Global Buildings Performance Network (GBPN)

Monash partnering to develop policy strategies for decarbonising the buildings sector in India and Southeast Asia.



Partner organisation

  • Global Buildings Performance Network

Funded by

  • Global Buildings Performance Network

GBPN is tackling climate change by working to achieve a zero-emissions buildings sector. Through collaborative action research, we implement policies that work to mainstream zero-emissions buildings and sustainable homes. Combined with the latest global insights on policies that work, our coalitions become a powerful force for change.

Associate Professor Peter Graham (Executive Director and CEO of the Global Buildings Performance Network)

Monash Art, Design and Architecture is a local expert partner for the Global Buildings Performance Network (GBPN), hosting GBPN’s Asia Pacific office and implementing research projects across the region.

GBPN is a not-for-profit organisation that works with governments and industry across Southeast Asia and India to decarbonise the buildings sector and advance sustainable development through policy reform. This is achieved through forming local coalitions and equipping them with best practice, technical support and education to deliver maximum impact.

The Monash and GBPN partnership aims to increase the ambition, adoption and effective implementation of building energy codes and complementary policies in high mitigation potential markets in India and Southeast Asia.

Monash researchers are undertaking a series of action-research projects that help define locally specific research problems and methodologies. Through a series of research co-design and stakeholder engagement activities, each local project’s methods for data collection and analysis are contextualised.

This innovative and adaptive approach is integral to the success of the research project and its impact. Projects with local expert partners iterate from research findings to identify how best to implement building energy policies in India and Indonesia, as well as other economies in Southeast Asia.


By focusing on developing and implementing residential building energy codes we aim to avoid between 3,907.8 Mt CO2-e and 5,887.0 Mt CO2-e between now and 2050. In Indonesia, nearly 50% of all buildings standing in 2060 will be constructed by 2030. Development of a policy plan and pilot programs in Indonesia will contribute to avoiding the tripling of electricity demand, and 120MtC02e in building energy-related GHG emissions, by 2030. In India, adoption and effective implementation of residential building energy efficiency regulations could reduce cooling energy demand by up to 30% by 2030 with overall energy-related GHG mitigation potential of about 300MtCO2[1]. The program is intensely collaborative and is implemented through ‘coalitions’ of policy stakeholders. These coalitions provide an enduring collaborative platform for the MADA, Monash University and GBPN partner organisations to develop research outcomes and policy reforms in the markets with greatest GHG abatement opportunities.

Past projects

MADA and GBPN partnered with BehaviourWorks Australia to undertake research repositioning the role of sustainable buildings as drivers of social and economic benefits. BehaviourWorks led on a rapid evidence and practice review which identified, appraised and synthesised 37 systematic and narrative reviews pertaining to low carbon building and interviewed six experts on how co-benefits could drive low carbon buildings in southeast Asia. The review looked at which co-benefits are relevant to southeast Asia, and which co-benefits drive change. As well as, what trade-offs and synergies are associated with pursuing low-carbon building, and associated transition processes.

In 2017, GBPN and The Monash Sustainable Development Institute, ClimateWorks initiative collaborated on  developing status and opportunities report for APEC published as Opportunities for Collaboration to Improve Building Energy Codes in APEC Economies in the Asia-Pacific. This project involved  surveys and workshops in Singapore and Jakarta, and secondary research to support advice to policy  makers in the region on priorities for enabling the buildings sector to reduce greenhouse gas  emissions.

  1. Based on Emissions Factor for India Electricity of 0.82tCO2/MWh (Central Electricity Authority, Indian Ministry of Power).

Project news