Paper structure and strength

The following research related to the paper structure in terms of the fibre, the inter-fibre bond and the sheet geometry.

Projects focused on the development of:

  • New technique to measure the shear bond strength of fibre-fibre contacts
  • New method to measure fracture toughness of paper
  • New method to analyse paper structure at the fibre level for the development of a model for the tensile strength of paper.


Batchelor, W.J. (2002). Method and apparatus for determining fracture toughness. Australian Provisional Patent 2002950712.

Selected Publications

Perkins, E.L. and Batchelor, W.J. (2012). Water interaction in paper cellulose fibres as investigated by NMR pulsed field gradientCarbohydrate Polymers, 87:361.

Su, J., Mosse, W.K.J., Sharman, S., Batchelor, W., and Garnier, G. (2012). Paper strength development and recyclability with polyamideamine-epichlorohydrin (pae), Bioresources7(1):913.

Joshi, K.V., Batchelor, W.J., and Rasd, K. (2011). Investigation of the effect of drying and refining on the fiber-fiber shear bond strength measured using tensile fracture line analysis of sheets weakened by acid gas exposureCellulose, 18:1407.

Batchelor, W.J., (2010). Applications of an analytical method to calculate the load distribution along a fibre in a loaded networkAppita J., 63(4):287.

Batchelor, W., Kibblewhite, R.P., and He, J. (2008). A new method for measuring rba applied to the page equation for the tensile strength of paperAppita J., 61(4):302.

He, J., Batchelor, W.J., and Johnston, R.E. (2007). An analytical model for number of fibre-fibre contacts in paper and expressions for relative bonded area (rba), Journal of Materials Science, 42:522-528.