Induction of neuromodulation changes

Our research unit is outfitted with many state-of-the-art pieces of research/clinical devices that allow us to carry out many different types of investigations into human cognitive-sensory-motor behaviour.

Non-invasive brain stimulation devices

We use different non-invasive transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) techniques including Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), Transcranial Alternative Current Stimulation (tACS), and Transcranial Pulsed Current Stimulation (tPCS), which modulates brain excitability, or resting activity, in different regions of brain:

  • Starstim® 8 tES-EEG system (Neuroelectrics, Spain)

This is a unique, all-in-one wireless system we use for simultaneous brain stimulation and EEG monitoring. Freely customizable tES waveforms and montages allow for advanced investigations with simultaneous monitoring.


  • Soterix Medical High-Definition tDCS (HD-tDCS™)

Is a non-invasive technique where brain regions are targeted using arrays of electrodes on the scalp. In contrast to conventional tDCS, which uses large sponge electrodes, HD-tDCS™ uses small gel-based electrodes. This allows safe and tolerated passage of current through small electrodes on the scalp, as confirmed in clinical studies.


  • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)

In this technique magnetic pulses applied over the scalp through a coil. When these pulses are administered in rapid succession, it is referred to as “repetitive TMS “ or “rTMS”, which can produce longer lasting changes in brain activity. It is a safe and painless technique that can be used to facilitate or inhibit brain function.