Key resources


Walsh, K. (2010). Cost Effectiveness in Medical Education: Radcliffe Publishing.

Levin, H., McEwan, P., Belfield, C., Bowden, A., & Shand, R. (2017). Economic Evaluation in Education: Cost-Effectiveness and Benefit-Cost Analysis (3 ed.). California: SAGE Publications.

Drummond, M. F., Sculpher, M. J., Claxton, K., Stoddart, G. L., & Torrance, G. W. (2015). Methods for the economic evaluation of health care programmes (4th ed.): Oxford university press.


Maloney, S., Cook, D. A., Golub, R., Foo, J., Cleland, J., Rivers, G., . . . Walsh, K. (2019). AMEE guide no. 123 – How to read studies of educational costs. Medical Teacher, 1-8. doi:10.1080/0142159X.2018.1552784

Maloney, S., Reeves, S., Rivers, G., Ilic, D., Foo, J., & Walsh, K. (2017). The Prato Statement on cost and value in professional and interprofessional education. J Interprof Care, 31(1), 1-4. doi:10.1080/13561820.2016.1257255

Rivers, G., Reeves, S., Ilic, D., Foo, J., Walsh, K., & Maloney, S. (2017). The Prato Method: A Guide to the Application of Economic Evaluations in Health Professions Education Research. Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 37(4), 230-238. doi:10.1097/ceh.0000000000000171

Foo, J., Ilic, D., Rivers, G., Evans, D. J. R., Walsh, K., Haines, T. P., . . . Maloney, S. (2017). Using cost-analyses to inform health professions education – The economic cost of pre-clinical failure. Medical Teacher, 40(12), 1221-1230. doi:10.1080/0142159X.2017.1410123