Monash is a global university, with a large international student population, campuses and institutes across four continents, and a comprehensive web presence.

That means that when we talk about money, we need to be very clear about which currency we're talking about.

If you're writing for the internet, you should always include a currency symbol before an amount of money. This includes using 'A$' rather than just '$' – even if you think you're writing for a purely Australian audience. Our print publications have their own style – use '$' for Australian audiences and 'A$' for international audiences.

Currency symbols and ISO currency codes 

Note the difference between currency symbols and currency codes.

Currency symbols sit in front of numbers and indicate what currency we're using. Some are true symbols, while others are simply letters. For example:

A$13,000 – Australian dollars
RM6000 –  Malaysian ringgit
R16,000 – South African rand
US$15,000 – United States dollars
€5000 – Euros lists all the common currency symbols.

Do not place a space between the currency symbol and the number. Also note that our style is to exclude the comma in thousands below 10,000.

Currency codes, on the other hand, sit after the number. They are set by the International Standards Organisation (ISO) and combine the ISO code for a country or zone (as used in internet domain names) with the currency abbreviation. For example:

13,000 AUD – AU + D for Australian dollars
6000 MYR – MY + R for Malaysian ringgit
16,000 ZAR – ZA + R for South African rand
15,000 USD – US + D for United States dollars
5000 EUR – EU + R for Euros lists currency codes here.

So which one do I use?
Prefer currency symbols for general writing. Our goal is to be as clear as possible, and currency symbols are generally more recognisable than currency codes.

So if you're writing about a $13,000 scholarship on the Monash Australia website, use:


If you are writing for Monash Malaysia or Monash South Africa, or need to indicate another currency, you should include the relevant currency symbol.

One notable exception is Course Finder, which uses Australia's ISO currency code to show course fee amounts in its entries. Always use AUD for updating fee entries in CUPID.

The important thing is to always consider the reader. Sometimes, you might prefer to use a country's ISO currency code rather than its currency symbol because you consider the symbol to be less familiar to your readers or want to be consistent when referring to amounts in different currencies in a table.

Converting currencies

Don't show the conversion of one currency to another because the result will quickly be out of date.

Simply write the amount in the local currency of your main audience (Australian dollars for Monash Australia websites, Malaysian ringgit for Monash Malaysia sites and so on). Users can check the conversion themselves.