Monash University is a global leader in energy research

We aim to showcase the breadth of capabilities in the field of energy at Monash University. Energy research spans a range of disciplines and expertise articulated around 6 themes: Energy resources, Materials and devices, Smart energy systems, Markets and policy, and Consumers.

For more detailed information about the university's energy capabilities and expertise in each theme, please search our researchers’ directory.

Theme leaders


  • Emerging technologies
  • Energy futures
  • Demand response
  • Decision making
  • Peer-to-peer trading and sharing
  • Energy access and affordability, social justice

The world is facing an increasingly uncertain energy future, ushered in by climate change, population growth, decentralised power generation, new digitally-enabled lifestyles, and emerging technologies. In this context of uncertainty, it is urgent that research led by the social sciences, design and behavioural sciences plays a central role in formulating new approaches to understanding and intervening in our energy futures. This means producing new knowledge and understandings of the socio-technical relations through which energy will be consumed in the future, and developing methods to ensure that our energy futures are equitable, sustainable and support the growth of human health and wellbeing.

Theme leader

Materials and devices

  • Next-generation solar cells: Light and energy interconversion materials
  • Batteries and energy storage
  • Electroactive materials
  • Next-generation ultra-low energy technologies: Atomically thin and low dimensional materials
  • Energy-efficient separation processes

Monash University is a global leader in energy conversion materials and devices.

Our researchers are working on a diversity of materials which are sustainable and game changers in how we generate, store and use energy. These have developed in the key areas outlined below and are currently being demonstrated through major research initiatives supported by the Australian Research Council (ARC) and industry.

Theme leader

Markets and policy

  • Policy
  • Regulation
  • Economics
  • Transition

Monash Energy Institute intersects with Australian Electricity Market Initiative (AEMI) by working in some interdisciplinary manner with electrical engineers, computer scientists and storage specialists to better understand the physical characteristics of these technologies and design more appropriate pricing mechanisms.

Theme leader

Smart energy systems

  • Sensor networks​
  • AI and optimisation​
  • Data science and ML​
  • Transport​
  • Power​
  • Energy access​
  • Cognitive buildings​
  • Cybersecurity, cryptocurrency and blockchain​
  • Data visualisation and immersive analytics

Theme leader

Clean fuels and hydrogen

  • Bio conversion​
  • Hydrogen and alternate fuels ​
  • (synthetic CH4, NH3)​
  • CO2 capture, storage and use​
  • Gasification​
  • Geothermal energy​
  • Energy in mining​

Clean fuels and hydrogen underpin an effective energy transition for Australia and Monash University is engaged in a range of research activities spanning technical, social, political and legal aspects.

  • MC3 club

    Monash Carbon Capture and Conversion, also known as MC3, is an international, interdisciplinary student team at Monash University, bringing together Monash students from Clayton and Sunway campuses. Driven by their passion for environmental sustainability, the MC3 team are  at the forefront of innovation as student-led pioneers of technological solutions to climate change.The MC3 vision encapsulates the successful development of novel, sustainable, scalable and economically viable solutions to capture and store carbon to improve the outlook for the future of the planet.

  • Carbon capture and Fuels from Renewable Sources

    In addition to hydrogen related research, Monash is also a leading centre for carbon capture and conversion research. Our research projects include capture of carbon dioxide from air, conversion of this captured carbon dioxide to chemicals using thermochemical and biological methods, and utilisation of these chemicals into renewable fuels and products.


Theme leader

Energy Grids

  • Wind (on/off-shore)​
  • Utility scale solar​
  • Power grids​
  • Grid planning​
  • Grid forming Inverters​
  • Utility scale storage​​

Australia’s electricity grid is embarking on a dramatic transformation, driven by new technologies and increasingly empowered customers. New energy infrastructure, new market designs and dynamic regulatory environments are required for the rapidly approaching low-carbon world. The new energy transport infrastructure needed includes new and enhanced electricity transmission, as well as new transportation infrastructure for green hydrogen and its derivatives. The latter is likely to include hydrogen pipelines. This theme primarily focuses on large-scale power grids and pipelines, while ensuring the emerging interactions between the distribution network level and bulk power systems are fully captured.

At Monash Energy Institute, we have the required expertise and capabilities to answer various questions about the ongoing energy transition. This theme focuses on the large-scale power system for which we are currently trying to address the challenge of  planning and operating the energy system for economic efficiency, reliability and security on the way to 100% renewables.

Key challenges we are addressing include questions such as:

  • How can we manage the secure operation of the bulk energy system with a high level of penetration of variable renewable energy sources?
  • How can we integrate large-scale storage such as batteries, into the electricity grid for its stable/secure operation?
  • And for all these, how do we ensure optimal investment in, and operation of, grid and storage infrastructure?
  • Finally, how can we repurpose the national grid and gas pipeline network to support a decentralised energy system?
  • Power Engineering Advanced Research Laboratory (PEARL)

    PEARL aims to develop innovative technologies to deliver secure, sustainable, and reliable electric power. To achieve this goal, we carry out leading-edge research in the areas grid integration of renewable energy resources, application and control of power electronic converters, power system stability, real-time monitoring systems, advanced protection and fault location techniques, and electromagnetic transients in power networks. Our focus is mainly on the grid integration of renewable energy resources, studying the interaction of renewable farms, and devising control algorithms for inverter-based resources to unleash their full potential.