatization and the prison-industrial complex, sex work, labour and mobility, feminist legal theory and intersectionality, gender and punishment, and conflict transformation.
Dr. Bodean Hedwards is a criminologist, focused predominantly on responses to slavery, human trafficking and related forms of exploitation in Australia and abroad, and specialises in qualitative research design and implementation. Bodean has conducted research and on these issues with government and non-government organisations, including with the Walk Free Foundation and the Australian Institute of Criminology. In addition to her research, Bodean is currently the project manager for Monash University’s Global Immersion Guarantee; an Australian first initiative that seeks to engage students in issues and solutions to the human impact on the environment in innovative and sustainable ways.
Victoria Canning is senior lecturer in Criminology at the University of Bristol. She has spent over a decade working on the rights of women seeking asylum, specifically on support for survivors of sexual violence and torture. She recently completed an ESRC Research Leaders Fellowship focussing on harmful practice in asylum systems in Britain, Denmark and Sweden, and the gendered implications thereof. Victoria is co-coordinator of the European Group for the Study of Deviance and Social Control and trustee at Statewatch. Her book Gendered Harm and Structural Violence in the British Asylum System won the 2018 British Society of Criminology book prize, and she acted as consultant on the Bafta award winning documentary series Exodus: Our Journey to Europe.
Monish is a Lecturer in Criminology at the Birkbeck, University of London. He has spent over a decade working on the rights of people seeking asylum, and sits on the Boards of the Scottish Refugee Council and Right to Remain. In 2015, he was granted a prestigious Carnegie Trust funding, to carry out a study on destitution, drug use and ‘crimes’ amongst asylum seekers. In 2012-2015, Monish was a co-cordinator of the European Group for the Study of Deviance and Social Control, and is currently one of the acting editors of the Justice, Power and Resistance Journal. His co-edited volumes Media, Crime and Racism (Palgrave, Paperback) and Minorities, Crime and (In) justice were published in 2018. Monish is currently acting as a consultant for the Bezna Theatre on their play called Illegalised.
Follow Monish on Twitter: @DrMonishBhatia
Dr Anthea Vogl is a lecturer in law at the University of Technology Sydney. Her research addresses refugee and migration law and racialised practices of border control, with a particular focus on the use of administrative powers and decision-making to exclude refugee and human rights law. She has published in leading local and international law journals and has worked as a senior researcher on international research grants, focused on comparative refugee and human rights law. In 2018 she was a visiting fellow at the Humbolt University Berlin Institute for Integration and Migration Research (BIM) and was awarded a Social Impact Practice Grant from the Centre for Social Justice and Inclusion for clinical work with refugee legal organisations and service provision in Australia. She is currently researching visa cancellation practices among asylum seeker and refugee populations and the private sponsorship of humanitarian entrants in Australia.
Dr Elyse Methven is a lecturer in law at the University of Technology Sydney. Her research is on the criminal regulation of disorderly behaviour, and the intersection of immigration law and criminal justice. Elyse is currently working on a project with Dr Anthea Vogl on the Code of Behaviour for asylum seekers in the Australian community. The project focuses on the criminogenic nature of the Code, including how it has been used to surveil, stigmatise and increase the precarity of the asylum seeker population living in the community.
Dave Martin is a PhD candidate at La Trobe University Law School. He is researching the human impacts on New Zealandcitizens (and their families) being forcibly removed from Australia underSection 501 of the Migration Act. Dave previously managed a prison organisation in Queensland for eight years.
Michelle Bui is a research assistant in the faculty of Media, Culture and Creative Arts at Curtin University. She is currently involved in a project called Deathscapes which seeks new ways to document, understand, and respond to contemporary racialized violence in the settler states of Australia, Canada and the United States.
Synnøve Jahnsen is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Uni Search Rokkan Centre in Norway.
Melissa Phillips is an Honorary Fellow in the School of Social and Political Sciences at the University of Melbourne and works for the Danish Refugee Council in the area of migration, refugee protection and forced displacement. Melissa’s research focuses on transit migration, identity formation during mobility and the nexus between migration and forced displacement.
Dr Maurice Stierl obtained his doctoral degree at the University of Warwick in the United Kingdom. He now a Leverhulme Early Career Fellow at the University of Warwick.
Dr Anna Szorenyi has a PhD from the Centre for Women’s Studies and Gender Research at Monash University, and lectures in the Department of Gender Studies and Social Analysis at the University of Adelaide. She researches in the area of feminist ethics and global migration, with particular interests in cultural constructions of asylum and trafficking.
Dr Samantha Currie’s research specialises in aspects of European Union law and migration and gender and migration. Specifically, her work has covered migration in the context of the EU’s eastern enlargement, Union citizenship, the cross-border posting of workers in the EU, and women migrants in irregular employment. She is currently a senior lecturer in the Law faculty at the University of Liverpool.
Dr Samanthi Gunawardana’s research interests include rural women, labour and global political economy in South Asia, with an emphasis on internal and international migrant workers. Samanthi has published on organizing women workers and she is currently working on a USAID funded report on the Sri Lankan labour movement’s response to migrant workers. She is currently a Senior Lecture in Gender and Development at Monash University.
Professor Katja Franko Aas is Professor in Criminology at the Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law at The University of Oslo, and a collaborator at The Border Crossing Observatory (BOb). Born in Ljubljana, Slovenia, and studied at the University of Ljubljana where she graduated from the Faculty of Law in 1996.
Dr Maria João Guia is author of a PhD thesis on ‘Immigration, violent crime and crimmigration’ at the University of Coimbra, Portugal. She is Associate Researcher at the Center of Human Rights, at the Faculty of Law, University of Coimbra.
Professor Jean-Pierre Cassarino is a Senior Research Fellow at the European Neighbourhood Policy Chair of the College of Europe. He is also a an associate research at the Research Institute on Contemporary Maghreb (IRMC). He was previously based at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS) of the European University Institute (EUI, Florence, Italy). He has researched and published extensively on migration, particularly on return migration, state-to-state cooperation on readmission/removal of unauthorised persons and the observance of their human rights.
Dr. Kelly Sundberg an Associate Professor in the Department of Economics, Justice, and Policy Studies at the Mount Royal University. He is an Adjunct Professor in the School of Law at the University of Adelaide and a Adjunct Associate Professor in the Faculty of Environmental Design at the University of Calgary. He is also a Fellow of the Canadian Global Affairs Institute. Prior to his academic career, he served fourteen years in various investigative and enforcement positions with what that today is the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA).
Dr Erin O’Brien is a Lecturer in the School of Justice, Queensland University of Technology, Australia. She researches agenda-setting, policy-making and political activism on issues of sex, gender, and justice, and is particularly concerned with the interplay between activists and the state in the construction of knowledge and formation of policy.
Vanessa Barker is Docent and Professor of Sociology at Stockholm University and the Associate Director of Border Criminologies. She has published recent work on democracy and deportation, border control and ethnicity, and the welfare state and comparative penal sanctioning. In the US, she works on questions about the prison and the public sphere.
Raquel Matos is an Associate Professor of Psychology at the Catholic University of Portugal. She is the Director of the Research Centre for Human Development at the Catholic University of Portugal. She researches gender, migration and detention.
Anne McNevin is an Associate Professor of Politics at the New School for Social Research. Prior to this position she was a Lecturer in Politics at Monash University. Anne’s research is focused on the implications of displacement, border control, and irregular migration for the contemporary transformation of sovereignty, citizenship, governance and political community.
Gabriella Sanchez (Ph.D., Arizona State University) is Assistant Professor at the University of Texas El Paso. A socio-cultural anthropologist by training she researches clandestine and criminalized forms of labor along borders from a critical criminology perspective.
Dr Joanne van der Leun is a Professor of Criminology at Leiden Law School the Netherlands. She specializes in migration, crime and policy. She supervises the Bachelor and Masters Curriculum in Leiden. In her current research, Joanne van der Leun focuses on the effects of the convergence of criminal law and migration policies.
A Fulbright Senior Specialist from Arizona State University (ASU), Professor Marjorie Zatz was a visiting scholar at the Monash University School of Political and Social Inquiry (PSI) and The Border Crossing Observatory (BOb) in 2012.
Dr Tiziana Torresi received a BA Hons. from the University of New South Wales, and her DPhil in Politics and International Relations from the University of Oxford, where she also held a lectureship in Politics at Worcester College. Dr Torresi is now currently a Lecture at the University of Adelaide.
A Border Crossing Observatory Collaborator, Savitri Taylor is an Associate Professor in the School of Law at La Trobe University. Her research over the past 20 years has focused on refugee law and asylum policy at the national, regional and international level.
Associate Professor Marinella Marmo researches in the areas of international criminal justice, (including European Union) transnational crime and comparative criminology. She currently works in the area of migration, border control and trafficking in human beings.
Professor Nancy Wonders is a criminologist and political sociologist at Northern Arizona University. For more than a decade, she has conducted comparative, international research that explores how borders are being reconstructed and performed at key border sites in response to globalization.
Doris Marie Provine is a Professor in the School of Justice and Social Inquiry at Arizona State University (ASU). Her areas of interest reflect her background in law (JD Cornell) and political science (Ph.D. Cornell). Professor Provine’s current work revolves around policies concerning unauthorized immigration.
Professor Immanuel Ness is a professor of Political Science at Brooklyn College of the City University of New York (USA). His research focuses on the political economy and marginalization of migrant labor. He is also a Senior Research Associate at the Centre for Social Change, University of Johannesburg.
Professor Dean Wilson from the University of Sussex, UK, has published widely on surveillance including biometrics and border technologies.
Dr Maartje van der Woude is a Professor of Law and Society and the Ledien University in the Netherlands. She is the current chair in the Van Vollenhoven Institute for Law, Goverancy and Society. She obtained a degree in both Criminal Law (LLM) and Criminology (MSc) from Ledien University. In her current research, she focuses on the effects of the convergence of criminal law and migration policies.
Professor Thomas Ugelvik has a PhD in criminology from the University of Oslo. His PhD research was an ethnography of prisoner subjectivation processes in and through the everyday life and power struggles of the institution. His research interests also include crime and the media, gender issues, and cultural criminology.
Dario Melossi is a Professor of Criminology in the School of Law of the University of Bologna. His current research concerns the process of construction of deviance and social control within the European Union, especially with regard to migration processes.
Dr Michael Grewcock is a Senior Lecturer at the University of New South Wales (UNSW). He was a solicitor in London for 13 years, before returning to UNSW to complete his PhD in 2004. He is an expert on state crime, border policing, criminal law and criminology.
inTouch Multicultural Centre Against Family Violence works with women & children from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds (CALD) who are victims/survivors of domestic violence. The service has a pool of bi-lingual and bi-cultural workers who provide assistance and information for women and children escaping domestic violence. inTouch employs a registered migration agent who uses her knowledge of Australia’s migration procedures to offer advice or assistance to women wishing to obtain a visa or remain in Australia.
Same Skies International is a non-religious, politically neutral not-for-profit organisation, registered as an association in Switzerland with local sub-branches in Switzerland, Australia, Malaysia, and soon in Indonesia. Our vision is that refugees in transit live with self-determination and dignity, and our aim is to empower them through innovative capacity-strengthening.
An incorporated association formed in 2013, Oz Kiwi is the peak body representing New Zealanders in Australia. Our campaign advocates for the fair treatment of all New Zealanders resident in Australia. Since 26th February 2001 New Zealanders arriving in Australia can reside indefinitely on the Special Category Visa (SCV) but with limited rights and many SCVs have no pathway to citizenship. Oz Kiwi has a policy paper that outlines options for reforms in six areas, and continues to lobby for change to improve the rights of SCV New Zealanders.
Watch the Med is an online mapping platform to monitor the deaths and violations of migrants’ rights at the maritime borders of the EU. The WatchTheMed project was initiated as part of the 2012 Boats4People campaign in the Central Mediterranean. Today the project further involves a wide network of organisations, activists and researchers.
The International Detention Coalition (IDC) is a unique global network, of over 300 civil society organisations and individuals in more than 70 countries, that advocate for, research and provide direct services to refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants affected by immigration detention. The IDC envisions a world without unnecessary immigration detention.
Migreurop is a network of 44 associations and more than 40 individual members (including researchers and activists) from 17 countries in Africa, the Middle East and Europe who work for the promotion and defense of the rights of migrants trapped at borders. It focuses its work in analysing the European Union policies in migration and asylum especially on detention of migrants, externalisation of border controls, readmission agreements and other associated issues. Contact email@example.com
The Institute of Race Relations (IRR) is a London-based educational charity that publishes the international quarterly journal Race & Class. They also publish weekly bulletins on race and refugee issues in the UK and Europe (IRR News). The Executive Director – Liz Fekete – heads the IRR’s European Research Programme and is author of A Suitable Enemy: Racism, Migration and Islamophobia in Europe.
The Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women (GAATW) is an Alliance of more than 100 non-governmental organisations from Africa, Asia, Europe, LAC and North America. GAATW’s mission is to ensure that the human rights of all migrating women are respected and protected by authorities and agencies.
GAATW promotes rights of women migrant workers and trafficked persons and believes that ensuring safe migration and fair work places should be at the core of all anti-trafficking efforts. They advocate for living and working conditions that provide women with more alternatives in their countries of origin, and to develop and disseminate information to women about migration, working conditions and their rights.
Vision First is a watchdog and advocacy powerhouse aiming to providing activism and advice to refugees in order to mobilize them to effectively safeguard their rights and intervene to oppose abuse. Our programs seek access to refugees confined in isolating socio-legal structures, to inspire social change and encourage betterment of material support through community participation and compelling research.
Urban Refugees is a non-government organisation (NGO) dedicated to advancing the rights of urban refugees and Internally Displaced People (IDPs) worldwide. They do so by facilitating communication and fostering debate among key stakeholders, informing widely on urban displacement situations and advocating at different levels. The approach used is both modern and innovative, taking advantage of new communication tools to generate real change. Sonia Ben Ali is the Founder and Chair of the organisation.
The team can be reached anytime at firstname.lastname@example.org
Gabriella Sanchez (Ph.D., Arizona State University) is assistant professor at the University of Texas El Paso. A socio-cultural anthropologist by training she researches clandestine and criminalized forms of labor along borders from a critical criminology perspective. Her ethnographic work has primarily explored the social organization and internal dynamics of transnational migration facilitation relying on participatory research conducted alongside and by smuggling facilitators themselves.
A Fulbright Senior Specialist from Arizona State University (ASU), Professor Marjorie Zatz was a visiting scholar at the Monash University School of Political and Social Inquiry (PSI) and The Border Crossing Observatory (BOb) in 2012.
Ben Bowling is a Professor of Criminology & Criminal Justice at King’s College London School of Law. He was a visiting scholar at Monash University’s School of Political and Social Inquiry (PSI) and The Border Crossing Observatory in 2012.
Current graduate research students
Rebecca’s PhD examines the deportation of convicted New Zealand citizens from Australia following the cancellation of their visa under Section 501 of the Migration Act. It will explore the intersection of risk and human rights with regards to the visa cancellation process under Section 501 of the Migration Act 1958, its application and impact on the group most affected by this policy and practice: New Zealanders.
Meg is a current PhD candidate at Monash University. Her research is titled, ‘The formation and transfer of border protection policies in the Global North: A case study of Operation Sovereign Borders’.
Tasia Power is working on her PhD through Charles Sturt University, researching how Australia’s policies on the securitization of migration impact on the delivery of humanitarian aid in the Asia Pacific region.
Jelmer Brouwer has master degrees in both Criminology and Human Rights and is currently a PhD-candidate at the Institute for Criminal Law & Criminology at Leiden University.
Shih Joo Tan
Shih Joo joined Monash as a Master of Arts student in 2016. Her research looks at the role of anti-trafficking measures in contributing to the welfare and empowerment of foreign domestic workers in Singapore and Hong Kong.
Patrick van Berlo is a PhD researcher at the Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology of Leiden University, focusing on crimmigration aspects of the detention realm, comprising both prisons and immigration detention centres.
Sigmund Book Mohn is a Post Doctoral Fellow at the Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law at the University of Oslo. His PhD project “Policing immigrants“, aims to analyse the impact of immigration control on the police, in a national and local context.
Hollie joined Monash as a Masters student in 2018. Her research looks at the effect of Australian immigration policy, off-shore detention and its associated security provisions on the way democratic values function in the Australian context.
Former graduate research students
Dr Sara Maher
Dr Maher completed her PhD on Somali women’s post-settlement lives – with a focus on transnational care-giving during conflict.
Dr Sirakul Suwinthawong
Dr Suwinthawong completed her PhD on irregular female migrant labour along Lao-Thai borders.
Dr Hedwards completed her PhD on forced and irregular migration of Tibetans on the Tibet-Nepal border.
Dr Cochrane completed her PhD on the experiences of refugee mothers’ experiences of carework before, during and after irregular migration