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Schools in Science


Under the banner of CReST – the Centre for Resource Science and Technology – a significant number of academics working on mineral resource geoscience, focusing particularly on understanding the fundamental geological processes that promote formation of ore deposits. Many of us focus on understanding the mantle to crustal scale geochemical processes the lead to ore localisation, and others focus on understanding the geodynamic, magmatic and structural processes that go hand in hand with the geochemistry. Some of us collaborate with metallurgists to solve problems in metal recovery, and others work on the geology of hydrocarbon and geothermal resources and nuclear waste disposal.

Research Team

Professor Sandy Cruden

The mechanics of magma emplacement; magmatic sulfide transport and deposition; 3D structural geology of ore deposits (lode gold, iron ore, magmatic sulphides, base metals); fracture network characterisation (hydrocarbon reservoir analogues, geothermal applications, radioactive waste disposal).

Professor Joel Brugger

Hydrothermal geochemistry applied to understanding ore localisation and metallurgy.

Professor Roberto Weinberg

Structural controls on gold deposits and tectonic-magmatic processes underlying porphyry deposit formation.

Professor Peter Betts

Tectonic evolution of continents and consequent large-scale metallogeny.

Professor Chris Wilson

Tectonic evolution of continents and consequent large-scale metallogeny.

Associate Professor Oliver Nebel

Isotope fractionation and redox processes that underpin ore deposit-related magma evolution.


Associate Professor Steven Micklethwaite

Structural controls on fluid flow related to gold deposits, use of UAVs in structural geology, in situ leach geochemistry.


Associate Professor Jeffrey Stilwell

Palaeontology applied to oil exploration.


Dr Andy Tomkins

Mantle and crustal scale sulfur cycling, metamorphic influences on ore genesis and ore evolution. Genesis of orogenic gold, porphyry Cu-Au, magmatic Ni-Cu-PGE sulfide systems, and mid-crustal hydrothermal U-REE.


Dr Laurent Ailleres

Structural and geodynamic controls on ore systems


Dr Andrew Frierdich

Low temperature geochemistry applied to mineral processing and early Earth environment.

Dr Drew Syverson

Hydrothermal processes in iron-oxide copper gold systems.

Dr Stefan Vollgger

Structural modelling of mineral deposits and mineral forming systems.



Fougerouse, D., Micklethwaite, S., Tomkins, A.G., Mei, Y., Kilburn, M., Guagliardo, P., Fisher, L.A., Halfpenny, A., Gee, M., Paterson, D., Howard, D.L. 2016. Gold remobilisation and formation of high grade ore shoots driven by dissolution-reprecipitation replacement and Ni substitution into auriferous            arsenopyrite.            Geochimica            et            Cosmochimica Acta 178, 143-159.

McGloin, M., Tomkins, A.G., Webb, G.G., Spiers, K., MacRae, C.M., Paterson, D. and Ryan, C.G. 2016. Release of U from highly radiogenic zircon through metamictisation: The source of orogenic uranium ores. Geology 44, 15–18.

Li-Qiang Yang, Jun Deng, Zhong-Liang Wang, Liang Zhang, Richard J Goldfarb, Wan-Ming Yuan, Roberto F Weinberg, Rui-Zhong Zhang 2016. Thermochronologic constraints on evolution of the Linglong Metamorphic Core Complex and implications for gold mineralization: A case study from the Xiadian gold deposit,            Jiaodong            Peninsula,            eastern            China. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 165-178.

Saumur, B.M., Cruden, A.R. 2016. On the emplacement of the Voisey's Bay intrusion (Labrador, Canada). Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 128, 147-168.

Vollgger, S. & Cruden, A.R. 2016. Mapping folds and fractures in basement and cover rocks using UAV photogrammetry, Cape Liptrap and Cape Paterson, Victoria, Australia. Journal of Structural Geology, 85, 168-187.

Barnes, S.J., Cruden, A., Arnt, N., & Saumur, B. 2016. The mineral system approach applied to magmatic Ni-Cu-PGE sulfide deposits. Ore Geology Reviews, 76, 296-316.


Zhong, R., Brugger, J., Tomkins, A.G., Chen, Y., Li, W., 2015. Fate of gold and base metals during metamorphic devolatilization of a pelite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.171, 338–352.

Tomkins, A.G. and Evans, K.A. 2015. Separate Zones of Sulfate and Sulfide Release from Subducted Mafic Oceanic Crust. Earth & Planetary Science Letters 428, 73–83.

Large, R.R., Steadman, J.A., Tomkins, A.G., Lounejeva, E., Gregory, D.D., Danyushevsky, L.V., Halpin, J.A., Maslennikov, V., Sack P.J., Hickman, A. 2015. Gold in the oceans through time. Earth & Planetary Science Letters 428, 139–150.

Mills, S.E., Tomkins, A.G., Weinberg, R.F., Fan, H.-R. 2015. Implications of pyrite geochemistry for gold mineralisation and remobilisation in the Jiaodong gold district, northeast China. Ore Geology Reviews. 71, 150-168.

Mills, S.E., Tomkins, A.G., Weinberg, R.F. and Fan, H.-R., 2015. Anomalously silver-rich vein-hosted mineralisation in disseminated-style gold deposits, Jiaodong gold district, China. Ore Geology Reviews. 68, 127-141.

Perrouty, S., Jessell, M.W., Bourassa, Y., Miller, J., Apau, D., Siebenaller, L., Velásquez, G., Baratoux, L., Aillères, L., Béziat, D., Salvi, S 2015. The Wassa deposit: A poly-deformed orogenic gold system in southwest Ghana - Implications for regional exploration. Journal of African Earth Sciences 112, 536-547.

Vollgger, S.A., Cruden, A.R., Ailleres, L., Cowan, E.J. 2015. Regional dome evolution and its control on ore-grade distribution: Insights from 3D implicit modelling of the Navachab gold deposit, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 69, 268-284.

Saumur, B.M., Cruden, A.R., Boutelier, D. 2015. Sulfide liquid entrainment by silicate magma: Implications for the dynamics and petrogenesis of magmatic sulfide deposits. Journal of Petrology 56, 2473-2490.

Saumur, B.M., Cruden, A.R., Evans-Lamswood, D., Lightfoot, P.C. 2015. Wall-rock structural controls on the genesis of the voisey's bay intrusion and its Ni-Cu-Co magmatic sulfide mineralization (Labrador, Canada). Economic Geology 110, 691-711


Giacometti, F., Evans, K.A., Rebay, G., Cliff, J., Tomkins, A.G., Rossetti, P., Vaggelli, G., Adams, D. 2014. Sulfur isotope evolution in sulfide ores from Western Alps: Assessing the influence of subduction-related metamorphism. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 15; doi: 10.1002/2014GC005459.

Evans, K.A., Tomkins, A.G. and Cliff, J., 2014. Insights into subduction zone sulfur recycling from isotopic analysis of eclogite-hosted sulfides. Chemical Geology 365, 1-19.

MD Lindsay, PG Betts, L Ailleres 2014. Data fusion and porphyry copper prospectivity models, southeastern Arizona. Ore Geology Reviews 61, 120-140.

Perrouty, S., Lindsay, M.D., Jessell, M.W., Ailleres, L., Martin, R., Bourassa, Y. 2014. 3D modeling of the Ashanti Belt, southwest Ghana: Evidence for a litho-stratigraphic control on gold occurrences within the Birimian Sefwi Group. Ore Geology Reviews 63, 252-264.

Recent Grants

Advancing Mineral Exploration Models for Orogenic Gold Deposits. ARC Linkage Project (LP150100717; 2015-2019): $499,000. CIs: Dr Andy Tomkins, Prof Sandy Cruden, Dr Steve Micklethwaite, Dr Chris Wilson, Dr Roland Mass, Mr Ross Cayley, Mr Simon Hitchman, Ms Helen Gibson