Victoria's climate change legislation: understanding effectiveness and impact

This project explores the early implementation of Victoria’s Climate Change Act 2017 and assesses its impact and effectiveness in driving emissions reductions and supporting the realisation of the climate change mitigation goals of the international Paris Agreement.

Researchers

Background and aims

Framework climate laws, like the Climate Change Act 2017 (Vic), are being introduced around the world at a national and subnational scale to set greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets and coordinate climate change mitigation activities to meet those targets.

This project analyses the legal design and early implementation of the Victorian Act, to understand the role that such laws can play in driving emissions reductions and supporting the realisation of the climate change mitigation goals of the international Paris Agreement.

Cross-referencing experience with similar climate laws in other jurisdictions, the project aims to make recommendations for the legal design and implementation of effective, impactful framework climate change laws.

Method

The mixed-method, socio-legal research approach combined desktop analysis of the legislation and its key outputs with targeted collection and analysis of qualitative and quantitative data. A program of research interviews with stakeholders closely involved in the development and implementation of the Victorian Act provided useful data on the processes followed and actions taken under the legal framework to date, as well as views and opinions on its effectiveness and likely impact.

Publications

This research project contributed to a report prepared by ClientEarth (UK-based public interest lawyers) evaluating the impact and effectiveness of a selection of climate laws from around the world. The Victorian case study was the only sub-national jurisdiction included in this study.

Presentations

Acknowledgements

This project was funded by a research consultancy with UK-based public interest environmental lawyers, ClientEarth. Further support was provided by Monash University Advancing Women in Research Grant (2020).