Publications and Presentations

Journal Articles

Haskins B, Nehme Z, Ball J, Mahony E, Parker-Stebbing L, Cameron P, Bernard S and Smith K. Comparison of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests occurring in schools and other public locations: A 12-year retrospective study. Pre-hospital Emergency Care. In Press 2021.

Bernard S, Roggenkamp R, Delorenzo A, Stephenson M and Smith K -0n behalf of the Ketamine in Severely Agitated Patients Study Investigators. The use of intramuscular ketamine by paramedics in the management of the severely agitated patient. Emergency Medicine Australasia. In Press 2021.

McLure M, Eastwood K, Parr M, Bray J. A rapid review of advanced life support guidelines for cardiac arrest associated with anaphylaxis. Resuscitation. 2021;159:137-49.

Haskins B, Nehme Z, Ball J, Mahony E, Parker-Stebbing L, Cameron P. Comparison of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests occurring in schools and other public locations: a 12-year retrospective study. Prehospital Emergency Care. 2021;Early online:1-14.

Riou M, Ball S, Morgan A, Gallant S, Perera N, Whiteside A, Bray J, Bailey P, Finn J. ‘I think he’s dead’: A cohort study of the impact of caller declarations of death during the emergency call on bystander CPR. Resuscitation. 2021;160:1-6.

McKenzie N, Finn J, Dobb G, Bailey P, Arendts G, Celenza A, Fatovich D, Jenkins I, Ball S, Bray J, Ho KM. Non-linear association between arterial oxygen tension and survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A multicentre observational study. Resuscitation. 2021;158:130-8.

Belcher J, Finn J, Whiteside A, Ball S. ‘Is the patient completely alert?’ – accuracy of emergency medical dispatcher determination of patient conscious state. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2021;18.

Eastwood K, Morgans A and Smith K.  Characteristics associated with emergency department suitability in low-acuity ambulance cases. Australian Journal of Paramedicine In Press 2020.

Eastwood K, Nambiar D, Dwyer R, Lowthian J, Cameron P, Smith K. Ambulance dispatch of older patients following primary and secondary telephone triage in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia: a retrospective cohort study. BMJ Open In Press 2020

Andrew E, Nehme Z, Cameron P and Smith K. Drivers of increasing emergency ambulance demand. Prehospital Emergency Care 2020;3:385.

Haskins B, Smith K, Cameron P, Bernard S, Nehme Z, Murphy-Smith J, Metcalf M, Moussa R, Harvey D, Turnbull L, Dyson K. The impact of bystander relation and medical training on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes. Resuscitation. 2020;150:72-9.

Yeung J, Djarv T, Hsieh MJ, Sawyer T, Lockey A, Finn J, Greif R, Education I, Team Task F, Neonatal Life Support Task Force of the International Liaison Committee on R. Spaced learning versus massed learning in resuscitation - A systematic review. Resuscitation. 2020;156:61-71.

Talikowska M, Ball S, Rose D, Bailey P, Brink D, Stewart K, Doyle M, Davids L, Finn J. CPR quality among paramedics and ambulance officers: a cross-sectional simulation study. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2020;17.

Schnaubelt S, Monsieurs KG, Semeraro F, Schlieber J, Cheng A, Bigham BL, Garg R, Finn JC, Greif R, International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation Education ITTF. Clinical outcomes from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in low-resource settings - A scoping review. Resuscitation. 2020;156:137-45.

Perkins GD, Kenna C, Ji C, Deakin CD, Nolan JP, Quinn T, Scomparin C, Fothergill R, Gunson I, Pocock H, Rees N, O’Shea L, Finn J, Gates S, Lall R. The influence of time to adrenaline administration in the Paramedic 2 randomised controlled trial. Intensive Care Medicine. 2020.

Morley PT, Atkins DL, Finn JC, Maconochie I, Nolan JP, Rabi Y, Singletary EM, Wang TL, Welsford M, Olasveengen TM, Aickin R, Billi JE, Greif R, Lang E, Mancini ME, Montgomery WH, Neumar RW, Perkins GD, Soar J, Wyckoff MH, Morrison LJ. Evidence Evaluation Process and Management of Potential Conflicts of Interest: 2020 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations. Resuscitation. 2020;156:A23-A34.

Morley PT, Atkins DL, Finn JC, Maconochie I, Nolan JP, Rabi Y, Singletary EM, Wang TL, Welsford M, Olasveengen TM, Aickin R, Billi JE, Greif R, Lang E, Mancini ME, Montgomery WH, Neumar RW, Perkins GD, Soar J, Wyckoff MH, Morrison LJ. Evidence Evaluation Process and Management of Potential Conflicts of Interest: 2020 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations. Circulation. 2020;142(16_suppl_1):S28-S40.

Majewski D, Ball S, Bailey P, Bray J, Finn J. Relative long-term survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Is it really improving? Resuscitation. 2020;157:108-11.

Kiguchi T, Okubo M, Nishiyama C, Maconochie I, Ong MEH, Kern KB, Wyckoff MH, McNally B, Christensen EF, Tjelmeland I, Herlitz J, Perkins GD, Booth S, Finn J, Shahidah N, Shin SD, Bobrow BJ, Morrison LJ, Salo A, Baldi E, Burkart R, Lin C-H, Jouven X, Soar J, Nolan JP, Iwami T. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest across the World: First report from the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR). Resuscitation. 2020;152:39-49.

Greif R, Bhanji F, Bigham BL, Bray J, Breckwoldt J, Cheng A, Duff JP, Gilfoyle E, Hsieh MJ, Iwami T, Lauridsen KG, Lockey AS, Ma MH, Monsieurs KG, Okamoto D, Pellegrino JL, Yeung J, Finn JC, Education I, Teams C. Education, Implementation, and Teams: 2020 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations. Circulation. 2020;142(16_suppl_1):S222-S83.

Greif R, Bhanji F, Bigham BL, Bray J, Breckwoldt J, et al. Education, Implementation, and Teams: 2020 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations. Resuscitation. 2020;156:A188-A239.

Finn J, Jacobs I, Williams TA, Gates S, Perkins GD. Adrenaline and vasopressin for cardiac arrest. Emergencias. 2020;32(2):133-4.

Fatovich D, Finn J, Webb S, Macdonald S. The challenges of obtaining consent in emergency care research. Tasman Medical Journal. 2020;2(1):11-4.

Ceklic E, Tohira H, Ball S, Brown E, Brink D, Bailey P, Whiteside A, Finn J. Motor vehicle crash characteristics that are predictive of high acuity patients: an analysis of linked ambulance and crash data. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2020:1-13.

Cartledge S, Saxton D, Finn J, Bray JE. Australia’s awareness of cardiac arrest and rates of CPR training: results from the Heart Foundation's HeartWatch survey. BMJ Open. 2020;10(1):e033722.

Brown E, Tohira H, Bailey P, Finn J. Is age associated with emergency medical service transport to a trauma centre in patients with major trauma? A systematic review. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2020;17.

Brown E, Tohira H, Bailey P, Fatovich D, Pereira G, Finn J. A comparison of major trauma patient transport destination in metropolitan Perth, Western Australia. Australasian Emergency Care. 2020;23(2):90-6.

Bray JE, Cartledge S, Finn J, Eastwood GM, McKenzie N, Stub D, Straney L, Bernard S. The current temperature: A survey of post-resuscitation care across Australian and New Zealand intensive care units. Resuscitation Plus. 2020;1-2:100002.

Bray J, Nehme Z, Nguyen A, Lockey A, Finn J, Education Implementation Teams Task Force of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation. A systematic review of the impact of emergency medical service practitioner experience and exposure to out of hospital cardiac arrest on patient outcomes. Resuscitation. 2020.

Bray J, Lim M, Cartledge S, Stub D, Mitra B, Newnham H, Cameron P. Comparison of the Victorian Emergency Minimum Dataset to medical records for emergency presentations for acute cardiovascular conditions and unspecified chest pain. EMA - Emergency Medicine Australasia. 2020;32(2):295-302.

Riou M, Ball S, Whiteside A, Gallant S, Morgan A, Bailey P, Finn J. Caller resistance to perform cardio-pulmonary resuscitation in emergency calls for cardiac arrest. Social Science & Medicine. 2020;256:113045.

Perera N, Ball S, Birnie T, Morgan A, Riou M, Whiteside A, Perkins GD, Bray J, Fatovich DM, Cameron P, Brink D, Bailey P, Finn J. "Sorry, what did you say?" Communicating defibrillator retrieval and use in OHCA emergency calls. Resuscitation. 2020;156:182

Ceklic E, Tohira H, Ball S, Finn J. A systematic review of the relationship between ambulant status and the need for a lights and sirens ambulance response to crashes. Annals of Emergency Dispatch & Response 2020;7(3).

Belcher J, Finn J, Whiteside A, Ball S. Accuracy of call-taker assessment of patient level of consciousness: a systematic review. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2020;17. Belcher J, Finn J, Whiteside A, Ball S. ‘Is the patient completely alert?’ – accuracy of emergency medical dispatcher determination of patient conscious state. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2021;18.

Brown E, Tohira H, Bailey P, Fatovich D, Pereira G, Finn J. A comparison of major trauma patient transport destination in metropolitan Perth, Western Australia. Australasian Emergency Care. 2020;23(2):90-6.

Brown E, Tohira H, Bailey P, Finn J. Is age associated with emergency medical service transport to a trauma centre in patients with major trauma? A systematic review. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2020;17.

Pearce J, Peters M, May N, Marshall H, Hein C, Granthan H. Care of the patient with invasive meningococcal disease by prehospital emergency medical service clinicians: a scoping review. BMJ Open. 2020;10(e033447):Early online.

Haskins B, Nehme Z, Cameron P, Bernard S, Parker-Stebbing L, Smith K. Coles and Woolworths have installed public access defibrillators (PADs) in all their stores - it’s time other Australian businesses followed their lead. Emergency Medicine Australasia.  2020;32(1):166-168.

Nambiar, D., Pearce, J.W., Bray, J., (...), Grantham, H., Cameron, P.. Variations in the care of agitated patients in Australia and New Zealand ambulance services. Emergency Medicine Australasia. 2020:32(3):438-445.

Andrew E, Jones C, Stephenson M, Walker T, Bernard S, Cameron P and Smith K. A methodology for aligning ambulance dispatch priority to patient acuity. Emergency Medicine Australasia 2019 Jun;31(3):405-410

Bray J, Smith K, Hein C, Finn J, Stephenson M, Cameron P, Stub D, Perkins GD, Grantham H, Bailey P, Brink D, Dodge N and Bernard S. The EXACT protocol: a multi-centre, single blind, randomised, parallel-group, controlled trial to determine whether early oxygen titration improves survival to hospital discharge in adult OHCA patients. Resuscitation 2019;139:208-213.

Nehme Z, Andrew E, Bernard S, Haskins B, Smith K. Trends in survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrests defibrillated by paramedics, first responders and bystanders. Resuscitation. 2019;143:85-91.

Majewski D, Ball S, Finn J. Systematic review of the relationship between comorbidity and out of hospital cardiac arrest outcomes. BMJ Open. 2019;9(11),e031655.

Dicker B, Todd VF, Tunnage B, Swain A, Conaglen K, Smith T, Brett M, Laufale C, Howie G. Ethnic disparities in the incidence and outcome from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A New Zealand observational study. Resuscitation, 2019;145:56-62.

Brown E., Tohira H., Bailey P., Fatovich D., Pereira G., Finn J. Longer Prehospital Time was not Associated with Mortality in Major Trauma: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2019; 23(4):527-37.

Brown E., Tohira H., Bailey P., Fatovich D., Pereira G., Finn J. Older age is associated with a reduced likelihood of ambulance transport to a trauma centre after major trauma in Perth. Emerg Med Australas. 2019; 31(5):763-771.

Brown E, Tohira H, Bailey P, Fatovich D, J. Finn. Major trauma patients are not who you might think they are. A linked data study. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2019; 16.

Pearce J,.Peters M.D.J,  May N, Marshall H, Hein C, Grantham H.  Care of the patient with invasive meningococcal disease by emergency medical service clinicians: a scoping review protocol. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2019; 16.

Soar J, Maconochie I, Wyckoff MH, Olasveengen TM, Singletary EM, Greif R, et al. International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations. Circulation. 2019: 145:95-150

Dicker B, Garrett N, Wong S, McKenzie H, McCarthy J, Jenkin G, Smith T, Skinner JR, Pegg T, Devlin G, Swain A, Scott T, Todd V. Relationship between socioeconomic factors, distribution of public access defibrillators and incidence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation 2019;138:53-58.

Dicker B, Todd VF, Tunnage B, Swain A, Smith T, Howie G. Direct transport to PCIcapable hospitals after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in New Zealand: inequities and outcomes. Resuscitation. 2019; 142:111-116.

Davis P, Howie G, Dicker B, Garrett N. Paramedic-initiated helivac to tertiary hospital for primary percutaneous coronary intervention: A strategy for improving treatment delivery times. Journal of Thoracic Disease. 2019; 11(5):1819-1830.

Eastwood K, Morgans A, Stoelwinder J and Smith K. The appropriateness of low-acuity cases referred for emergency ambulance dispatch following ambulance service secondary telephone triage: a retrospective cohort study. PLOS One In Press 2019.

Haskins B, Nehme Z, Cameron P, Bernard S, Parker-Stebbing L and Smith K. Coles and Woolworths have installed public access defibrillators (PADs) in all their stores - it’s time other Australian businesses followed their lead. Emergency Medicine Australasia In Press 2019.

Dicker, B., Conaglen, K., & Howie, G. (2018). Gender and survival from out-of hospital cardiac arrest: a New Zealand registry study.. Emerg Med J, 35(6), 367-371.

Dicker B, Davey P, Smith T, Beck B. Incidence and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A New Zealand perspective. Emergency Medicine Australasia. 2018 Oct;30(5):662-671.

Beck B, Bray J, Cameron P, Smith K, Walker T, Grantham H, Hein C, Thorrowgood M, Smith A, Inoue M, Smith T, Dicker B, Swain A, Bosley E, Pemberton K, McKay M, Johnston-Leek M, Perkins GD, Nichol G, Finn J; Aus-ROC Steering Committee. Regional variation in the characteristics, incidence and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Australia and New Zealand: Results from the Aus-ROC Epistry. Resuscitation 2018;126:49-57.

Nehme Z, Andrew E, Bernard S, Dyson K, Haskins B, Smith K. Long-term trends in survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest according to who provided the first shock: A 17-year observational study. Resuscitation. 2018;130:e118.

Brown E., Williams T. A., Tohira H., Bailey P., Finn J. Epidemiology of trauma patients attended by ambulance paramedics in Perth, Western Australia. Emerg Med Australas. 2018;30(6):827-33.

Dicker B, Davey P, Smith T. The association between the first locating emergency ambulance being single crewed and cardiac arrest outcomes in New Zealand. NZ Medical Journal. 2017 Sep 1;130(1461):47-55.

Smith, C. M., Wilson, M. H., Ghorbangholi, A., Hartley-Sharpe, C., Gwinnutt, C., Dicker, B., & Perkins, G. D. The use of trained volunteers in the response to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest – the GoodSAM experience. Resuscitation. 2017;121:123- 126.

Lilley R, Kool B, Davie G, de Graaf B, Ameratunga SN, Reid P, Civil I, Dicker B, Branas CC. Preventable injury deaths: Identifying opportunities to improve NZRSTCV–092009 timeliness and reach of emergency healthcare services in New Zealand. Injury Prevention. 2017, 1-6.

Conference Posters

Eastwood K, Johnson A, Jones A, Cameron P, Teede H. 2019. Conference Poster: Data harmonisation of Australian and New Zealand ambulance service datasets. NHMRC Symposium on Research Translation. Melbourne, 19-20 November.

Conference Presentations

Eastwood K, Delorenzo A, Smith K. Non-pharmacological distraction therapy for pain and anxiety in paediatric patients in the emergency setting, a systematic review. Paramedic Australasia International Conference, Hobart, Australia 2019.

Delorenzo A, Eastwood K, Smith K. Non-pharmacological distraction therapy for pain and anxiety in paediatric patients in the emergency setting, a systematic review. Australia and New Zealand College of Paramedicine Research Symposium, Melbourne, Australia, November 2019.

Book Chapters

Haskins B. Chapter 41: Hypothermia and hyperthermia. In: Williams B, Ross L, Grantham H, editors. Paramedic Principles and Practice: A Clinical Reasoning Approach: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2020.