Prof Brett Williams

Head of Department

BAVEd, Grad Cert IntensiveCareParamedicine, Grad Dip EmergHlth, MHlthSc, PhD, FACP, Registered Paramedic

Telephone: +61 3 9904 4283

Email: Brett.Williams@monash.edu

Research Profile

Biography

Brett is currently Professor and Head, Department of Paramedicine, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences at Monash University.

Brett has been an academic leader in prehospital educational research, scholarship and mentorship for over 20 years.  Brett has won numerous national university teaching awards and has published over 280 peer-reviewed publications, 15 book chapters and co-edited 2 textbooks. Brett is committed to developing and finding the next generation of paramedic PhD scholars, professionalising paramedic care, building capacity for paramedics nationally and internationally and developing a contemporary paramedic curriculum.  He has supervised 8 PhDs to timely completion and is currently supervising 12 paramedic PhD students.

Teaching

Cardiovascular and Respiratory Emergencies; Communication; Non-Technical Skills: Research Methods

Research Interests

Blended Learning; Empathy; Interprofessional Education; Near-Peer Teaching and Learning; Paramedic Pedagogy; Professionalism; Psychometrics; Scale Development.

Supervision (past 5 years)

Year

Name

Title

Type

2018

Abdullah Alshamrani

Trauma Education for Saudi Arabian Paramedics

PhD

2018

Zainab Alqudah

Epidemiological Analysis of Trauma Victims in Victoria, Australia

PhD

2018

Paul Gowans

Cardiac Arrest Management and Leadership: Scotland Perspectives

PhD

2018

Abdullah Alobaid

Empathy in Saudi Arabia

PhD

2017

Waleed Alazmy

EMS Disaster Preparedness

PhD

2017

Justin Hunter

Crew Resource Management training in EMS

PhD

2016

Talal Mamdouh AlShammari

Paramedic Core Competencies for Saudi Arabia

PhD

2016

Saeed Alqahtani

Exploration of Saudi Arabic paramedic workplace experiences

PhD

2016

Eihab Khasawneh

Maths anxiety and drug calculations

PhD

2016

Ahmad Alrawashdeh

Prehospital management of nSTEMI patients

PhD

Grants (last 5 years)

Number of Grants = 46

Year

Title

Funder

2019

The effectiveness of family violence education delivered to healthcare students in preparing them for future practice

Monash University

2018

Engendering and Enacting Empathy

Monash Education Academy

2017

Improving post-crash survival outcomes by optimising acute emergency care systems

Interdisciplinary Research Support Scheme.

2017

Trauma in student paramedics: Using computer adaptive testing to measure trauma and support wellbeing

Monash Education Academy.

2017

Elevating UL’s Paramedic Studies programme through reciprocal knowledge and information sharing with one of the leading paramedic departments in the world

International Activity Challenge Fund 2017/18, University of Limerick, Ireland

2017

An outcome measure for intimate partner violence educational interventions

School of Allied and Primary Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences

2017

Setting the agenda for health professional education research at Monash University: A cross-Faculty research priority setting exercise

Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences

2017

Evaluating health students’ work readiness as evidence-based practitioners

Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences

2017

Research on Monash Law Student Mental Health

Faculty of Law, Monash University

2016

Women and Women with Children Residential Rehabilitation Best Practice: A rapid review

Sax Institute for the NSW Ministry of Health

2016

Clinical Supervision: Spotlight on Conversations Facilitator Support Materials

Department of Human Services, Victorian Government

2016

Systematic Review: Simulation and Mental Health

Department of Human Services, Victorian Government

2016

Graduate Education Supervisor Development Grant

Monash University Graduate Research

2016

Experiences of sessional educators within the Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences

Monash Education Academy Grant

2016

Identifying the roles of attachment, stress, and empathy in the psychological adjustment of paramedic students

School of Medicine Research Development Grant scheme (University of Tasmania)

2016

Evaluating the impact of near-peer teaching on graduate clinical practice

Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences
(Monash University)

2016

Workplace interprofessional education: Understanding interprofessional student-teacher interactions through narrative inquiry

Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences
(Monash University)

Publications

Peer Reviewed Publications

2021

2020

1.Alqahtani S, Nehme Z, Williams B, Bernard S, Smith K. Temporal trends in incidence, characteristics and outcomes of hanging-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrest Prehospital Emergency Care. 2020;24(3):369-77.

2.Alrawashdeh A, Nehme Z, Williams B, Stub D. Emergency medical service delays in ST-elevation myocardial infarction: a systematic review and meta-analyses. Heart. 2020;106(5):365-73.

3.Batt A, Tavares W, Williams B. The development of competency frameworks in healthcare professions: a scoping review. Advances in Health Science Education. 2020;25:913-87.

4.Hunter J, Porter M, Williams B. Towards a Theoretical Framework for Situational Awareness in Paramedicine. Safety Science. 2020;14(1).

5.Oteir A, Almdawi K, Kanaan S, Alwidyan M, Williams B. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Attitudes Among Allied Health Profession University Students in Jordan: A cross-sectional study. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2020;17.

6.Raffee L, Kuleib S, Oteir A, Kewan T, Jahmani R, Beovich B, et al. The utility of leukocytes, inflammatory markers and pancreatic enzymes as indicators of gangrenous cholecystitis. Postgraduate Medical Journal. 2020;96(1133):134-8.

7.Williams B, Beovich B. A systematic review of psychometric assessment of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy using the COSMIN Risk of Bias checklist. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2020;26(4):1302-15.

8.Alazmy W, Williams B, Plummer V. The History of Emergency Medical Services Response to Mass Casualty Incidents in Disasters, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Emergency Medicine, Trauma and Acute Care. 2020 3.

9.ALobaid A, Gosling C, Khasawneh E, McKenna L, Williams B. Challenges faced by female healthcare professionals in the workforce: A scoping review. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare. 2020 13:681-91.

10.ALobaid A, Gosling C, McKenna L, Williams B. Gendered organisational theory and glass ceiling: Application to female Saudi paramedics in the workplace. Saudi Journal for Health Sciences. 2020 9(3):177-82.

11.Alqahtani S, Nehme Z, Williams B, Bernard S, Smith K. Changes in the incidence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Differences between cardiac and non-cardiac aetiologies. Resuscitation. 2020 155:125-33.

12.Alqudah Z, Nehme Z, Alrawashdeh A, Williams B, Oteir A, Smith K. Paediatric traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A systematic review and meta-analysis Resuscitation. 2020 149:65-73.

13.Alrawashdeh A, Nehme Z, Williams B, Smith K, Bray J, Bernard S, et al. Factors associated with emergency medical service delays in suspected ST‐elevation myocardial infarction in Victoria, Australia: A retrospective study. Emergency Medicine Australasia. 2020 32(5):777-85.

14.AlShammari T, Jennings P, Williams B. National Study of Emergency Medical Services Core Competencies: An Exploratory Factor Analysis. International Journal of Emergency Services 2020 9(3):245-55.

15.Alshamrani A, Alshammari T, Sawyer S, Williams B. Trauma care past, present and future in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Emergency Medicine, Trauma and Acute Care. 2020 6(1).

16.Bashatah A, Al-Ahmary K, Al Arifi M, Asiri Y, Al Ruthia Y, Metwally A, et al. Interprofessional Cooperation:  An Interventional Study Among Sauid Healthcare Teaching Staff at King Saud University Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare. 2020 13:1537-44.

17.Bowen M, Williams B. Assessment of US Paramedic Professionalism: A Psychometric Appraisal. Advances in Medical Education and Practice. 2020 11.

18.Khasawneh E, Gosling C, Williams B. Ten-year comparison of medication complications rates in public and private hospitals in Victoria, Australia. Hospital Topics. 2020

19.Khasawneh E, Gosling C, Williams B. How Mathematics Anxiety Correlates to Numerical and Drug Calculation Ability of Paramedic Students? An Explanatory Mixed Method Study. Advances in Medical Education and Practice. 2020 11:869-78.

20.King C, Edlington T, Williams B. Avoiding difficult conversations in the Australian health sector SAGE Open Nursing. 2020 6:1-10.

21.King C, Edlington T, Williams B. The ‘Ideal’ Clinical Supervision Environment in Nursing and Allied Health. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare. 2020

22.Mason R, Roodenburg J, Williams B. What occupational preference types according to Holland’s interest based theory dominate among nurses and paramedics: A scoping review? Nursing and Health Sciences. 2020 22(3):507-20.

23.Mason R, Roodenburg J, Williams B. What personality types according to the Big Five dominate among nurses and paramedics: A scoping review? Australasian Emergency Care. 2020 23(4):281-90.

24.McKenna L, Brown T, Williams B, Lau R. Emphatic and listening styles of first year undergraduate nursing students: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Professional Nursing. 2020 36(6):611-5.

25.Meadley B, Caldewll J, Perraton L, Bonham M, Wolkow A, Smith K, et al. The health and wellbeing of paramedics - a professional priority. Occupational Medicine. 2020 70:149-51.

26.Prakash S, Brown S, Murphy M, Williams B. Paramedic student empathetic attitudes towards homelessness: a mixed methods pilot study. International Journal of Emergency Services. 2020 9(3):273-82.

27.Williams B, Beovich B. An assessment of scoping review reporting within paramedicine: A scoping review. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2020 17.

2019

1. Alqahtani S, Nehme Z, Smith K, Williams B. Incidence and outcomes of adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest precipitated by suspected drug overdose: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Resuscitation. 2019;134:10-8.

2. AlShammari T, Jennings P, Williams B. Emergency medical services core competencies: a Delphi study. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2019;16.

3. AlShammari T, Jennings P, Williams B. National study of emergency medical services core competencies: a confirmatory factor analysis. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2019;16.

4. Batt A, Tavares W, Williams B. The development of competency frameworks in healthcare professions: a scoping review. Advances in Health Science Education. 2019.

5. Hunter J, Porter M, Williams B. What is known about situational awareness in paramedicine? A scoping review. J Allied Health. 2019;48(1):27-34.

6. Sawyer S, Coles J, Williams A, Williams B. The psychometric properties of an intimate partner violence education outcome measure delivered to paramedic and nursing students. Nurse Educ Today. 2019;2(76):148-53.

7. Al Thobaity A, Alamri S, Plummer V, Williams B. Exploring the necessary disaster plan components in Saudi Arabian hospitals. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2019 41(101316).

8. Alqahtani S, Nehme Z, Williams B, Bernard S, Smith K. Temporal trends in incidence, characteristics and outcomes of hanging-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrest Prehospital Emergency Care. 2019 11:1-9.

9. Alqahtani S, Nehme Z, Williams B, Bernard S, Smith K. Long term trends in the epidemiology of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest precipitated by suspected drug overdose. Resuscitation. 2019 144:17-24.

10. Alqahtani S, Nehme Z, Williams B, Smith K. Incidence and outcomes of adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest precipitated by suspected drug overdose: a systematic review protocol. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports. 2019 17(4):500-6.

11. Alqudah Z, Nehme Z, Williams B, Bernard S, Smith K. A descriptive analysis of the epidemiology and management of paediatric traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation. 2019 140:127-34.

12. Alrawashdeh A, Nehme Z, Williams B, Stub D. Impact of 12-lead ECG system-of-care on emergency medical service delays in ST-elevation myocardial infarction – a systematic review and meta-analysis. Emergency Medicine Australasia. 2019 31(5):702-9.

13. AlShammari T, Jennings P, Williams B. National Study of Emergency Medical Services Professional Profiles: An Inferential Analysis. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2019 16. Page 7 of 41

14. Bennett R, Williams B. Non-technical skills in paramedicine: Is situational judgement testing the solution? Irish Journal of Paramedicine. 2019 4(1).

15. Irvine S, Ozmen M, McKenna L, Williams B. Exploration of self-regulatory behaviours of undergraduate nursing students learning to teach: A social cognitive perspective. Nurse Educ Pract. 2019 41.

16. Oteir A, Almahdawai K, Kanaan S, Alwidyan M, Williams B. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation knowledge among allied sciences university students: a cross sectional study. BMJ Open. 2019 9(11).

17. Palermo C, King O, Brock T, Brown T, Crampton P, Hall H, et al. Setting priorities for health education research: A mixed methods study. Medical Teacher. 2019 41(9):1029-38.

18. Samarkandi O, Khan A, Althunayyan S, Bashatah A, Almobrad A, Bukhari H, et al. Management of hypoglycemia in Saudi Arabia’s deserts: New Concepts in Wilderness Medicine. Indo American Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2019 6(2).

19. Whiting E, Costello S, Williams B. What is the best measurement of PTSD in paramedicine? Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2019 16.

20. Williams B, Beovich B. Psychometric properties of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy: A COSMIN systematic review protocol. Systematic Reviews. 2019 8(319).

21. Williams B, Edlington, T. Attitudes towards continuing professional development: a qualitative study of Australian paramedics. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2019 16.

22. Alrawashdeh A, Nehme Z, Williams B, Stub D. Emergency medical service delays in ST-elevation myocardial infarction: a systematic review and meta-analyses. Heart. 2019 (in press).

23. Hunter J, Porter M, Williams B. Towards a Theoretical Framework for Situational Awareness in Paramedicine. Safety Science. 2019 (in press).

24. Raffee L, Kuleib S, Oteir A, Kewan T, Jahmani R, Beovich B, et al. The utility of leukocytes, inflammatory markers and pancreatic enzymes as indicators of gangrenous cholecystitis. Postgrad Med J. 2019 (in press).

25. Sawyer S, Coles J, Williams A, Williams B. Paramedics as a new resource for women experiencing intimate partner violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 2019 (in press).

26. Williams B, Beovich B. A systematic review of psychometric assessment of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy using the COSMIN Risk of Bias checklist. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2019 (in press).

2018

Spivak B, Batagol B, Sifris A, Williams B. Measuring empathy in undergraduate law students: Examining the factorial validity of the Jefferson Empathy Scale - Law Students (JSE-LS). International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 2018 58:143-9.

Sawyer S, Williams A, Rotheram A, Williams B. The knowledge, attitudes and preparedness to manage intimate partner violence patients of Australian paramedics – A pilot study. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine 2018 15(2).

Samarkandi O, Bashatah A, Khan A, Almobrad A, Beovich B, Williams B. Barriers to Research Utilization in the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) in Saudi Arabia. Advances in Medical Education and Practice 2018 9:519-26.

Ross L, Jennings P, Gosling C, Williams B. Experiential education enhancing paramedic perspective and interpersonal communication with older patients: A controlled study. BMC Medical Education. 2018;18(239).

Rees C, Brown T, Crampton P, Kent F, Hood K, Leech M, et al. Exploring interprofessional student-clinican interactions through narrative inquiry. BMJ Open 2018 8:e021238.

Raffee L, Khader Y, Oteir A, Alawneh A, Saqan R, Beovich B, et al. Final year dental students’ perception of knowledge, training and competence in the management of medical emergencies. Global Journal of Health Science. 2018 10(6).

McMorran D, Samaraskinghe S, Muradoglu M, Chung D, Williams B, Liew O, et al. Simulation training system for en-route intravenous initiation. Sensors & Actuators: A Physical. 2018 279:680-7.

McKenna L, Irvine S, Williams B. I didn't expect teaching to be such a huge part of nursing’: A follow-up qualitative exploration of new graduates’ teaching activities. Nurse Education in Practice 2018 32:9-13.

Irvine S, McKenna L, Williams B. Near-Peer Teaching In Undergraduate Nursing: An Integrative Review. Nurse Education Today. 2018 70:60-8.

Chang, Y-T, Kuang-Chau, T. Williams, B. Taiwanese EMTs. Advances in Medical Education and Practice. 2018;9(147-158).

AlShammari T, Jennings P, Williams B. Emergency Medical Services Core Competencies: a scoping review. Health Professions Education 2018, 4(4):245-258.

Alqahtani S, Nehme Z, Smith K, Williams B. Incidence and outcomes of adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest precipitated by suspected drug overdose: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Resuscitation. 2018, 134:10-18.

Fowler J, Beovich B, Williams B. Improving paramedic confidence when dealing with paediatric patients: a scoping review. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2018;15(1).

Ross, L, Gosling, C. Jennings, P. Williams, B. Experiential education enhancing paramedic perspective and interpersonal communication with older patients: A controlled study. BMC Medical Education. 18(239).

2017

Al Thobaity A, Plummer V, Williams B.  What are the Most Common Domains of Core Competencies of Disaster Nursing? A  Scoping Review International Emergency Nursing. International Emergency  Nursing. 2017;31(1):64-71.

Irvine S, McKenna L, Williams B. Are we  assessing beyond cognition in near peer teaching?  A systematic review. Nurse Education Today.  2017;50:42-50.

McKenna L, Williams B. The hidden  curriculum in near-peer learning: An exploratory qualitative study. Nurse  Education Today. 2017;50:77-81.

Meadley B, Delorenzo A, Olaussen A, et al.  Educational Curricula for Training Paramedics in Ultrasound: A Scoping Review.  BMC Emergency Medicine. 2017;17(18).

Ross L, Jennings P, Williams B. Paramedic Attendance to Older Patients in Australia, and the Prevalence and  Implications of Psychosocial Issues. Prehospital Emergency Care.  2017;21(1):32-38.

Williams B, Beovich B, Edlington T, Flemming G, Donovan G. Difficult  Conversations within Healthcare: a Pilot Study. Medical Science Educators.  2017.

Williams B, Beovich B, Ross L, Wright C, Ilic D. Self-efficacy perceptions  of interprofessional education and practice in undergraduate healthcare  students. Journal of Interprofessional Care. 2017;31(3):335-341.

Williams B, Reddy P, Marshall S, Beovich B, McKarney L. Simulation and  mental health outcomes: A scoping review. Advances in Simulation. 2017;2(2).

Williams B, Nyguen D. Near peer teaching in paramedic education: A  repeated measures design. Innovations in Education and Teaching International.  2017;54(4):345-354.

Bowen M, Williams B. Professionalism  amongst paramedic student, achieving the measure or missing the mark? Advances  in Medical Education and Practice. 2017 in press.

Delorenzo A, Abetz J, Andrew E, de Wit A, Williams  B, Smith K. Characteristics of Fixed Wing Air Ambulance Transports in  Victoria, Australia. Air Ambulance Journal. 2017 In press.

Fowler J, Beovich B, Williams B. Improving paramedic confidence when dealing with paediatric patients: a scoping  review. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2017 in press.

Plummer V, Williams B, Tozer-Jones J.  The Bachelor of Nursing/Bachelor of Emergency Health (Paramedic): Student views  of their preparation and intentions towards future practice. Australasian  Journal of Paramedicine. 2017 in press.

Sawyer S, Coles J, Williams A, Rotheram A, Lucas  P, Williams B. Paramedic students’ preparedness to manage intimate  partner violence patients. Prehospital Emergency Care. in press.

Williams B, Beovich B, Flemming G, Donovan G, Patrick I. An exploration of  difficult conversations in Australian paramedics. Nursing and Health Sciences. 2017  in press.

Williams B, Brown T, McKenna L, Etherington J. Attachment and Empathy in  Australian Undergraduate Paramedic, Nursing and Occupational Therapy Students:  a cross-sectional study. Collegian. 2017 in press

2016

Al Thobaity, A., B. Williams, and V.  Plummer, A new scale for disaster nursing core competencies: Development and  psychometric testing. Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal, 2016. 19(1):  11-19.

Brown, T., B. Williams, and J.  Etherington, Emotional intelligence and personality traits as predictors of  occupational therapy students’ practice education performance: a  cross-sectional study. Occupational Therapy International, 2016.

Browning, M., et al., The use and limits of  eye-tracking in high-fidelity clinical scenarios: a pilot study. International  Emergency Nursing 2016. 25: 43-47.

Mason, R. and B. Williams, Using  ePortfolio’s to assess undergraduate paramedic students: A proof of concept  evaluation. International Journal of Higher Education, 2016.

Olaussen, A., et al., Peer-assisted learning:  Time for Nomenclature Clarification. Medical Education Online, 2016. 21.

Ross, L., P. Jennings, and B. Williams, Paramedic attendance to older patients in Australia: Are psychosocial issues  more prevalent than they appear? Prehospital Emergency Care, 2016. early  online.

Ross, L., B. Williams, and P. Jennings,  Experience, knowledge and attitudes: Are paramedic students prepared to care  for older patients? . Educational Gerontology, 2016. 42(4): 241-252.

Sawyer, S., et al., A systematic review of  intimate partner violence education for allied health practitioners. Medical  Education, 2016. 50: 1107-1121.

Spasenoska, M., S. Costello, and B.  Williams, Investigating the psychometric properties of the Jefferson Scale  of Physician Empathy in a sample of Malaysian medical students. Advances in  Medical Education and Practice, 2016. 7: 331-339.

Williams, B., Professionalization of Paramedics:  Lessons from the Australian University  Sector. The National Medical Journal of India, 2016. 29(Supp 1): 113.

Williams, B. and S. Davis, Maths anxiety and medication dosage calculation  errors: A scoping review. Nursing Education and Practice, 2016. 20: 139-146.

Williams, B., C. King, and T. Edlington, Overcoming  difficult conversations in clinical supervision. Journal of Healthcare  Leadership, 2016. 8: 31-40.

Williams, B., P. O'Meara, and H. Hickson, Paramedicine  students’ views on clinical placement learning using the DREEM inventory.  Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 2016. 6(2): 35-42.

Williams, B. and P. Reddy, Does peer-assisted learning improve academic  performance? A scoping review. Nurse Education Today, 2016. 45: 23-29.

Williams, B., A. Sifris, and M. Lynch, A psychometric  appraisal of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy using law students. Psychology  Research and Behavior Management, 2016. 9: 171-178.

Williams, B. and J. Song, Are simulated patients effective in facilitating  development of clinical competence for healthcare students? A scoping review.  Advances in Simulation, 2016. 1(6).

Williams, B. and A. Teese, A cross-institutional analysis of Australian  undergraduate paramedic students’ attitudes towards interprofessional  cooperation. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 2016. 30(1): 97-102.

Williams, B. Abel, C. Khasawneh, E. Ross, L. Levett-Jones. T, Simulation  experiences of paramedic students: a cross-cultural examination. Advances in  Medical Education and Practice, 2016. 7: p. 181-186.

Williams, B. Boyle., M. Howard, S., Empathy Levels In Undergraduate  Paramedic Students: A Three-Year Longitudinal Study. Nurse Education in  Practice, 2016. 16(1): p. 86-90.

Books

Williams, B. Ross, L. (Ed). Paramedic Principles and Practice (2nd Edition).  Elsevier Australia ISBN- 9780729543064, 2020.

Brown, T. Williams, B. (Ed). Evidence-based education: Promoting best practice in the teaching and learning of health professional students. Radcliffe Publishing Ltd, Abingdon, 2015. UK. ISBN-101909368717