Volcanoes are majestic in appearance and the largest mountains on our planet. Measured from the seafloor, Hawaii’s Big Island is taller than Mt Everest. From the tropical islands of Hawaii to the snow-covered, iconic peaks at Mt Fuji, Mt Ruhapehu or Mt. Kilimanjaro, the fire-spitting mountains have a spiritual connection with those who settled on their flanks for thousands of years.
The shape of the Tibetan Plateau – also known as the world’s rooftop – may be controlled by the strength of the tectonic plates - shedding new light on how it was formed, new international research has found.