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The Monash Plate Tectonics and Geodynamics Group blends people with a broad interest in the evolution of our planet’s tectonics and its link with the dynamics of its interiors. Research focus includes tectonic and kinematics reconstructions, laboratory and computational modelling. Our focus cover processes from crustal scale to global Earth applying a range of research skills such as continuum mechanics, kinematics, tectonics, structural analysis and computational sciences to a broad spectrum of geophysical problems.

Research Team

Dr Fabio A. Capitanio – Plate margins and interiors tectonics, dynamics of subduction and mantle

convection, computational geodynamics

Prof Pete Betts – Tectonic and geodynamics of the Australian plate, Geodynamics of Congested

subduction zones, Diverging margin formation along the Red Sea

Prof Roberto Weinberg – Tectonics of collisional margins, Andean Cordilleran and Himalayan

Orogenesis

Prof Sandy Cruden – Continental Tectonics, Experimental Tectonics, Fracture Analysis

Postgraduate Researchers

Nicolas Molnar (PhD student)
Plate tectonics and geodynamics: analogue modelling of continental break-up
   

Recent Publications

Capitanio, F.A., Replumaz, A., Riel, N., 2015, Reconciling subduction dynamics during Tethys closure with large-scale Asian tectonics: insights from numerical modeling, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, vol 16, issue 3, American Geophysical Union, Washington DC USA, pp. 962-982.

Faccenna, C., Becker, T.W., Auer, L., Billi, A., Boschi, L., Brun, J., Capitanio, F.A., Funiciello, F., Horvath, F., Jolivet, L., Piromallo, C., Royden, L., Rossetti, F., Serpelloni, E., 2014, Mantle dynamics in the Mediterranean, Reviews of Geophysics, vol 52, issue 3, American Geophysical Union, United States, pp. 283-332.

Sharples, W.K., Jadamec, M., Moresi, L., Capitanio, F.A., 2014, Overriding plate controls on subduction evolution, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol 119, issue 8, American Geophysical Union, Washington DC USA, pp. 6684-6704.

Replumaz, A., Capitanio, F.A., Guillot, S., Negredo Moreno, A.M., Villasenor, A., 2014, The coupling of Indian subduction and Asian continental tectonics, Gondwana Research, vol 26, issue 2, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 608-626.

Farrington, R., Moresi, L., Capitanio, F.A., 2014, The role of viscoelasticity in subducting plates,Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, vol 15, issue 11, American Geophysical Union, United States, pp. 4291-4304.

Allen, P.A., Eriksson, P.G., Alkmim, F.F., Betts, P.G., Catuneanu, O., Mazumder, R., Meng, Q., Young, G.M., 2015, Classification of basins, with special reference to Proterozoic examples, Geological Society, London, Memoirs, vol 43, Geological Society Publishing House, Bath Avon UK, pp. 5-28.

Spampinato, G.P.T., Ailleres, L., Betts, P.G., Armit, R.J., 2015, Crustal architecture of the Thomson Orogen in Queensland inferred from potential field forward modelling, Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, vol 62, issue 5, Taylor & Francis, Abingdon Oxon UK, pp. 581-603.

Spampinato, G.P.T., Betts, P.G., Ailleres, L., Armit, R.J., 2015, Early tectonic evolution of the Thomson Orogen in Queensland inferred from constrained magnetic and gravity data, Tectonophysics, vol 651-652, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 99-120.

Almalki, K.A.S., Ailleres, L., Betts, P.G., Bantan, R.A., 2015, Evidence for and relationship between recent distributed extension and halokinesis in the Farasan Islands, southern Red Sea, Saudi Arabia, Arabian Journal of Geosciences, vol 8, issue 10, Springer, Heidelberg Germany, pp. 8753-8766.

Moore, D.H., Betts, P.G., Hall, W.D.M., 2015, Fragmented Tasmania: The transition from Rodinia to Gondwana, Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, vol 62, issue 1, Taylor & Francis, Oxfordshire UK, pp. 1-35.

Betts, P.G., Moresi, L., Miller, M.S., Willis, D.M., 2015, Geodynamics of oceanic plateau and plume head accretion and their role in Phanerozoic orogenic systems of China, Geoscience Frontiers [E], vol 6, issue 1, China University of Geosciences, Beijing China, pp. 49-59.

Spampinato, G.P.T., Ailleres, L., Betts, P.G., Armit, R.J., 2015, Imaging the basement architecture across the Cork Fault in Queensland using magnetic and gravity data, Precambrian Research, vol 264, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 63-81.

Umar, M., Betts, P.G., Khan, M.M.S., Sabir, M.A., Farooq, M., Zeb, A., Jadoon, U.K., Ali, S., 2015, Signatures of Late Neoproterozoic Gondwana assembly and Maronian glaciation in Lesser Himalaya: a palaeogeographical and stratigraphical approach, Acta Geologica Polonica, vol 65, issue 1, Wydawnictwo Naukowe INVIT, Warsaw Poland, pp. 1-19.

Spampinato, G.P.T., Betts, P.G., Ailleres, L., Armit, R.J., 2015, Structural architecture of the southern Mount Isa terrane in Queensland inferred from magnetic and gravity data, Precambrian Research, vol 269, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 261-280.

van den Hove, J.C., Ailleres, L., Betts, P.G., Cas, R.A.F., 2015, Subsurface structure of a large basaltic maar volcano examined using geologically constrained potential field modelling, Lake Purrumbete Maar, Newer Volcanics Province, southeastern Australia, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, vol 304, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 142-159.

Almalki, K.A.S., Betts, P.G., Ailleres, L., 2015, The Red Sea - 50 years of geological and geophysical research, Earth-Science Reviews, vol 147, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 109-140.

Blaikie, T.N., Van Otterloo, J., Ailleres, L., Betts, P.G., Cas, R.A.F., 2015, The erupted volumes of tephra from maar volcanoes and estimates of their VEI magnitude: Examples from the late Cenozoic Newer Volcanics Province, south-eastern Australia, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, vol 301, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 81-89.

Blaikie, T.N., Ailleres, L., Betts, P.G., Cas, R.A.F., 2014, A geophysical comparison of the diatremes of simple and complex maar volcanoes, Newer Volcanics Province, south-eastern Australia, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, vol 276, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 64-81.

Lindsay, M.D., Betts, P.G., Ailleres, L., 2014, Data fusion and porphyry copper prospectivity models, southeastern Arizona, Ore Geology Reviews, vol 61, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 120-140.

Moresi, L., Betts, P.G., Miller, M.S., Cayley, R.A., 2014, Dynamics of continental accretion, Nature, vol 508, issue 7495, Nature Publishing Group, London UK, pp. 245-248.

Almalki, K.A.S., Betts, P.G., Ailleres, L., 2014, Episodic sea-floor spreading in the Southern Red Sea,Tectonophysics, vol 617, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 140-149.

Armit, R.J., Ailleres, L., Betts, P.G., Schaefer, B.F., Blaikie, T.N., 2014, High-heat geodynamic setting during the Palaeozoic evolution of the Mount Painter Province, SA, Australia: evidence from combined field structural geology and potential-field inversions, Geophysical Journal International, vol 199, issue 1, Oxford University Press, United Kingdom, pp. 253-275.

Blaikie, T.N., Ailleres, L., Betts, P.G., Cas, R.A.F., 2014, Interpreting subsurface volcanic structures using geologically constrained 3-D gravity inversions: examples of maar-diatremes, Newer Volcanics Province, southeastern Australia, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol 119, issue 4, American Geophysical Union, USA, pp. 3857-3878.

Armit, R.J., Betts, P.G., Schaefer, B.F., Pankhurst, M.J., Giles, D.L., 2014, Provenance of the Early Mesoproterozoic Radium Creek Group in the northern Mount Painter Inlier: correlating isotopic signatures to inform tectonic reconstructions, Precambrian Research, vol 243, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 63-87.

Aitken, A.R.A., Young, D., Ferraccioli, F., Betts, P.G., Greenbaum, J.S., Richter, T.G., Roberts, J., Blankenship, D.D., Siegert, M.J., 2014, The subglacial geology of Wilkes Land, East Antarctica,Geophysical Research Letters, vol 41, issue 7, American Geophysical Union, Washington USA, pp. 2390-2400.

Reid, A.J., Jagodzinski, E.A., Armit, R.J., Dutch, R.A., Kirkland, C.L., Betts, P.G., Schaefer, B.F., 2014, U-Pb and Hf isotopic evidence for Neoarchean and Paleoproterozoic basement in the buried northern Gawler Craton, South Australia, Precambrian Research, vol 250, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 127-142.

Willcock, M.A., Bargossi, G.M., Weinberg, R.F., Gasparotto, G., Cas, R.A.F., Giordano, G., Marocchi, M., 2015, A complex magma reservoir system for a large volume intra- to extra-caldera ignimbrite: mineralogical and chemical architecture of the VEI8, Permian Ora ignimbrite (Italy), Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, vol 306, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 17-40.

Mills, S., Tomkins, A.G., Weinberg, R.F., Fan, H., 2015, Anomalously silver-rich vein-hosted mineralisation in disseminated-style gold deposits, Jiaodong gold district, China, Ore Geology Reviews, vol 68, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 127-141.

Weinberg, R.F., Veveakis, M., Regenauer-Lieb, K., 2015, Compaction-driven melt segregation in migmatites, Geology, vol 43, issue 6, Geological Society of America, Boulder CO USA, pp. 471-474.

Ferreira, V.P., Sial, A.N., Weinberg, R.F., Pimentel, M.M., 2015, Deep-seated fragmentation, transport of breccia dikes and emplacement: an example from the Borborema province, northeastern Brazil, Journal of South American Earth Sciences, vol 58, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 300-308.

Veveakis, M., Regenauer-Lieb, K., Weinberg, R.F., 2015, Ductile compaction of partially molten rocks: the effect of non-linear viscous rheology on instability and segregation, Geophysical Journal International, vol 200, issue 1, Oxford University Press, Oxford UK, pp. 519-523.

Cohalan, L., Weinberg, R.F., Squire, R.J., Allen, C.M., 2015, Early deformation in the Eastern Goldfields, Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia: a record of early thrusting?, Precambrian Research, vol 266, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 212-226.

Mills, S., Tomkins, A.G., Weinberg, R.F., Fan, H., 2015, Implications of pyrite geochemistry for gold mineralisation and remobilisation in the Jiaodong gold district, northeast China, Ore Geology Reviews, vol 71, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 150-168.

Cabrera, A.P., Weinberg, R.F., Wright, H.M., 2015, Magma fracturing and degassing associated with obsidian formation: The explosive-effusive transition, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, vol 298, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 71-84.

Regenauer-Lieb, K., Rosenbaum, G., Lyakhovsky, V., Liu, J., Weinberg, R.F., Segev, A., Weinstein, Y., 2015, Melt instabilities in an intraplate lithosphere and implications for volcanism in the Harrat Ash-Shaam volcanic field (NW Arabia), Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol 120, issue 3, Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken NJ USA, pp. 1543-1558.

Regenauer-Lieb, K., Veveakis, M., Poulet, T., Paesold, M., Rosenbaum, G., Weinberg, R.F., Karrech, A., 2015, Multiscale, multiphysics geomechanics for geodynamics applied to buckling instabilities in the middle of the Australian craton, Philosophical Magazine, vol 95, issue 28-30, Taylor & Francis, Oxfordshire UK, pp. 3055-3077.

Finch, M., Weinberg, R.F., Fuentes, M.G., Hasalova, P., Becchio, R., 2015, One kilometre-thick ultramylonite, Sierra de Quilmes, Sierras Pampeanas, NW Argentina, Journal of Structural Geology, vol 72, Pergamon, Oxford UK, pp. 33-54.

Weinberg, R.F., Hasalova, P., 2015, Water-fluxed melting of the continental crust: A review, Lithos, vol 212-215, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 158-188.

de Araujo, C.E.G., Weinberg, R.F., Cordani, U.G., 2014, Extruding the Borborema Province (NE-Brazil): a two-stage Neoproterozoic collision process, Terra Nova [E], vol 26, issue 2, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford UK, pp. 157-168.

van Dongen, M., Weinberg, R.F., Tomkins, A.G., 2014, Grade distribution of the Giant Ok Tedi Cu-Au deposit, Papua New Guinea-a reply, Economic Geology, vol 109, Society of Economic Geologists, Inc., Littleton United States, pp. 1493-1494.

Hippertt, J.T.M., Lana, C., Weinberg, R.F., Tohver, E., Schmieder, M., Scholz, R., Goncalves, L., Hippertt, J., 2014, Liquefaction of sedimentary rocks during impact crater development, Earth And Planetary Science Letters, vol 408, Elsevier BV, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 285-295.

Symington, N., Weinberg, R.F., Hasalova, P., Wolfram, L.C., Raveggi, M., Armstrong, R.A., 2014, Multiple intrusions and remelting-remobilization events in a magmatic arc: the St. Peter Suite, South Australia,Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol 126, issue 9-10, Geological Society of America, Boulder United States, pp. 1200-1218.

Finch, M., Hasalova, P., Weinberg, R.F., Fanning, M.C., 2014, Switch from thrusting to normal shearing in the Zanskar shear zone, NW Himalaya: implications for channel flow, Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol 126, issue 7-8, Geological Society of America, United States, pp. 892-924.

de Araujo, C.E.G., Cordani, U.G., Weinberg, R.F., Basei, M.A.S., Armstrong, R.A., Sato, K., 2014, Tracing Neoproterozoic subduction in the Borborema Province (NE-Brazil): clues from U-Pb geochronology and Sr-Nd-Hf-O isotopes on granitoids and migmatites, Lithos, vol 202-203, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 167-189.

Leloup, P., Weinberg, R.F., Mukherjee, B., Tapponnier, P., Lacassin, R., Boutonnet, E., Chevalier, M., Li, H., Valli, F., Arnaud, N., Paquette, J., 2013, Comment on "Displacement along the Karakoram fault, NW Himalaya, estimated from LA-ICP-MS U-Pb dating of offset geologic markers" published by Shifeng            Wang            et            al.                in EPSL, 2012, Earth And Planetary Science Letters, vol 363, Elsevier Science BV, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 242-245.

Saumur, B., Cruden, A.R., 2016, On the emplacement of the Voisey's Bay intrusion (Labrador, Canada),Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol 128, issue 1-2, Geological Society of America, Boulder CO USA, pp. 147-168.

Duarte, J.C., Schellart, W.P., Cruden, A., 2015, How weak is the subduction zone interface?, Geophysical Research Letters, vol 42, issue 8, Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken NJ USA, pp. 2664-2673.

Vollgger, S.A., Cruden, A.R., Ailleres, L., Cowan, E.J., 2015, Regional dome evolution and its control on ore-grade distribution: Insights from 3D implicit modelling of the Navachab gold deposit, Namibia, Ore Geology Reviews, vol 69, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 268-284.

Saumur, B., Cruden, A.R., Boutelier, D., 2015, Sulfide liquid entrainment by silicate magma: implications for the dynamics and petrogenesis of magmatic sulfide deposits, Journal of Petrology, vol 56, issue 12, Oxford University Press, Oxford UK, pp. 2473-2490.

Musumeci, G., Mazzarini, F., Cruden, A.R., 2015, The Zuccale Fault, Elba Island, Italy: a new perspective from fault architecture, Tectonics, vol 34, issue 6, Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken NJ USA, pp. 1-24.

Kavanagh, J., Boutelier, D., Cruden, A.R., 2015, The mechanics of sill inception, propagation and growth: experimental evidence for rapid reduction in magmatic overpressure, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol 421, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 117-128.

Saumur, B., Cruden, A.R., Evans-Lamswood, D., Lightfoot, P.C., 2015, Wall-rock structural controls on the genesis of the Voisey's Bay intrusion and its Ni-Cu-Co magmatic sulfide mineralization (Labrador, Canada), Economic Geology, vol 110, issue 3, Society of Economic Geologists, Littleton CO USA, pp. 691-711.

Duarte, J.C., Schellart, W.P., Cruden, A., 2014, Rheology of petrolatum-paraffin oil mixtures: applications to analogue modelling of geological processes, Journal of Structural Geology, vol 63, Pergamon, Oxford United Kingdom, pp. 1-11.

Boutelier, D., Oncken, O., Cruden, A., 2014, Trench-parallel shortening in the forearc caused by subduction along a seaward-concave plate boundary: insights from analogue modelling experiments,Tectonophysics, vol 611, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 192-203.

Meriaux, C.A.M., Duarte, J.C., Schellart, W.P., Meriaux, A., 2015, A two-way interaction between the Hainan plume and the Manila subduction zone, Geophysical Research Letters, vol 42, issue 14, Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken NJ USA, pp. 5796-5802.

Rosas, F.M., Duarte, J.C., Schellart, W.P., Tomas, R., Grigorova, V., Terrinha, P., 2015, Analogue modelling of different angle thrust-wrench fault interference in a brittle medium, Journal of Structural Geology, vol 74, Pergamon Press, Kidlington Oxford UK, pp. 81-104.

Schellart, W.P., Spakman, W., 2015, Australian plate motion and topography linked to fossil New Guinea slab below Lake Eyre, Earth And Planetary Science Letters, vol 421, Elsevier, Amsterdam Netherlands, pp. 107-116.

Meriaux, C.A.M., Duarte, J.C., Duarte, S., Schellart, W.P., Chen, Z., Rosas, F.M., Mata, J., Terrinha, P., 2015, Capture of the Canary mantle plume material by the Gibraltar arc mantle wedge during slab rollback, Geophysical Journal International, vol 201, issue 3, Oxford University Press, Oxford UK, pp. 1717-1721.

Edwards, S.J., Schellart, W.P., Duarte, J.C., 2015, Geodynamic models of continental subduction and obduction of overriding plate forearc oceanic lithosphere on top of continental crust, Tectonics, vol 34, issue 7, Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken NJ USA, pp. 1494-1515.

Chen, Z., Schellart, W.P., Duarte, J.C., 2015, Overriding plate deformation and variability of fore-arc deformation during subduction: insight from geodynamic models and application to the Calabria subduction zone, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, vol 16, issue 10, American Geophysical Union, Washington DC USA, pp. 3697-3715.

Chen, Z., Schellart, W.P., Duarte, J.C., 2015, Quantifying the energy dissipation of overriding plate deformation in three-dimensional subduction models, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol 120, issue 1, Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken NJ USA, pp. 519-536.

Duarte, J.C., Rosas, F.M., Terrinha, P., Schellart, W.P., Boutelier, D., Gutscher, M., Ribeiro, A., 2014, Are subduction zones invading the Atlantic? Evidence from the southwest Iberia margin Reply, Geology, vol 42, issue 3, Geological Society of America, Boulder United States, p. E329.

Strak, V., Schellart, W.P., 2014, Evolution of 3-D subduction-induced mantle flow around lateral slab edges in analogue models of free subduction analysed by stereoscopic particle image velocimetry technique, Earth And Planetary Science Letters, vol 403, Elsevier, Netherlands, pp. 368-379.

Recent Grants

Collaborative facility for high resolution fabrication, imaging, and characterisation for nanostructured materials. (2014). Australian Research Council. Etheridge, J, McCulloch, D, Friend, J, Bhaskaran, M, Cheng, Y, Mulvaney, P, Prawer, S, Bilek, M, Juodkazis, S, Abbott, D, Tachibana, Y, Bhargava, S,            Caruso,            R,                McArthur, S, Weinberg, R, Funston, A, Kuhlmey, B, Lapine, M, Fumeaux, C

Advancing Mineral Exploration Models for Orogenic Gold Deposits. (2015). Australian Research Council. Tomkins, A, Cruden, A, Micklethwaite, S, Wilson, C, Maas, R, Cayley, R, Hitchman, S, Gibson, H